Wednesday, September 3, 2008

Programmers - Belarusian elite?

Profession programmer in our country is considered very prestigious. First, these people receive one of the highest salaries in the country. Secondly, they can always, if something does not like it, change the place of work. The third ... There and third, and fourth, and fifth. But the question is: better programmers live with us or in the West? And is it possible to take their elite Belarusian society?

In principle, programmers are not bad everywhere, but so remaining employees better intellectuals, perhaps, is that in the post-Soviet space and in India. And, in general, not secret what is the case - in the western money, which seem to be here "tyschschami wild," and there - penny. However, of course, silly to compare the salaries of programmers in Belarus and the West (and indeed in developed countries) in absolute values.

According to the research company Ynet, a programmer in the U.S. earns, on average, about 75 thousand dollars a year in Israel - for five to seven million less. We take the annual income alone is not accepted - there is a tax, not the citizens themselves. Because, I think, more telling figures will translate into a monthly salary. For the U.S. it will be somewhere around 6.3 "kilobaksov" for Israel, respectively, about 5.7. In neighbouring Russia (more precisely, not across Russia, and in large cities like Moscow and St. Petersburg) average salary programmer, according to Kommersant, is $ 2.5 thousand per month. With regard to Belarus, the official and unofficial statistics vary very, very significantly - the reasons for that, in general, is understandable, and the mere confusion does not cause surprise no one. We will use statistics and informally consider that the average Belarusian programmer receives about 1.3 thousands of "enemy" in a month.

In general, of course, it all interesting, but no specific figures were quite clear that the U.S. wages, let's say, our little bit more. True, there is higher costs. Let's value, for example, the same shelter in different countries, and see who ultimately remains a major beneficiary - they or we.

In Minsk cheap studio apartment, according to real estate sites, will cost approximately $ 50 thousand. That is, our average programmer, who wishes to buy a cheap apartment, you want to starve (or live by relatives or any other benefactors) a total 38.5 months, that is little more than three years. In Moscow the average programmer tamoshny average rate will save at the cheapest 200000 - a flat dollar already about 80 months, that is somewhere six and a half years. Regarding the U.S., this is where I know stories of those who left in this country, people prefer not to live in apartments (especially those who earn decently), and in cottages. Realtors report that the average cost of a double cabin in the area of San Francisco is $ 400K (the letter "K" both taken to signify thousands), that is, an American programmer will save on a house somewhere in the year and a half less than one-room apartment in Moscow in his native city. Regarding the Israeli knights compiler and debugger, they are at the cheapest apartment in Tel Aviv ($ 90K) will save one and a half years.

Yes, indeed, it turns out well precisely where we do not. Although, if we look at Moscow, then we can say that where we do not, are not always good. In Israel, of course, you can buy an apartment, such as the fastest, but do not forget about the dangerous situation in that country. There is no guarantee that tomorrow in your house does not get shalnoy Arabic shell or that it will not become the object of interest next suicide bomber. However, of course, force majeure occur everywhere, and no one does not usually gives no guarantees for anyone. Actually, I think, is wary of those who operates the terms "absolutely safe", "100% - I guarantee", etc. etc. However, I think, a little distracting from the topic.

If escape from the U.S. and look at their home forests and swamps, you can understand that, in principle, everything is not too bad and with our programmers. Their average salary exceeds the average for the country in about four times, and perhaps this is one of the few specialists who can pozhat shoulders in response to what he said "Yes that you lived on one salary." If you look in their eyes, the programmers now - the most profitable of the wage occupations. That is, if you think about how to get more money and it does not have all those issues that are entrepreneurs in our country, then re-programmers in for a person with technical education is probably the most successful solution.

With regard to the question, can I take programmers elite ... Let's first see what the elite. Wikipedia is written (yes, I know that it is written many things wrong, but still): "The Elite (from francs. Elite - the best choice) - in sociology and political science - an integral and important part of any society. Performs functions management of society, as well as developing new models (stereotyping) conduct, allowing the society to adapt to the changing environment. " Proceeding from this, programmers can hardly be considered elite. In terms of behaviour while programmers not think of anything new: most of the Belarusian developers running from one office to another in search of where most pay. Just today are people who are lucky more rest. If tomorrow the West interested in growing in Belarus courgettes, then exactly the same lucky specialists courgettes, and the popularity of the profession programmer only have vzdyhat BGUIRovskih deans of faculties, looking at sharply reduce competition in the IT profession. Pah-pah-pah that this was not.

Yes, probably, and programmers can offend in this article, but, in general, I think, really can not be considered elite of those for whom thinks heads. Here are those programmers who are busy writing and promotion of its own software products (ie, shareware-programmers), the elite can already take. But their little, very little, and they prefer not to "shine". A pity - it is these people need as much as possible. However, this is a very different conversation ...

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AMD eve of "great breakthrough"?

Each year, another Intel Developer Forum is becoming one of the most notable events of the world semiconductor industry. Not surprisingly, the eve of the event company AMD is trying to be louder express themselves, diverting the attention of the press and consumers from its competitor spells. Already well led, that it was before the Intel Developer Forum AMD makes loud statements and introduced new products. I recall that the current IDF will be held in San Francisco August 19-21.

This year the company has its own information offensive AMD began with news that 45 - nm processors from the company (working title of Shanghai) will soon come to the market and become major competitors CPU architecture Intel Nehalem. Senior Vice President Randy AMD Alain personally told reporters that the supply of Shanghai companies integrators will begin in the IV quarter of this year.

CPU Shanghai originally focused on huge market dual servers. It may be a situation where AMD will soon compete in this sector with a chip Intel Penryn. The point is that while not reliably known when Intel withdraws to the market-based solutions Nehalem for this segment. It is worth to keep in mind that the key honors 45 - nm Opteron from the current 65 - nm will be increased from 2 to 6 MB cache L3. In doing so, they remain compatible with existing platforms require only updated BIOS. As for Nehalem, it will require new chipsets, and this puts it in slightly more advantageous position, compared with a competitor from AMD.

However herself AMD, it seems, is going to seriously change its business model. If this is indeed happens, the reform will be implemented under the strategy "asset lite" - talk about it a long time, but specific details have not yet been sounded. Known only general postulate: in the current circumstances, AMD no longer can afford to maintain its own "silicon production. It is likely that the company would be forced to sell their factories and focus efforts on developing new microprocessors.

Anticipated reforms attracted most attention as a competitor AMD (primarily, of course, Intel), and production partners. This is particularly true of companies Chartered Semiconductor Manufacturing and Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Co (TSMC), which now produce chips AMD. If the strategy of "asset lite" will be realized, the products under the brand name AMD may also engage in United Microelectronics Corp (UMC).

There may also option when AMD in the future break up into two companies. "Substantive" AMD will leave a function of the developer, while the daughter company will specialize in production. In this case, the manufacturer dostanutsya all existing factories AMD, including the most modern - factory in Dresden.

According to another version, already ozvuchennoy some experts, a large proportion of production capacity AMD has to TSMC, a slight gain remnants company Chartered. This indirectly confirms the information that Chartered produces only some products AMD, while TSMC on lines already mastered the production of most such products.

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IT-sector: time statistics

Economic crises go its course, but to stop development of the world IT-industry they are still not huge. It is to this conclusion independently of each other have the largest research agency - they recently published their findings.

The company Gartner predicts that, on the basis of 2008, the worldwide cost of information technology will grow by 8% and reached $ 3.4 trillion. But since the fall of the dollar, increase spending on informtehnologii this year amount to only 4.5%.

With regard to the structure of growth, it would be most pronounced in the sectors of software and IT-services. The cost of software would be $ 408 billion - that means 10% growth. A IT-services sector, according to Gartner, will grow this year at 9.4% - expenses in this area amount to $ 819 billion

According to analysts, in part, the increase in spending on the sector can be attributed to the active updating old systems. According to Gartner Vice President of Marketing Joanne Correira, in the next year or two corporate software upgrade will be even more actively. Meanwhile, in the opinion Correira, updating systems is not the sole cause of increasing costs in the sector of software. On the agenda today - the development of service-oriented technologies, open software, as well as concepts SaaS (software as a service) and "computer cloud." More recently, it was all exotic, but is now becoming a serious factor in the market.

With regard to the PC market, the Gartner point to the increasing demand in the markets of Western Europe and the Asia-Pacific region, as well as the growing year is not the first popular laptops. The projected costs in the production of hardware platforms this year should increase by 7% - to $ 408 billion

It sees its market computer hardware research company IDC. It is estimated that in II quarter of this year in the world was sold a record number of processors for PCs. In doing so, the main "engine" of growth in the quarter called deliveries II processors Intel, while AMD had managed to increase its share only in the segment servers and workstations, and not more than 1%. However, despite the seasonal downturn in demand for processors from April to June and the economic crisis in the U.S., II for the quarter were sold at 3,1% more processors, compared with the I quarter of this year, and 16,1% more , Compared with the II quarter of 2007 - go.

However, because of a price war among producers chips for desktop and mobile PCs in the lowest and average price ranges proceeds from sales of chips, compared with the quarter, I fell to 4.5% - to $ 7.7 billion Shane Ro , A leading analyst for IDC market semiconductors, said it this way: "Despite the fact that the quarterly growth market for this unusual calendar period, it is clear that in II quarter of 2008 the supply of Intel processors have become a key engine of his. Volume shipments Intel chips rose by almost 4.3%, compared with the I quarter, and 20.8%, compared with the same period in 2007 - first, while sales of AMD processors have remained approximately the same level. "

Net statistics from IDC II for the quarter is this: the share of Intel processors in the world market for PCs was 79,7% (+0,9%), AMD - 19,7% (-1,2%). In the segment for mobile PC processors Intel share reached 86.5% (+1.3%), while AMD was 12.6% (-1.9%). Taiwanese VIA Technologies has increased its share in this segment to 0.9%. In the market of processors for servers and workstations, Intel controls the supply of 86.2% (-0,8%), AMD - 13,8% (+0,8%). In the segment of Intel processors for desktops owned 73.3% of the market, AMD - 26,4% (changes shares were miserable). According to the forecasts of analysts IDC, the total processor market, by the end of 2008, will grow at 7.5% (compared with 2007 - m) and will amount to more than $ 32.8 billion

In the IDC report states: "Although the quarter deliveries II processors in quantitative terms exceeded expectations, aggressive pricing and product policy affects the Intel chief factor - to the proposal. Nevertheless, economic concerns are forcing us to adhere to conservative projections for the second half of the year." Suffice controversial statement, especially if we recall that, as a result I quarter of this year, IDC said a marked slowing growth in world market processor (compared to IV quarter of 2007 - the first, the decline has reached 9.2%). But, I compared with the quarter in 2007, the market has grown and quantitatively, in monetary terms: at 25.7% and 15.9% respectively.

Now on the other. The company Apple to overtake capitalization (total value of assets) Internet Corporation Google. The total value of shares "fruit company" exceeded $ 158 billion, and Google - $ 157 billion As a result, Apple took the second line in the list of most expensive computer companies. However, Google now may well FIFa a couple-three firms and return to the "big three". First place holds on capitalization Microsoft (market value of the corporation - $ 255 billion) in second place - IBM ($ 170,44 billion).

The unexpected personnel decision: Nokia Corporation took the job by former Finnish Prime Minister Esko Aho (now he is 54 years). In the structure of the world's largest producer of ringtones ex-premier will lead the corporate relations department. Esko Aho officially start its work in Nokia from 1 November this year, but the current director of corporate relations Veli Sundbek will leave his post only on January 1, 2009 - go. In addition, further Aho Sundbeka also takes place on the board of directors of the company.

Esko Aho had held the post of Prime Minister of Finland from 1991 to 1995. Later, Aho was appointed president of the State Development Fund innovation Finland (SITRA), which is "guarded" all IT-country companies.

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The story behind Google Chrome

Watch a video from the development team on the thinking and features behind Google Chrome.

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