Wednesday, February 4, 2009

Internet police is becoming a reality

In most countries around the world are now discussing the control of communication in the Internet users and content for web-sites and services. We will not mention the «Great Chinese digital wall» - this is a separate topic of conversation. Let's talk about what is happening in Europe, the USA and other countries.


Internet PoliceAt the first International Summit on Information Security, which took place recently in the Malaysian capital, it was decided to establish a global center for monitoring threats on the Internet. In total, the forum was attended by delegates from 30 countries including Russia, USA, Canada, France, Sweden, Japan, India, Australia, Thailand, Singapore, Mexico and Saudi Arabia. The general view of participants expressed the phrase: «Because kiberprestupniki using the Internet do not recognize state borders, the fight against them must be the world». The final summit declaration states that «The rapid development of information and communication technologies has resulted in the number of users world-wide network has reached 1 billion people. However, along with a great advantage in business and everyday life that brings people to the Internet in their homes and offices, and entered a new kind of threat - the so-called network or cyber crime, including cyber-terrorism. Criminals are increasingly using the Internet to the detriment not only to individual users, but also the whole enterprise, and companies regardless of ownership, as well as public entities including the defense ». As a result, in Kuala Lumpur, government officials and IT-business in 26 countries, as well as world experts in computer security have agreed on the formation of an international group of «early warning network attacks to large business and government information systems and immediate response to the threat of cyber-terrorism». It includes the creator of the Internet architecture Vinton Cerf, executive director of Trend Micro, Steve Cheng, a former U.S. adviser to the White House on cybersecurity Howard Schmidt, president of Symantec, John Thompson, Head of Research F-Secure Mikko Hipponen and head the same department «Kaspersky Lab »Evgeny Kaspersky. In case of emergency situations related to IT-systems, all countries of the «International Organization for multilateral cooperation against cyber-terrorism» (International Multilateral Partnership Against Cyber-Terrorism - IMPACT), «will be the rapid exchange of all available resources and knowledge».

IMPACT system will continuously monitor the Internet periodically make threats and expert reports. IMPACT - a non-profit structure, the idea of creation which was launched in May 2006, Prime Minister of Malaysia Abdullah Ahmad Badawi at the World Congress on Information Technology in Austin. He also announced then for it to grant $30 million to date in the work of representatives of government and commercial entities of 40 countries. As the only member of the expert council of Russia IMPACT Evgeny Kaspersky, this structure is the search and the introduction of the most effective ways to counter cyber crime, including in the banking sector. In addition to the prevention of IT-attacks, IMPACT is promoting the concept of a secure internet. This new building is an analogue of the American project Manhattan, but at the international level. Opening of the Center is scheduled for the end of 2008, when the city Kiberdzhayya (there is a built in 30 kilometers from Kuala Lumpur) to complete the construction of the buildings, the erection of which the Malaysian Government has allocated $16 million.


The Swedish Parliament adopted at first reading a law that allows the Technical Intelligence (FRA) to monitor all phone calls, SMS-and e-mail people in the country. For the adoption of the law voted in the parliamentary majority, represented by deputies of the coalition of bourgeois parties. In turn, representatives of Google and Telia Sonera said that in the case of the final adoption of this law will take their servers outside of Sweden. «This is possible only in Saudi Arabia and China, but not in a democratic country», - said one of the heads of Google, Peter Fleysher.

Swedish Ministry of Defense has attempted to establish a general surveillance of the population two years ago. Then it stopped at the cost of his life, director of the Swedish Security Police (SEPO) Klas Bergstrand. 22 December 2006 the Ministry of Defense sent to concerned authorities document proposes to introduce the country's total listening telekompyuternogo all communication with the outside world. The last working day before the two week Christmas vacation has been chosen not by chance - in law, government authorities have been obliged to express its views within two weeks, and only then the government could make a decision. Klas Bergstrand, seeing that the time to actually prevent the unconstitutional coup by other means not be posted on the site SEPO protested his service. After the scandal broke out the military draft was withdrawn from the agenda, but the Bergstrand, 22 January 2007, died of a heart attack. He was only 61 years, everyone knew him as a good athlete, had never complained of health problems. This same leadership SEPO protests are not states.


American employers find a way to monitor those employees who work from home. Electronic monitoring is built into the site, which helps programmers, network administrators, graphic designers, editors and other professionals and their clients around the world to find each other. The system makes random screenshots of your screen worker six times per hour, records keystrokes and mouse clicks, and can make shots for freelancers using web-camera. Each time is a screenshot, the bottom of the screen the worker выскакивает small icon. Customers may at any time enter into the system and see whether their contractors that they are doing and how much time they spent at work. Weekly accounts of customers are heavily dependent on these data. The Director-General of oDesk Gary Svort said that the customer who pays freelancers, likes to think: «You can not play Blackjack. You can not watch YouTube. Why? Because I watch for your work ». When one of the customers doubted overbuy invoice issued by freelancer screenshots check revealed that he watched over the internet Match cricket. An employee had to reduce the expense.

Peter Ueddl, author, consultant and researcher on employment sites, calls this trend «The big brother of the XXI century», which risks becoming «terribly intrusive». Skilled «not require that someone is constantly watching them over his shoulder». Although monitoring does not turn aside for a personal matter, many people are seeking to get rid of the need to dangle every day to work, that agree to this condition. One of the biggest competitors oDesk - Company - said that the installation «spyware software» - this is too much. Elance recently introduced its own monitoring system which allows the freelancer to document the work electronically, but control remains entirely in the hands of the worker. «We do not believe prudent to put the camera on your computer to make pictures and monitor every move», - said Director General of Elance Fabio Rosati. A few of their own programmers oDesk gone, when the company insisted that they work under the monitoring. At first you think: «Oh, this is Big Brother, and he watches», recognized Russell tweed, computer network administrator from Oregon working on oDesk. But he said that none of his clients from oDesk has not tried to control his every move during the work. One of the clients oDesk Julian Carroll - a consultant in the financial services area of Manhattan - contends that saves up to 25% of the time, using the services of freelancers - they are doing the work faster than contractors, which it found itself. The company oDesk, located in California, takes clients to 10% in excess of the amount paid freelancer. They said that their revenues for June 2008 on increased 2,8 times in comparison with the beginning of the year. In turn, the companies serving the call-centers, put «electronic leash» working from home for staff who take calls for companies engaged in retail trade, sale of travel tickets, etc. Call routing technology company, located in Florida, helps so firmly adhered to a telephone 8000 people working from home that they have to plan trips to the toilet for hours. But most quickly come to call workers to high productivity. In the independent members of Arise, working from home, there are incentives to take a lot of calls. Their basic salary starts from $8 an hour, but added the commission for selling cruises, computers, etc.


The British government is obliged to Internet service providers to use a unique system for storing data. With the help of so-called «black boxes» authorities plan to monitor all electronic communications and web-site attendance. These measures, taken in the name of security have already been recognized by many experts the most stringent in the world and led to complaints from the public. But even at the beginning of the year plans to track Internet traffic discussed in the meeting of representatives of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Great Britain and the country's leading providers - BT, AOL Europe, O2 and BSkyB. When the government has yet voiced plans to control the Internet, it is expected that the initiative in the form of the bill will come no earlier than 2009. But the decision was made earlier. Although quickly became apparent that the measures which, according to the authorities needed to combat serious crime and terrorism do not find favor with the public. Here is a typical view of a small Internet service provider: «siloviki say that they want to return to the situation (before the advent of the Internet), when, if necessary, to keep track of all correspondence in the country. But the difference is that the Internet authorities to spy on where a large number of people, studying their behavior in the network ».

Passport help?

The famous «ethical hacker» and the international expert on security Sebastian Schreiber believes that the best way to protect against network threats to Internet users will be the attribution of passports, IDs to enter the network. Here's what he said about this: «The best and perhaps the only solution to the problem of security on the Internet can be assigned to each network user a permanent ID. This idea has already expressed a Russian anti-virus developer Evgeny Kaspersky, and this is a good idea ». According to Schreiber, although the idea is good, it would be difficult to implement because it would require the support and concerted efforts of governments and leadership of large corporations. Since this may result in denial of freedoms of Internet users, such measures require good thinking and preparation. «Freedom in the Internet is important but not least, security», - said Sebastian Schreiber. Sam Schreiber prefers to call himself not an expert, and «ethical hacker». In his field of interest - testing of networks of large corporations, which is the subject of his business is based in Germany, the company SySS. Among the regular customers SySS usually mention SAP and Daimler Chrysler. The name of a few large customers, referring to the obligation of confidentiality, Schreiber does not disclose.

The need for radical measures to combat online threats, and indeed there is - this is reflected in record CSI Computer Crime and Security Survey. If, according to analysts at the beginning of the XXI century IB-threat distributed more or less evenly, with the bulk of them were classic viral and DDoS-attack is already in the 2007-m interest kiberprestupnikov completely shifted to the direct financial fraud, which This year the company have a maximum loss. Interestingly, while the worldwide damage from virus attacks in recent years has declined by a quarter - from $17.5 billion in 2004 to $13.3 billion in 2006-m. This is due to the massive shift from hackers virusopisatelstva to a more pragmatic ways of «money».

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