Wednesday, September 17, 2008

Linux - The choice of habitat.

What good Linux is the opportunity for a full setup. A graphical environment also has had this property. Because, unlike Windows, window managers are not built, their exists quite a number. And absolutely for every taste - you can put something bulky, but with fantastic special effects (Vista rest), and something very light, small and quick. In fact, all systems, "Rice windows" can be divided into two groups: graphic environment and image managers. In this article I will try to describe and compare (to the best of my modest capabilities) them. It should remember that there are very subjective judgement, and that one person is a major drawback, for another - dignity. Besides not forget that when choosing a major role played by personal preferences (for example, someone just did not like the topic accessible design windows).

Integrated working environment


Very large Wednesday with a large number of applications. Uses library GTK. People, as they claim, are trying to create the most simple and user friendly environment (though not forget that the only user-friendly interface - the nipple).


* A lot of native applications that use the GTK (ie no problems with their appearance would not). It should remember GIMP, and which started with the development of Gnome.
* Vstroeno fairly large number of convenience applications (for example, a text editor GEdit).
* There are some programs that without a Gnome not start at all.
* The centralized system settings GConf - analogous to the roster of Windows.
* A large number of different topics discharge (worth a visit


* There may be problems with compatibility of different versions of libraries.
* Isolated settings - several different menu, control center, gconf.
* Many manufacturers distributions do not include it in their systems.


Wednesday, even larger in size than Gnome, for drawing elements uses a library Qt. It features a large number of settings. True, also differed greatly in their appetite side (for pleasant want to work at least 512 megabytes of RAM).


* This is a very large Mr. environment in which there is practically all you useful in daily work. And many programs - the best of its kind.
* A large number of written using Qt (ie no problems with their appearance would not).
* Big ability to configure. Some programs have very many options well.
* There are configuration utility for the appearance of applications written for GTK.
* A lot of different skin (
* The mechanism of interaction dcop allows you to manage applications using scripts (very convenient if some features not found in the preferences).


* A very elaborate system of preferences in text files that can be unintelligible. Because of their many and they are different.
* Trebovatelnost.
* Problems with internal switch layouts that require additional movement to work correctly.


For Gnome and KDE can be configured another window manager. For example, compiz-fusion, which has replaced beryl and uses 3D-accelerator for its work. Of course, to properly function is set for accelerating the three-dimensional support for your graphics card, plus the need to add in the / etc/X11/xorg.conf following lines:

Section "Extensions"
Option "Composite" "enable"

Plus, in the section "Device" option should be added

Option "XAANoOffscreenPixmaps" "true"

Now when you start you get a fairly flexible system of "decorations" for which there are many plug-ins.


A small, but very proud working environment in which all programs work faster than in the "Gnome and KDE. Besides memory consumption remains far below. But, to the whole, remains a working environment with their applications (small and fast).


* Small, very quick and very netrebovatelny.
* Loading an order of magnitude faster than the rest Wednesday.
* Supports gtk-topic.
* A lot of their own tools to customize many settings (such as hot keys), also has a very fast file manager.
* Excellent working on different systems (Linux, BSD-all systems, QNX, Solaris) with the presence of optimization for each.


* Lot accounted tune manually because of a lack of tools (such as time or keyboard).
* Fewer embedded programs.

Window managers

They almost do not have any applications for additional work. We have to deliver them from different environments. For their preferences, as a rule, have to edit configuration files. But you can achieve amazing claims (in a good sense =)).


Extremely popular window manager with the support order.


* A lot of window management functions.
* Umeet minimize any window in the tray.
* Allows easy to create topics.
* Built opportunity to work with hot keys.
* There are monitors CPU and network.
* Netrebovatelnost.


* There are restrictions on the configuration panel.
* Manual Editing configuration.
* Graphic configurator at least for now, but very quickly become obsolete.


Most custom that I have ever seen, with netrebovatelnoe and quick. But there is one but. I would say NO. Very complex process settings, close to programming, but it allows truly customize by themselves. And still very ugly topic by default.

But because of flexibility, there are ready solutions. I would advise look fvwm-crystal. It is beautiful and fast. And it remains fvwm 'box and be good for sharpening their ideas.

Enlightenment (E016)

Also very popular and attractive manager


* A lot of different topics.
* Large settings possible (albeit smaller than fvwm).
* Graphic setting.
* The various effects.


* The problem with the Cyrillic script in some subjects.

Window Maker

It offers several unusual method - using the docks.


* A lot of topics.
* Convenient hot keys.
* A convenient way configurator.
* Simple configs.
* Major ability to manage the windows.
* A rich selection of applets to dock.


* Some programs incorrectly working with several docks.
* Requires a while to get used to work.



* Comply standards freedesktop, which allows to use it as a window manager in the same "Dwarf" / KDE.
* Allows you to customize keyboard shortcuts.
* Supports menu that can be generated automatically.


* Not particularly easy configuration through editing xml-file.
* Anything else you need to adjust separately (for example, the panel).


Almost the same as OpenBox, but with back and simpler configuration.


Very quick and easy manager, who has the bare minimum to manage windows. The best solution for those who do not need it.


It offers an entirely new way of placement of windows - they do not overlap each other. He has a fairly weak interface changes, although there is support order.

In general, that choice - you decide. Still, it is-a matter of taste (and desire messing with the settings). Personally, I opted for Xfce. But you probably will prefer to Gnome or KDE. The choice is.

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