Sunday, August 8, 2010

Hide or protect?

One of the fairly traditional ways of concealing information from the eye, for which it is not intended to be its banal wrapping in a "black box" which will be tucked into the farthest on a shelf in the hope that under a mountain of other stuff nobody is interested. Oddly enough, this method is popular today in the protection of electronic documents...

By thinking about how perfect modern system of information protection, I was prompted recently occurred an incident involving U.S. military agencies, important documents which were made public site WikiLeaks.org. Defense Secretary Robert Gates said that "the consequences of disclosure of these documents may be difficult and dangerous for our troops, our allies and Afghan partners. They can damage our relationships and reputation in this key part of the world. Now, intelligence data collection methods, as well as military tactics and techniques will be known to our competitors".

That is, as you can see, the situation is more than serious - and certainly the data that has flowed from the Pentagon, were well protected, which, however, did not save the U.S. military from the machinations of insiders. In this case, it seems, an insider who has passed a scandalous site secret documents, had acted out of lust does not receive compensation for them, but because of some ideological reasons. Apparently, it did not work so the policy of secrecy, well protect such information from those who are willing to sell it to foreign intelligence.

Hide or ProtectThe main question is how could an active defense documents fail in this case is better than mere secrecy? Under the active protection here refers not simply limit access to documents, but also monitor the actions of employees (which is realized DLP-system), and even encrypted information. Obviously, each new level of protection all the more ideological fervor cools to an insider, especially a big credit for this belongs to the DLP-system - in fact, receiving the key, can retrieve secure cryptographic media. At the same time avoid DLP-system is not so easy - for it is not always a silent code, and the employee responsible for ensuring information security, which has all the powers to report on insider activity superiors. Of course, to ensure absolute protection against leaks of information to make just a Herculean effort, but certainly the number of utekshih documents on WikiLeaks would be much smaller.

Someone else's mistakes, we replace our own experience "to step on a rake", and a wise decision to learn from the mistakes of the Pentagon. Large-scale leakage of information, which ultimately will cost the U.S. government simply astronomical sum in dollars, allows anyone who underestimates the danger of leakage of information and the importance of utilizing DLP-systems, learn from someone else's bitter experience what can cause neglect of issues of information security . I think that after her many could learn and benefit from high-quality software products to protect their confidential information.

Game developers bullied.

Many suspect that the games in social networks - it is something from the category of silly fun. The developer Ian Bogost decided to prove it in practice. He created a deliberately dull game Cow Clicker and published it on Facebook. At this point in the game Cow Clicker There are about 20 thousand active users, the rating of 4.5 out of 5.

Developer Ian BogostEach player receives a cow and have to click the mouse on it every six hours. To get the right call more often, you can purchase additional credits for money. The social element is implemented through the neighboring cows, which can manage you invite users. If you have neighbors, your click is also added to their rating.

In his blog, Ian Bogost explains that this game was created as a result of a dispute that broke out at the recent Game Developers Conference 2010 between creators normal appearances and those working in the niche social networks. According to the first, the company Zynga and others like her are using design philosophy "F*** the Users", ie make the game, the main functionality which - draining money from the players.

Buy cheap advertising here!

Holograms in night clubs.

Since U.S. laws make it difficult maintenance of a normal strip club with girls dancing on the table, the club owners begin to think about using modern technology. For example, the company Digital Illusions has opened the world's first strip club with extremely holographic women. Club Lolita's Cantina began work on July 22 in Las Vegas.

Holograms Night ClubsOwners of clubs have already anticipate when the holographic technology can be translated as musicians, entertainers and other artists appearing on stage and demanding exorbitant fees. Nothing to be done, high technologies continue to raise the level of unemployment in developed countries - that's up to strippers have arrived.

Facebook can be purchased for $65 per share.

Trading Platform SecondMarket published statistics of trade in shares of private companies in the 2 quarter. 2010. This includes information about buying and selling shares, which are not traded on the open market. Seller was mostly former employees of companies.

In 2 quarter. 2010 turnover on the Stock Exchange fell to $51 million (though only in March, were sold at $70 million), but the average value of the shares continued to rise. For example, shares of Facebook have already offered for $65, while in April they can be bought for $50.

Facebook PurchasedShares Facebook constitute 64% of all traffic on the closed markets. Second place at Zynga (12%), followed by LinkedIn, Bloom Energy, and Silver Spring Networks (6%), Twitter and MobiTV (3%).

In the second quarter in the list to purchase the application appeared in the action eGarmony, Groupon, Skype and Mozilla Corporation, although the supply of shares in these companies is absent.

Is there a "Balmer discount" on shares of Microsoft?

Rumours that the top management of Microsoft began discussing the shift from his post Steve Ballmer CEO. The reason for this was a bad Dynamics Microsoft shares recently, because of which even Apple has pulled ahead in terms of capitalization.

Microsoft has a good financial results: an increase in revenue from Xbox, record sales of Windows 7, accumulating more than $20 billion in cash in the bank, but shares some reason feel worse than the market. According to some shareholders, capitalization effect "Balmer discount", which crushes the course. If the CEO will leave, the market may perceive it positively.

Steve Ballmer DiscountTalk about leaving Ballmer appeared after the recent corporate conference Microsoft Global Experience in Atlanta, which brought together 10 thousand employees Microsoft. Many of them had the impression that Steve is not the one he had lost his inspiration, and his speeches do not light as before. Some participants wrote about it in twitter, and other privately shared their impressions that Steve is the last conference of Microsoft Global Experience. The next year it will be gone.

Experts on condition of anonymity, said that with its products such as Kin, Bing and Zune, Microsoft looks "is not relevant in Silicon Valley".

Many agree that Ballmer is under pressure. However, his departure, there are several obstacles. In the first, Steve enjoys the unconditional trust of the Board of Directors. Secondly, in his place has not yet seen a worthy candidate. After the departure of Bill Gates was a lot of options, but now they do not, and post-CEO Microsoft, according to some, more like a dictatorship. It is also connected with a specific style of leadership inherent Ballmer, who is known for its rigidity and expressiveness. There is reliable evidence that in 2005, Ballmer threw a chair and used obscene language in his office when he learned that one of the programmers moving to Google.

Saturday, August 7, 2010

How to write a program for the iPhone (Part 1, Philosophical).

Today the iPhone - not just a popular device, but a real living legend. Legends of the walk and those who managed to earn astronomical programs for him, according to Belarusian standards, the sums of money. Where to start, so you got your piece of cake under the name iPhone/iPad?


Success stories

Starting without inspiration is not worth it, because programming is like art - even if you write a program solely to earn money with the help of money, not to self-realization, best of all it will be released in the case when she is called, " is the soul". Perhaps the best way in this case can motivate the history of those who have already achieved success on the field to build applications for "apple" devices.

How to write a program for the iPhone?So, here is the first of the success stories. Was working as a programmer at Sun Microsystems Ethan Nicholas, in a difficult financial situation because of the birth of her son, decided to try his luck and make money by selling their own games for "apple" communicator. In his own words, after the decision on her writing, within six weeks, he rocked his son with one hand while the other wrote the code on a completely unfamiliar language (this language will be discussed shortly). But as it turned out later, suffering Etana were not in vain: literally the first day after the publication of the game iShoot brought its creator two thousand dollars. Then, of course, selling "sagged", but after the release of stripped-down free version again risen to more than a decent level. And by the time the game moved into first place in popularity among iPhone-application and began to bring $37 thousand a day, Ethan, Nicholas managed to escape from Sun Microsystems and hire a nurse to his son.

However, this example, frankly, have not the most impressive, because the game for mobile platforms have always been in demand by users. iPhone opened this era entirely useless, but wildly successful mobile applications, which impressed with his success even journalists publications such as Forbes. Most, perhaps, a bright example of such a product - a program iSteam, which helps to create an imitation zaindeveniya screen device. The user blows into the microphone - depending on intensity of the resulting "wind" screen misted in many ways, and the resulting "frost" finger you can draw different patterns. What do you think, how much you can earn on such an application? It turns out that for the first month of sales of its creator Costas Eleftheria managed to get from users about $50 thousand, with the price of one copy at $0.99. Not a bit more useful and the other has become extremely popular among users of a program called iFart - although, perhaps, to entertain its user, it can be much better than iSteam. It is also iFart just one dollar, and for the money the user is a versatile tool to publish obscene sounds: burping, blowing your nose, farting... In her words are spelled Joel Comma, he was shocked when, after the publication of the program in AppStore catalog for the first ten days as it bought more than thirteen thousand people.

It inspires you? Well, we assume that the first step in creating applications for the iPhone we're done. Now let's talk about where to profiteer idea for creating a successful application.


In search of ideas

In fact, of course, to guess what kind of idea of "shoot", it is very difficult. Not the fact that today the same iFart and iSteam "gone" would be just as good as when they were written. At the same time, often you can guess what it will be interesting to users in the near future. A striking example of this would be another success story, which will help to understand what makes sense to align the development of iPhone/iPad-applications.

As you know, in America is very popular sport is baseball. This is obviously guess, and software vendors for "apple" device: during the American Association Baseball Championship, MLB has released an application MLB.com At Bat 2009, allowing fans to watch matches statistics, excerpts broadcast, etc. through their phones. The application cost $10 was purchased almost 130 thousand times, bringing the association over a million dollars net profit.

Attached to any widely publicized sports events or other types of events - a good enough strategy, but it is important to remember that competition in this niche is very high. In general, to give an idea about the tastes of users and trends in this area can monitor popular applications in the AppStore for some time. It is not worth while to rush immediately to write what is on Top - better track the program, which quickly rise from bottom to top, and try to write something along the same lines as the user preferences - a thing quite unstable, and while you're write their applications, those who were at the peak of popularity, may be already worthless.

And, of course, if you have an idea, which arose from the use of PDA, then it makes sense to implement it in the first place - as the experience of thousands of programmers who managed to make good money own mind, it is an application whose ideas were "the suffering" authors from the beginning to the finish, usually become the most popular and successful.


Do yourself iPhone?

A very important question that arises from beginner iPhone-developer, is whether there is a need for the phone itself. Needless to say, the question is not idle. Cost iPhone involuntarily raises a simple programmer, not yet earned his million dollars on the calendar baseball games or the regular variation on the theme of "Tetris", especially if the programmer has not yet left the college. Shall I take a loan and buy all the same device in the calculation of future profits? Or is it better to try to do an emulator, because not every Tetris makes its creator a wealthy man?

Of course, other things being equal, with "iPhones" in the hands of the development will more fun and better than without it. Because no matter how well was not an emulator, it still will not show you all the subtleties of movement of fingers across the screen, that is, an interface is not as good as the design with the use of the device. Again, no one has repealed and the usual inherent in the development of any software mysticism - especially the mystical "not working", although the idea does not work simply can not by definition. Needless to say, that even just to learn about the problems when they occur (if the device itself is absent), will from end users. Well, frankly, would force them to treat you not as good as we would like. Again, in the process of using the communicator may have some ideas about creating applications for it, which is also an unequivocal "yes" in favor of the acquisition iPhone.

However, if the iPhone really is too heavy for you to purchase, then, in principle, can try their luck and with the emulator. Another thing that happened today nxa market is the fourth generation of these devices, and it is quite possible to do what is called a "horse course" and buy a used camera of one of the earlier generations, which will cost significantly cheaper than the store. You can go even further and do not buy the communicator, and player iPod Touch, which has the same soft stuffing, like the iPhone, but without the "phone" functions and is somewhat cheaper "apple phone".

It must be said that the purchase of iPhone application development under it is justified even for the reason that, in essence, the developer put in enough greenhouse conditions - it is invited, in fact, a single device from one manufacturer with known hardware and software filling . Once designed interface (which, incidentally, will perform at the level of "guidance from the designers of Apple), a developer can forget about its testing on the screens of dozens of different devices - different in size and brightness, the touch-sensitive user ... In fact, developing applications for iOS (namely the so-now called the operating system used in portable devices, Apple), a developer is not confronted and a half of all the difficulties that await those who write software for other popular mobile system - Symbian, Windows Mobile, Android... Of course, if the application is "shot" on AppStore, it will make sense to think about writing a version for these mobile platforms, but it is down to a distant prospect. On the difficulties of porting iPhone-application to other systems, will need to think when there is a real threat facing them face to face.

So if you really develop applications for the "iphone", it still makes sense to buy some devays with iOS, the more so now able to do so, even with limited budget is not too little.

Well, this "philosophical" part of the conversation about creating applications for iPhone is finished - the next time we pass to the technical part.

10 interesting facts about Microsoft.

When and how did the name Microsoft?1. When and how did the name Microsoft?

For the first time the company name appeared in the correspondence of the two co-founders - Bill Gates and Paul Allen. The future is the richest man on earth shared the opinion that the name should reflect the essence of business - a symbiosis of "iron" and "a software" entities (Micro-Soft). This name and has become established formally. Then the partners have registered a new company in the state of New Mexico, where they would work on its first customer - Micro Instrumentation and Telemetry Systems, stationed in Albuquerque.


2. Who composed "Ringtone Microsoft"?

Melodious warble when you start Windows OSes, first appeared in Windows 95 and continues to accompany the more modern version of the platform. Author melodies became famous composer and producer Brian Eno, who worked with U2, David Bowie and other prominent performers. In the words of Ino, compose a melody to run the OS it was for him the task akin to "create a small gem".

What love is Microsoft employees?3. What love is Microsoft employees?

The company's management is wise and provides its employees free meals and drinks. In the offices of the company each year is consumed 23 million servings of beverages. The most popular of them - milk and orange juice. But the greatest demand from the food enjoyed pizza: it can be tasted in any of 35 cafes on campus.


4. How Microsoft encrypts your software products?

How to write a Russian journalist, Longhorn, Lone Star and Vienna - this is not the name of special operations to enforce peace, but only code names of operating systems from Microsoft. According to company managers, public relations help obscure names for new products. So, Mohave Project immediately attracted the attention of the public, though later turned out to be Windows 7.


5. How many years of Microsoft employees and how much they receive?

Microsoft has called a softie. In total the company employs 88,180 of the most softie. 50 thousand listed as an American office. Most of them are men (76%). Their average age 38 years, and the average annual income - $106 thousands.


6. As Microsoft employees celebrating their anniversaries?

Festive feast dedicated to the anniversary of the work - not only the Russian folk tradition. It is and the staff of Microsoft. Only instead of cake and drink for the celebration of colleagues held by the crunch of chocolate candy M & M's. The celebrated officer must "put down" one of a pound of candy for each year of work.


7. Microsoft nine times pounded their shares?

Splitovat shares - enough common technique for a company whose securities are quickly becoming more expensive. This maneuver is justified in order to make the shares more accessible to the general population. Microsoft spent split nine times since its release to the stock exchange in 1986. If she has not done that, each paper was released during the IPO, would cost now $6 thousand.


8. Microsoft - is not just software?

Few people know that Microsoft - is not only a company of software development, but also the largest corporate art collector. The total number of works of art acquired by the company, is now around 5 thousand is painting, sculpture, works of modern authors, including multimedia art. Most of the exhibits on display at the 150 office buildings of the company. In the opinion of management, communication with the works of art helps employees relieve stress.

How to take a job at Microsoft9. How to take a job at Microsoft?

Manager's easy to unsettle request to solve the case on his profile subject, but abstract questions can put in a deadlock. For Microsoft this is particularly true. When a candidate is asked why Manhole cover doing a round, he lost and did not know what to say. They say that the tradition of asking tricky questions borrowed and Google. Thus, the two companies to examine the candidates ability to think outside the box, that is very important in the development of software.


10. Microsoft has more than 10 thousand patents?

Microsoft, with its 10 thousand patents among the five largest U.S. patent. Most of them are true, of course, to the field of software. The founders of the company on a special account. In addition to the prize in $1,5 thousand for each patent, the employee receives a wooden "plaque" and a certificate confirming his genius.

Saturday, July 31, 2010

What is an intranet?

This term is used by IT professionals often enough, but not always correctly interpreted by users. So it makes sense to discuss it.

Under the intranet is usually understood to a local area network (detailed, for example, within an organization), based on the same technical solutions as the "big" Internet, that is, based on the IP-protocols. In their own corporate intranet contains information resources - corporate portal, corporate forum, corporate bulletin board, etc. They are implemented in such a way as to be accessible only to internal users (employees of the organization), but are accessed using a conventional browser.

It is worth noting that although the above at all times referred to the intranet as a corporate network, in practice this internal network can exist not only in organizations but also, say, in the dormitories or in private homes. And absolutely not necessary that the intranet was organized in some sort of separate geographically localized place - through the use of a VPN (Virtual Private Networks, VPN) access to intranet resources can receive and those who live overseas.

Naturally, the resources available for HTTP/HTTPS, - are not the only services that are used in the intranet. Also, users with "a reduced copy of the Internet" is usually available internal e-mail (SMTP and POP3/IMAP), the internal file servers (FTP), and in many cases operating under the corporate network instant messenger, VoIP-system.

Intranet services are simply convenient for work, so today and got a very widespread practice around the world. Current Intranet solutions allow organizations using them to save on their implementation by eliminating the need to install additional software on client workstations staff, and, moreover, intranet services rather convenient in cases when users are working under different operating systems, as an intranet technologies are inherently cross-platform. Of course, the intranet itself needs serious protection from unauthorized external access, as well as some additional effort on the part of system administrators, but it's all be more than compensated the advantages that it offers.

News For Developers - 10

Microsoft has released an updated version of its subsidiary set of developer tools called Visual Studio 2010 Productivity Power Tools. Among the main differences between the new version should be noted the new ability to selectively disable individual add-ins and Solution Navigator tool for easy navigation of code complex multicomponent solutions. Now users of Visual Studio 2010 have the discretion to enable and disable add-ins. Besides, now all options for add-ins are configured through a single dialog. Utility Solution Navigator provides the user with the support dialogue, which operates in the same way as a more powerful tool Solution Explorer, designed for professional project management in software development. Community Center Solution Navigator can easily deploy the files with the code for easy transition to fit classes, as well as quickly find members of the classes within the class you want. Solution Navigator also offers users a search by code, the filtering project, view information about the classes, as well as preview images. Compared with Service Solution Explorer, the utility lacks only the simultaneous selection of several objects and drag elements. The new Quick Access to a set of Productivity Power Tools offers users a tool box for finding and executing the most popular teams integrated development environment. Function Automatic Brace Completion (automatic closing brackets) improves productivity when writing code by automatically inserting closing code constructions, when opening constructions for typed languages, Visual Basic or C #. In addition, the new version of Productivity Power Tools contains fixes for tools from the previous version, for example, the corrected function Searchable Add Reference (adding links, indexed for searching), and color highlighting in the Help options. In addition, the function is now supported by cutting and copying the code in HTML.

The company Canonical, the developer of the popular Linux-Distribution Ubuntu, today announced a virtual application, based on the relational database IBM DB2. With the new application, you can quickly create Web services that work with databases in the private or public cloud computing. Service is already available for use, it is based on server OS Ubuntu Linux Server 10.04 with pre-configured IBM DB2 Express-C, free of charge. As a result, users can work with systems like Amazon EC2, with a set of open source software, which is a full-fledged alternative to Microsoft SQL Azure. The new version contains all the necessary tools to communicate with the infrastructure Ubuntu Enterprise Cloud (UEC), created on the basis of open source software Eucalyptus. Users can create new solutions as its own cloud solutions that are compatible with Amazon EC2, and IT-system within this public cloud service.

The Apache Tomcat announced the release of version 7.0.0 - first version of Java EE 6, said Linux.org.ru. Issue noteworthy as follows: specification implemented Servlet 3.0, JSP 2.2 and EL 2.2; made a serious cleaning of code is implemented to detect and prevent memory leaks in web applications, it became possible inclusion of external content in an application (aliasing). Apache Tomcat - a web server and application server for a long time former official RI (reference implementation), Web-based Java. Recently, baton relay intercepted Project GlassFish, but despite this, Tomcat is not going to fall behind.

One of the leading engineers of Google - Rob Pike - spoke at a conference O'Reilly Open Source Convention (OSCON) and believed the corporation of modern languages and the development site C + + and Java on them, according to the same source. Pike said about these industrial whales very negatively, describing them as wordy, overly complex and inappropriate for use in solving problems of modern computing infrastructure. "I think that these languages are too complicated to use, too difficult to understand, too complicated. They are very wordy, their complexity, the complexity and incomprehensibility increases with time", - said Rob.

According to the same source, was released PHP 5.3.3, which includes official support for PHP-FPM (FastCGI Process Manager SAPI) and a large number of bug fixes (the result of the action "Month of PHP Security"). The inclusion in the mainline patches from php-fpm.org opens up prospects for widespread alternative to apache + mod_php5 decisions - such combinations as nginx + php-fpm or lighttpd + php-fpm, allowing for better performance of Web applications.

Add-in Express Ltd Announces Add-in Express 2009 for Office and VCL 5.3.507 - new version of the VCL class library for creating add-ins are compatible with the architecture of COM Add-in applications, MS Office, said DelphiPlus. Also out Add-in Express 2009 for Office and. NET version 5.3.2030 - class library for creating add-ins are compatible with the architecture of COM Add-in MS Office applications on Delphi.NET, C #, J #, VB, C + +, Security Manager 2010 for Microsoft Outlook Version 6.0.1027 Public Hotfix - Library for the effective management of the Outlook Security Outlook add-in and programs that integrate with Outlook.

Virtualization Reality

If ten years ago you told someone that he could be put behind bars because of the comments on a blog or post on the forum, people would laugh at you and walked away. Today, it is no longer funny - than, as they say, farther into the forest, the more cyber space penetrates all our lives and the more potential trouble can bring such penetration...

In fact, more than logical. The Internet has become a very important part of society, which is already being called the post-industrial, and most important resource in this society is no longer gold and even oil, and information. But property information such that it can not sell its weight ", as sold at traffic megabytes ISPs. The cost of one megabyte of information can vary from zero (when the megabyte - a meaningless "noise" or simply "zeros") to almost infinity (eg, per megabyte which some secret information to the Pentagon). And for a society where information is not just an important commodity, and perhaps most important, treat her with respect, or, indeed, even with awe, quite naturally. And if someone earns in the sale of information, it is natural that he would use all its capabilities to deal with those who receive this information free of charge - which, strictly speaking, and make the holders the rights to music and movies.

As the Internet today is much more populous place than it was ten years ago, it is logical and change the attitude of the authorities of most countries to the statements by the World Wide Web. If before throwing mud and not very well known citizens in the World Wide Web were rarely subject to public attention, but now thanks to the instantaneous response of the Internet community at virtually any network developments and trends to reduce the anonymity of each individual Internet user for his statements really have to follow more closely . Examples of what is really needed "to keep my ears open, becomes greater with each passing day - not just last week, the Moscow City Court upheld the decision on which blogger Michael Verbitsky must pay 40 thousand rubles for the trainer Yuri Kuklachev accusation of the use of electric shocks during dressing cats. And so this kind of litigation in the West and did not find.

What will happen next? It is possible that the day is near when the example of many European countries (including the not so distant from us in Estonia) for each inhabitant of our planet will be a plastic card - an electronic copy of his personality, giving him the right to literally all - of receive their money in the bank (and cash at the time was obviously not remain) to travel in public transport. And then there really will be a big headache that today, many experts predict security - identity theft. " Even today, having some idea of the state systems, create virtual people is no more difficult than virtual firms "phony", and to conduct on behalf of many operations. Further there will be even easier - apparently it is this is one of the main risks of further virtualization of the surrounding reality. However, as it will in fact, of course, only time will show...

In Russia are preparing a law on the Internet

July 5th State Duma deputy from the "United Russia" Robert Schlegel has published in his blog the text of the draft law on the internet. Rather, it is about 30 pages of amendments to the law "On information, information technology and information security. On July 7, had already been officially declared that the working group of the Duma committee on information policy, prepared a draft law regulating the use of the Internet in Russia.


Changes for the better

Duma amendments to the law "On information, information technology and information security for the first time in the history of Russian law-introduce such basic concepts as" global computer networks "and" operator of a web-site. " They also determine the limits of jurisdiction of national legislation on the World Wide Web. It is known that the Duma bill will be introduced no earlier than autumn, when he sent to the presidential administration and government.

The Working Group is predicated on Internet law, an initiative of United Russia. Its composition gives the hope that Russia will avoid the strict controls and restrictions on the web. Among the developers of the new version of the law - the secretary of the Union of Journalists of Russia Mikhail Fedotov (author of the current law on mass media), the head of the UNESCO Chair at the Higher School of Economics Astamur Tedeev, editor in chief of Moskovsky Komsomolets, Pavel Gusev, and "guru Runet Anton Nosik.

The main idea of legislative changes is as follows: in RuNet can do the same thing in real life. Made clear: any attempt to impose additional restrictions are illegal. Also, there should be no restrictions on the rights of Internet businesses and individuals out of court: any limitation is only with court approval. The bill states that: "The transfer of information through global computer networks with no restrictions - if it does not violate the law, and responsibility for the information it carries a direct distributor, but not the operator, providing access to the network."

In this business relationship in the web under the jurisdiction of Russian law, if their object is the property located on the territory of Russia, a party in such relationships are natural and legal persons - residents of Russia. Let me explain: if the owners of the site - the Russians, and their server - on foreign hosting, they still are responsible for your site.

However, Minkomsvyazi prepared an alternative bill - it is significantly expands the powers of police and security services when working with providers and web-sites and in many respects similar to the Belarusian Decree № 60. In particular, the document proposes that all ISPs and registrars to suspend domain name on the letter of the law enforcement agency and restrict user access to information in the web of the Prosecutor. However, as analysts have noticed, the de facto in RuNet these standards are already working.


More

Duma developers' law on the Internet "took care of that bill give users as much as possible the rights that previously had not been legislated. For this purpose, in particular, legislators changed the terms used in the previous version of the document - some concepts removed, while others have added. For example, given the improved definition of "information", the term "information-telecommunications network, replace" global computer network ", introduced the concept of the site operator and the operator access to the global network (ISP). True, and not a definition of the word "site".

Article 12, devoted to the basics of state regulation in the IT-field, now states that one purpose of government - ensuring its citizens unhindered access to information technologies and networks. Also, the State must ensure that the rights and lawful interests of users of the Internet and other computer technologies.

In this state regulation would be aimed at ensuring the inviolability of property, freedom and economic activity, and another to his will "expand the penetration of global computer networks in Russia."

Article 16 prohibits the public authorities to adopt "regulations, abolishing or restricting the rights of users and providers. Also, you can not enter non-law "On information" duties, prohibit access to the web and change the definitions which are contained in the law.

Article 18 introduces the concept of "information practices and netiquette." If such "custom" does not violate the law of Russia, then they are given to self-regulation to the Internet community.

The question of whether the provider and have hoster responsibility for the information disseminated by the user, is solved explicitly: "No, do not bear.

MPs expect a draft law that would support Dmitry Medvedev, is their version of the changes in the RF Law "On information, information technology and information security. At the same hopes, it seems, and an absolute majority runetchikov. But there are still many questions. For example, it is unclear how innovations are consistent with SORM system that allows intelligence agencies obtain information in the telecommunication network without notifying the court.


Prehistory

For the first time, Russian deputies tried to "regulate the Internet in 2000. Then the State Duma Committee on Information Policy attempted to hold public hearings on this issue and develop a bill acceptable to all. But the idea fell through - the cyber space, and Russian lawmakers have existed in different dimensions.

In 2008, experts Vladimir Gorzhaltsan and Yuri Temples presented their model law "On the Internet". The status of the model meant that the document - just a compilation of recommendations for the subjects of the federation, who want to do legislative regulation web. However, wary of any activity relating to the state in the network of Russian Internet community has adopted the document "in arms".

But now all in their stride - the same online community believed that the current Russian president, happen that did not give the Internet to insult.

Version now before the legislative changes, Mikhail Fedotov and Robert Schlegel, briefly described the journalists at the beginning of this year. Then they, in particular, have recognized that refused to clearly articulated standards of conduct in any given situation, but simply codified the basic principles of Runet.

Buy cheap advertising here!

Thursday, July 22, 2010

Successes Apple

Apple announced financial results for the third quarter of 2010 financial year ended 26 June 2010 record revenues of U.S. $ 15.7 billion and net quarterly profit - 3.25 billion dollars, or 3.51 per diluted share. Company's revenue for the same quarter the previous year amounted to 9.73 billion dollars and net quarterly profit - 1.83 billion, or 2.01 per diluted share. Gross margin was 39.1 percent, which exceeds the figures for the same quarter last year (40.9 percent). International sales accounted for 52 percent of quarterly revenue.

For the quarter, Apple sold 3.47 million PCs Mac - 33 percent more than in the corresponding quarter last year. The company sold 8.4 million iPhone - 61 per cent more than in the corresponding quarter last year. Quarterly iPod sales totaled 9.41 million units, up 8 per cent less than in the corresponding quarter last year. The company began selling iPad during the quarter, total sales of which amounted to 3.27 million

In the U.S., closed nine pirate movie sites.

Immigrant and U.S. Customs Service (ICE) «dismantled" nine major pirate streaming movie sites, which laid out movies in just a few hours after the premiere show.

Closed Movie SiteThis is only part of the anti-piracy initiative called "Operation on our sites," which began to ICE and the District Attorney of the Southern New York. Promoting law enforcement has the American Association for film companies.

Eliminated the following domain names: Movies-links.TV, nowmovies.com, thepiratecity.org, filespump.com, planetmoviez.com, zml.com, tvshack.net, ninjavideo.net и thisninja.net.

Sites earned from advertising, and some of them even begged donations. Federal authorities have frozen the assets of 15 accounts. The searches conducted in several states.

The head of ICE, John Morton explained that the number of illegal movie sites has increased dramatically recently in the U.S. and abroad. For some of them is organized crime. Recently, Hollywood has recognized these resources to their main enemy, giving the unfortunate filesharing respite.

Mr. Morton contends that the closed sites have attracted "millions and millions of users on a monthly basis, cost American companies billions of dollars and hundreds of thousands of jobs. Yes, the new pirate resources will still appear, but an admirer of Rabelais said that the promotion they will need at least a year. But we'll see.

Recently, the U.S. government has an extensive program to protect intellectual property. Perhaps it is the first fruits.


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Thursday, April 29, 2010

Success IT-industry and attack from the east.

According to estimates analyst firm Gartner, worldwide PC sales in a quarter of 2010 increased by 27.4% to 84.3 million units. This means that the results of the quarter exceeded even the most optimistic forecasts. And, it's interesting - personalok sales grew not only in developing countries (as expected), but also in developed countries, where users have changed your PC for the transition to Windows 7.

Previously it was thought that the PC market will grow by 22%, mainly due to developing countries. However, in developed markets much earlier than expected, revealed a tendency to repleysmentu - replacing old PCs with new ones. The impetus for repleysmentu became, in particular, the launch of Windows 7. Now, Gartner analyst Mikako Kitagawa said that the influence of the G-PC sales will be felt until early 2011-th.

With regard to specific PC manufacturers, the market leader is HP with a share of 18.2%. Second - Acer c 14.2%, third - Dell with 12.1%. Close to the first three crept Chinese Lenovo.

PC Market really recovers very briskly - but this, unfortunately, can not be said about the server market. It is understandable: personalki - consumer product, and servers - infrastructure. Infrastructure is always updated slower consumer segment. According to IDC, in 2010 server market (for money) will grow by 2.4%. In general, analysts ascertain the demand for cheaper system standard architecture, and predicted market recovery in the coming years.

But the market will rise slowly: in the period from 2009 to 2014 the average annual revenue growth will be only 0.3%, while the volume of supply - 4.9%. Indicator pre-crisis 2007 ($19 billion) market will not be soon.

According to experts, now the biggest prospects - with blade servers. From 2009 till 2014 the first annual average growth of this segment was 13.9% in value and 20.5% in quantitative terms. And already in 2014 blade system will take 28.5% of the server market in money and 33% in numerical terms.

I recall that in 2009 a monetary server market sank 26.4% - a record drop in history - to $12.8 billion, with supplies of servers fell by 23.6% - up to 2 million units.

The Chinese company Tencent Holdings unexpectedly made a record investment in the Web - it has over $300 million bought the stake in the largest Russian Internet fund Digital Sky Technologies (DST). Now Tencent receives 10.26% of preferred shares of DST and 0.51% of voting shares, as well as the right to nominate one candidate to the Board of Directors of the Fund. To date, Tencent investment in DST - the largest financial investment in Runet.

In the unanimous opinion of market participants, the Chinese Internet entrepreneurs intend to obtain at least partial control of the successful Internet company owned by DST. President of the Chinese company, Liu, Martin said that the deal with DST needs Tencent, "to benefit from the rapidly growing Internet market in Russia". In turn, DST will be able to use the technical and business expertise Tencent to strengthen its leading position in Russia.

Independent Russian experts believe that the decision Tencent enter into the shareholders DST influenced the recent deal to acquire Mail.ru manufacturer online games Astrum Online Entertainment. Tencent earns the big money in online games in China. In Russia, this market is growing rapidly and has enormous potential.

I must say that even in 2008, the U.S. government, Germany, France and some other developed countries have not emphasized is quietly searching for ways of how to restrict Chinese investment in their economies. Reason is simple: fast wealthy Podnebesnya hands of their businesses literally "on top" is buying the European and American manufacturing, paying particular attention to is the sphere of high technologies. That is modern China is not only earns sewing T-shirts "Guchi" and sneakers "Addidass", but quickly takes control of global IT, biotechnology, telecommunications, energy technologies, etc.

And the money for total purchase of such assets the Chinese have. China's GDP in one quarter of this year grew by 11.9%, showing a record pace over the past three years - reported by the State Statistical Bureau of China. The country's economy could quickly recover from the sharp decline in exports in the crisis of 2009 m and thanks to anti-crisis package state, as well as increased lending to accelerate GDP growth.

In the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, believe that in 2010 the economy will grow by a record 16%, if the incentive program is not minimized. For comparison: in 2008 China's economy grew in volume by 9%.

For reference: a program to stimulate the economy valued at $585 billion was accepted by the Chinese government to combat the effects of the economic crisis. Since the State has tried to soften the effect of a sharp fall in export volumes. However, despite this decline, by the end of 2009, China became the largest exporter in the world, overtaking Germany. In the 1 quarter of 2010 China increased its exports by 29%.

Now on economic terms, China has ranked third in the world after USA and Japan. But this year the Chinese economy can bypass the Japanese. According to the results of 2009, Japan's GDP totaled $5.1 trillion, while China's GDP - $4.9 trillion.

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Battle

It seems carefree existence torrents and sharing services comes to an end. And the question here is not even on nabivshem nauseam The Pirate Bay. This year, the torrent trackers were persecuted all over the world - even in countries where nothing like this has never happened - for example, in Russia. But the most unpleasant - fighters for copyrights launched a massive attack on users of torrents, presenting the tens of thousands of lawsuits. Downloading files with torrents? Then they come to you!


Start hostilities

"Full-scale hostilities" began in late 2009. In November worn harassment The Pirate Bay tracker is closed and moved to the technology ligament (magnet-links + DHT). At the same time the largest torrent tracker Mininova court decision had to be removed from its database all the illegal content. Creator torrent tracker isoHunt judged by threatening to jail. Anti-piracy group BREIN of the Netherlands announced that during 2009 she was able through the courts to close 393 torrent tracker. But the volume of traffic pirated content decreased towards the end of the year is very small - in fact, experts estimate that only existed in the world of 30 thousand to 50 thousand torrent trackers.


Shooting windows

February 16 this year, the investigation department of Chertanovskaya district of the Moscow City Prosecutor's Office decided to suspend the domain delegation Torrents.ru. The formal reason - a case that occurred just before. Then, prosecutors detained in Moscow, a young computer geeks, who tried to sell to customers (figurehead, as it turned out) a pirated copy of the package Autodesk AutoCAD 2009. The young man asked for the installation of "pirates" of 1.500 rubles, while the official cost of licenses - more than 100 thousand Russian rubles. During the interrogation, the young man admitted that he downloaded the hacked distro with Torrents.ru.

torrent trackersFeb. 19 at the site of the Investigative Committee at the Prosecutor's Office (UPC), Russia appeared official announcement: "Torrents.ru was closed under a criminal investigation of illegal use of copyright instituted for the crime under Article 146 of the Criminal Code. Aggrieved parties in the case are companies 1C and Autodesk. [...] According to the results of the preliminary investigation the prosecutor's office concluded that the torrent tracker repeatedly in large and very large amount of infringing the copyrights of companies-software developers. " Formally Torrents.ru was closed "at the time of the preliminary investigation."

For Russia this is a precedent. Blogosphere literally exploded on the protection Torrents.ru were thrown all forces, including an open letter to the president asking to restore the domain delegation. Under the treatment the first day signed by more than 12 thousand people.

It seems that the least experienced administration Torrents.ru. A few hours after the closure of service fully started work on a new address Rutracker.org. This was reported in a special mailing list, and 10 million users of the BitTorrent tracker again have access to free software, music and movies.

Soon, a similar attack law enforcers held in respect RGhost iFolder.ru. Just arrived to remove the server - and embarrassed to learn that these servers a lot, and take out all at once just physically impossible. It was then decided to seal them. However, in the near future and this RGhost regained its work.

A March 10 in Russia Expert Council Culture Ministry rejected the draft amendments to the Civil Code, providing for sanctions for ISPs for providing access to illegal content. Actually, the Russian Code of Administrative Offences and the Criminal Code now allows to prosecute providers, through a network which will download illegal content. But for this we must prove that the provider condone the offense with intent, and the first to warn him. And access to the resources of counterfeit content can be blocked only by court.

However, supporters rejoice in the free exchange of information was too early.


Carpet bombing

Failing to achieve the desired result of the attack on torrents.ru and iFolder.ru, Internal Affairs of Moscow has decided to transfer the focus of attack on ordinary users who download free pirated content with the torrent of resources. At a press conference on 24 March, the Chief Economic Crimes Division of Internal Affairs of Moscow Nikolay Nazimok said: "The web dangerous that form a network of networks. Downloading movies from the resource, you become distributors of these products to other users.

However, Russian law enforcers while clearly quite weak imagine how they will pursue the simple users of torrents. But the model of such a mass attack on users of torrents already piloted in the United States. Organization US Copyright Group (represents the interests of independent film producers) filed charges against 20 thousand direct American users sharing services. Interestingly, all of them were charged with illegal distribution of all five films. And not some blockbusters (as you would expect), but low-budget movies, which you are unlikely to go to the cinema. This "Steam Experiment", "Uncross the Stars", "Gray Man", "Call of the Wild 3D" and "Far Cry".

Each of the 20 thousand respondents were presented with five statements of claim - for each of the tapes. Plaintiffs need to remove from the PC illegal copies of downloaded movies and cover court costs. And in the case of a court order - to pay compensation producers. In addition, lawyers US Copyright Group promised in case of successful completion of 20 thousand direct proceedings in the courts of claims relating to the other five films, against the other 30 thousand users.

Observers have noted that this is more like a kind of rehearsal or, rather, on developing the technology of legal prosecution (I should say - of terror) users of torrent trackers. Here, however, raises some critical issues. For example, this: suits brought against individual users. But where does US Copyright Group of private data? Are they all true? How can I prove that these people downloaded and distributed pirated media content?

According to U.S. media, experts US Copyright Group to identify users, pirates have used technology developed by German company GuardaLey IT. It allows you to track the flow of data and records the IP-address file-sharing participants. Yet until now the practice of determining the user name by IP-address is quite questionable. In general, it comes in this case the matter to court and how it can result - is completely unclear.

Clearly more. The new strategy of fighters with torrents - the legal prosecution of users of these services.


Frightened

Trying to avoid reprisals, some Internet companies themselves are beginning to act in a manner like the defenders of copyright. For example, the popular file-hosting service RapidShare has recently started to close the accounts of users who laid out and download pirated content. Formally, this happens as a result of violations of the rules of resource utilization.

This is very disturbing news just because RapidShare - one of the largest repositories of files on the web. Indeed, many users often use it for posting content that is copyrighted - music, movies, computer games and software. Accordingly, against RapidShare has repeatedly been allegations of copyright infringement. And some courts have lost the file hosting. But until now to volunteer hunting is not reached.


Summary

Finally give opinions Magnus Eriksson - founder Piratbyran, a Swedish NGO, which created The Pirate Bay:

- Copyright and deception associated with this concept and created a battle front, where the conflict takes place at various levels. My prediction: This fight would go beyond the two current members - rights holders and file-sharing participants. For example, a conflict with Google Books, or the question of how to divide the money, which brings kollaboratsionnye projects - all conflicts in the area of copyright. Now there are so many opportunities for file sharing, that this issue will not be unambiguously resolved in the near future.

Cheapest music online store in the USA.

Wednesday, April 28, 2010

What is smartbuk?

That is a netbook, smartphone and, guess (and even, perhaps, no clue, but knows with certainty), the vast majority of readers of "IT SECTOR". I'd venture that a large proportion of readers are the owners of such devices. But the word "smartbuk", which is like a hybrid of those two words not familiar to all, let alone possess such devaysa just a few units. Therefore, in our traditional FAQ section today we talk about smartbukah.

smartbukSmartbukom is a device which is easy to guess, it combines the features of the laptop and smartphone. However, this does not mean that smartbuk can be used for telephone calls to GSM or CDMA-networks. Just these devices, as opposed to netbooks, have built-in 3G-ins that allow you to sit on the internet even when away from your Wi-Fi access point. This smartbuki usually several smaller netbooks and, accordingly, have smaller dimensions, less processing power and lower cost. Also smartbuki usually based on the processor architecture ARM - in fact, originally it was in the processor architecture is the fundamental distinction between netbooks and smartbukami. As in his time he said the company Xandros, "smartbuk - is the same netbook, but the architecture of ARM (from Qualcomm and Freescale) with integrated 3G, 10-hour battery life and low cost." In addition to Qualcomm and Freescale, ARM-processors for smartbukov now offer companies such as Broadcom, Samsung, TI, Marvell, VIA, Nvidia.

The term "smartbuk" was introduced by Qualcomm, which provided the first such device in 2008. It is worth noting that, as is the case with netbooks, found a company that demanded prohibit operation of this name as a registered trade mark, but in this case it was not a Psion, a company which is called - Smartbook AG. However, as is the case with netbooks, the situation was resolved.

Due to the fact that smartbuki use architecture ARM, not Intel, one of the key features of this kind of devices is their lack of the Windows operating system as such. Microsoft at one time seemed to be even thought of doing a version of its system for ARM-processors, but then it all somehow died down smoothly. So now buyers are offered only smartbukov various GNU/Linux distributions, and "younger sister" Windows - Windows CE. Also, recently appeared on the market smartbuki operating system Google Android.

So far smartbuki not received such wide distribution and popularity, as netbooks, which most experts regarded as their main competitors. The point, according to those same experts, in the protracted waiting sufficiently powerful processor architectures ARM, which should just about come to the mass market. Thus, as the improvement of ARM processor smartbuki will gradually replace the more expensive and less convenient netbooks, and by 2015 the world there will be more than 160 million such devices. However, today there are too many models smartbukov from different manufacturers, including such well-known companies such as Lenovo, Sharp, ECS.

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... And still they hurt!

Social networks are harmful to health! Yes, yes, hurray! Now all those who fought for their ban, and all system administrators, denies access to them may see themselves as a real fighter for a cause. However, let's see whether all so simple...

The fact that computers in general for health is not very useful, no one in doubt. The damaged eyesight and posture, various diseases that arise due to sedentary lifestyles, and even mental disorders - that just could not be imputed to a standard personal computer! And social networks, devouring time, those who sit at computers, consume with the times and the health of these unfortunates. But, as the news published and replicated online media last week, the harm to health from social networks is expressed not only in this ...

social networksAs discovered by specialists from Columbia University and the company MixedInk, social networks have made very significant contributions to the formation of a variety of Semi-Medical myths and spreading false information about diseases and medicines with which these diseases are treated. Experts have tracked more than 52 thousand messages through blogs on the popular social site, which refers to different antibiotics. The results were impressive: More than a 700 of them medical information was completely false. This concerns both information about the dosage of medicines, as well as data on the indications for their use.

The mechanism of this kind of misinformation is extremely simple. Imagine that the owner of one of the popular social network ekauntov suddenly started cold with all the characteristic symptoms: cough, runny nose, fever, weakness, etc. He forced himself gets to your computer and writes a status message along the following lines: I can not, I'm dying, tell a good antibiotic! Naturally, wishing to suggest something to cure a favorite author is a lot, but not everyone is not something that medical education, but even the basic idea of the different medications. Thus, some councils are known to be wrong, to the same people, after reading these tips, start to propagate false information or to apply it in practice. In the case of colds, it may be not so scary, but really serious illnesses can be deadly.

However, every cloud has a silver lining. The researchers noted that social networks have a positive side to physicians: if someone's friends on social networks available to the person deemed serious symptoms, such person will go to the doctor are more likely than before he consulted with their virtual friends.

Although the study mentioned above, affect exclusively and only social network, we can say that this is a common problem for almost any kind of Internet resources, which communicate with each other people who are not specialists in the subject. Everybody knows that any information obtained from the web, should be treated critically. However, as long known, and that social networks are harmful. Since that study, in fact, is nothing new and have not identified...
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Tuesday, April 27, 2010

News for developers - 9

With the release of iPhone OS 4.0 Apple Inc. updated the software license agreement iPhone-developers, prohibiting the use of sub-transmission and compatible development tools, reports Kompyulenta. Prohibition applies, inter alia, on Adobe Flash, Sun Java, Microsoft Silverlight and Novell MonoTouch. They can no longer be used to create iPhone-programs that can be placed in the App Store. If Apple had to block those applications that developers turned to undocumented functions, but now not even allowed third-party frameworks and development environment. It is worth noting that the ban affected not only "a passionate lover" Yabloko "Adobe Flash, but those frameworks that are designed for cross-platform programming JavScript and HTML for mobile devices, for example, Appcelerator Titanium and PhoneGap. It appears that iPhone-developers getting tighter difficult times...

Company Stimulsoft "released version 2010.1 software products Stimulsoft Reports. Stimulsoft Reports includes a report generator. NET, ASP.NET, WPF. It had a unique opportunity to check a report on the problem. After checking the system not only reports errors compiling, but also gives numerous recommendations and warnings about various aspects of the audited report. Many of the problems identified can instantly correct the proposed method. Check report can within report designer, and with a special utility - Report Checker. Introduced a new element type in the data dictionary: "Business Objects. Now, working with business objects will occur directly, without falling productivity and problems with conversion. Stimulsoft Reports also supports the format of PDF/A. It is designed for long term storage of documents and is based on the format of Adobe PDF. The new version added a lot (over 30) of geometric primitives, as well as new themes.

Microsoft has supported the initiative of its employee Garrett seracs called CoApp (Common Open Source Application Publishing Platform - a single platform publishing applications with open source). Draft CoApp provides a unified package management system for Windows similar to those known in the Linux world, technologies such as RPM (for Linux distributions based on RedHat and structurally similar) and APT (for distributions based on Debian). Similarly, the package management system in Linux, the platform will CoApp single mechanism for delivery and installation of pre-packaged libraries and applications. Also in the CoApp planned to implement the resolution of dependencies between packages (the definition of the required components for work already selected packages), and automatic updates. Thus, the technology CoApp can be a powerful tool for system administrators who want to quickly set up something like ligament WAMP (Windows + Apache + MySQL + PHP) for Web server or for developers who have decided to port their Linux-application on Windows.

Company JetBrains has submitted a preliminary version of the first commercial version of its new development environment PhpStorm & WebStorm 1.0 Beta. It is designed to create web applications using PHP on the server and standard Web technologies HTML/CSS/JavaScript on the client side. The beta version of a combined development environment PhpStorm & WebStorm 1.0 gives developers a lot of interesting possibilities. Along with the enhanced tools for editing code in HTML, CSS and JavaScript, WebStorm package includes improved mechanisms for further work with the code, including automatic synchronization of changes to remote projects using the protocols FTP/SFTP. Other tools for source code in PHP, implemented in the package PhpStorm become much more mature than the original version presented in a development environment IntelliJ IDEA 9.0, published last fall.

The Java Deployment Toolkit was found a serious vulnerability, says Linux.org.ru. Starting with Java 6 Update 10, a custom version of the JRE includes the Java Deployment Toolkit, is set as a NPAPI plug-in and ActiveX control. Among the methods of Java Deployment Toolkit, available from JavaScript, is the method of launch (). Everything he does - passes a URL to the registered handler for JNLP files. Since checking the transmitted URL is minimal, javaws.exe can run unintended way. For example, you can, using the parameter-J, to run arbitrary, including remote JAR-file. This vulnerability was discovered Tavis Ormandy. Moreover, in the java/java.exe was discovered undocumented parameter-XXaltjvm, allows you to specify an alternate library instead of the standard. This option is available through the referred-J in javaws/javaws.exe.

"Yandex" has opened in API Yandex.Maps technology "active area", which previously used only for their own projects, resources, according 3DNews. The objective of this technology - to enable the map to a large number of active tags. "API Yandex.Maps" allows you to skip the standard way of not more than a thousand marks, while adding a larger number of tags a user's browser begins to run noticeably slower. The theoretical limit of the new technology is in the hundreds of thousands of active tags on the map.

According to a company TIOBE Software April's index of the popularity of programming languages, Delphi confidently keeps busy in February 2010, the 9 th place, according to DelphiPlus. Compared with April last year, he rose from 11 th to 9 th place. However, since 2001, the peaks of popularity of Delphi were in 2004: 12 th January and 7 th of August.

Battle for netbooks.

And remember the bloody war for world domination between Liechtenstein, Monaco?..

As it met the stars that today's business review will be entirely devoted to the market (and prospects) netbooks. Too loud they said about themselves in 2008-2009, and too uncertain of their fate looks today.

Analyst firm IDC recently published data showing that growth in sales of netbook in the I quarter of this year slowed substantially compared to the same period in 2009. Namely: in January-March, around the world have been sold 4.8 million netbooks cost from $200 to $500 (year ago - 3.6 million). That is, in comparison with I quarter of 2009, market growth was 33,6%. Compare: in 2009, first quarter sales growth was 827%, which is higher than in the first quarter of 2008, almost 10 times. And in the course of sales in the holiday season of 2009, the share of netbooks had about 26% of all PCs shipped.

battle netbooksThe explosive growth one year ago today, the experts explain that the buyers then attracted to low-cost netbooks. In a crisis, it was very timely. But now the market was saturated, and the purchasing power increased. Stocks are not sold netbooks also started to grow.

But what will happen next? Some experts have been quick to say that netbooks will lose its market share in laptops belonging to mode Tablet PC, and the phenomenon iPad - are a sign of the sunset short, although the brilliant reign of netbooks. Here it is worth remembering that the appearance of netbooks on the market, manufacturers have tried to position them as a new device. However, consumers are quite rightly regarded them as merely a new kind of notebook.

Planshetniki certainly - the device of a new class of portable PCs. Their ardent supporters (and opponents of the netbook) indicate that the first and second largest PC manufacturers in the world - Hewlett-Packard and Dell - are preparing to sharply reduce its output netbook with 10-inch screen and has significantly cut the amount of investments in this segment. Information about this came from Taiwanese sources, who claim that Dell and HP are planning to cut production netbooks and to focus on ultra-thin notebook with a screen of 11.6 inches. In this case, they say, HP can and does refuse to manufacture 10-inch "laptop to the Internet." And all these actions - a consequence of poor sales of systems based on Intel Atom platform last generation.

However, doubts fly crawling on a plate of my mind. It is unlikely that netbooks so easy to have deposited its position. And research company NPD confirms: 51% of potential buyers do not see a iPad any advantages over conventional netbooks. This figure is significant even among those who already have devices from Apple - 44%.

Other results of the study are as follows: 57% of potential buyers iPad alarming high price tablet - $499 even for a minimal configurations. Of those surveyed, only 18% definitely want to buy iPad, but definitely not do it (at least in the near future) 66%.

The poll also found: those who plan to buy iPad, interested above all, its browser and media player. In this regard, an analyst with NPD Stephen Baker said: "If you look at how people plan to use iPad, easy to understand why the owners of other devices that already have this functionality, for example, iPod touch, netbook or laptop, just do not want to pay $500 and more for the devices of the same.

Besides netbooks prepare "retaliation." Features netbook soon seriously enhanced by the use of graphics platform of new generation Nvidia Ion. This technology will improve the graphics performance of systems by 15 times, compared with netbooks based on the integrated graphics Intel GMA. Netbooks with Ion 2 will be available soon enough already.

By the way, and Dell has denied rumors about plans to discontinue development of its sole netbook Mini 10. At Dell, the information called groundless and drew attention to the fact that recently issued two new versions of the Mini 10 with support for HSPA + and WiMAX Verizon for Clear.

A VIA company introduced its new media processor VIA VX900, and now Samsung and Lenovo are prepared to release in June, new netbooks on its base. New items will be able to play without problems, for example, video content in a format Full HD 1080p. In addition, the monitor resolution of these netbooks will also support HD-quality.

In any case, regardless of "who's sboret - netbooks or planshetniki - portable PCs will remain the" king of the mountain. According to the forecast the company DisplaySearch, this year the world market compact personalok grow to 215 million units to supply up to $117 billion of revenue. Moreover, in 2010 the category netbooks/laptops/planshetnikov be the fastest growing segment of the global PC market. This steady growth is observed on the markets of developing regions. Another engine of growth will become corporate (B2B) spending on PCs, which will be restored after the crisis in the second half of this year.

In DisplaySearch said: "We expect that, as iPad from Apple, the tablet from other vendors will also be positioned as a device to consume content and work with content. As a result, the need to focus more on design and functionality lead to the fact that the average cost of these devices is higher than the average cost netbooks.

And more. Some industry analysts believe that the world's supply of notebooks in the second half of the year (traditionally the peak season of sales in Europe and the U.S.) can not grow much in comparison with the first half of 2010.

However, this is not associated with adverse changes in the industry, and too strong growth of demand in the Asia-Pacific region. In 2009, 40% of all notebooks were delivered to retailers in the first half of the year and 60% - in the second. But now demand from China is growing too quickly, and this proportion on the basis of 2010 could reach about 50% and 50%.

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Catastrophe Part 1. Dotcom, Bill Clinton and the "new economy"

If you do not do the economy, the economy itself will you

Ten years ago there was the largest disaster in the history of the IT-industry - "the collapse of the dot-com. In March 2000 the index of shares fell computer and Internet companies on the "high tech" stock exchange NASDAQ. Most IT-companies have burst with the American Stock Exchange shares. During 2000-2001, thousands of Internet companies (mainly in the U.S. and Europe) went bankrupt, were liquidated or sold. Many of their executives were convicted of fraud and embezzlement of investors' funds. The majority of new business models focused on Internet technology firms were not viable. IT-industry entered a period of prolonged recession.

Creator packet technology of computer networks Ethernet Robert Metcalfe somehow derived a formula: the usefulness of any network is directly proportional to the square of the number of its users. Metcalfe certainly never guessed that his formula will one day be almost the main cause in 90 years of XX century, the Internet bubble-economy. Entrepreneurs and investors (mainly American) believed in the universality of this formula and rushed to invest in dubious internet projects. The word "internet" like a magic spell opened the door and wallets of venture funds, which allows companies to start-ups to receive substantial funding for the development of IT business.

collapse dotcomAccording to Wikipedia, the word "dot-com" (dotcom, dot-com, dot.com) - "has become synonymous with the name of the company, whose business model is entirely based on the work of the Internet. The most widely used in the late 90's. . In fairness it should be noted that the "dotcom bubble" did a lot of money not only Internet companies, and manufacturers of computer hardware and telecommunications corporations.

In the second half of the 1990 dot-com era of rapid development has been increased public attention to the new opportunities provided by the World Network. This soon led to what has plummeted cost of borrowing and investment capital for any projects related to the Internet. That is what led to the emergence of a huge number of firms, startups (especially in Silicon Valley), which are easily obtained by internet projects a significant investment not only from venture funds, but also from the traditional (and rather conservative) financial institutions.

In the stock market "bubble" was due to take-off of shares of already existing Internet companies, the emergence of many new Internet companies and reorientation "traditional" companies in the Internet business. Shares of companies planned to use the network to generate income, phenomenally soared in price. Numerous commentators and economists to justify this madness, arguing that came the "new economy".

From 1995 till early 2000 Internet startups appeared like mushrooms after rain. Capitalization of such Internet giants like Yahoo or AOL, beat all records. Remarkable fact: the market value of the bankrupt subsequently Nortel Networks then exceeded $ 180 billion and entertainment portal from iMTV eponymous television on the first day of the offering of its shares has attracted more than a billion dollars in investments. Turnovers media empire surpassed turnover is traditionally the strongest in the U.S. automotive industry.

Troublemaking old woman from Ohio and Oklahoma overcame its stockbrokers required urgently to sell bought ten years ago, shares of the local steel factory producing and buy, at least, AOL, or, at worst, Amazon.com. While the general euphoria, few realized that in reality, new business models have been ineffective, and large loans, spent mostly on advertising and corporate life of luxury, will soon lead to a wave of bankruptcies.

The term "new economy" entered into circulation in 1998 with the filing of Bill Clinton, during the presidency of which (1993-2001) and place the events described. The core values in the "new economy" were information and technology. Here are the main provisions of the "new economy":

* The rapid growth of the sector, which involves rapid obsolescence of products;
* Limitations pravoprinuzhdeniya in copyright and patent laws;
* The availability of cheap information security;
* Weak binding of enterprises "new economy" to a particular territory;
* Significant innovation costs (research and product development), combined with modest production costs (copying information, support for online services);
* Cost-effective innovations are often too obvious to be protected (for example - such curiosities as an attempt to register the exclusive right to use the command "Print" and "Copy").

However, it is thanks to the dotcom boom we'll have a great variety of free information and online services. News, newspaper articles and stories in the public domain, freeware-programs, games, payment systems, free mail, and social services - all of this legacy Internet fever in the late 90's.

But even in 1995-97 the majority of content and services of serious (not amateur) resources offered solely for the money. But in 1997-98, the producers of content web unexpectedly became the objects over active investing. Sweeping the business community to fashion on the Internet has led investors to invest more and more millions of dollars in a content company. Their business model included the receipt of future revenues from advertising on Web sites and e-commerce. Competition between the content of projects rapidly deteriorated and they started to offer users free of charge to more information and services.

Economic bubbles like the dotcom boom is certainly harmful for the economy because it leads to non optimal allocation and consumption of resources. A crash that usually follows the economic bubble can destroy a huge amount of capital and cause long-lasting downturn in the economy. Actually, in the IT-industry in 2000-2004, it just happened. And a long period without risk of profits simply extends the period of recession - so it was for much of the world during the Great Depression in the 1930's and 1990's in Japan. And the consequences of a collapse of the bubble not only devastate the national economy, but respond beyond its borders. This is about the current general economic crisis that began with the mortgage crisis in the U.S..

Another aspect of economic bubbles - their interaction with the tradition of funds business. Market participants, assets are revalued, are inclined to live beyond their means, because it feels rich ("wealth effect"). But when the bubble suddenly collapses, the holders of revalued assets feel suddenly impoverished and begin to cut their costs as possible. This, in turn, leads to slower economic growth and deepening of the crisis.

But we all understand now. Wiser. But then, at 90, on television, in newspapers, online media and radio broadcasting a continuous stream of information flowing on that economic and technological developments are certain that the U.S. went out on the "crisis-free" way of development, etc. etc.

March 3, 2000 Prudential Securities Investment Fund analysts published a paper in the beginning of which read: "If you're a shrewd trader, then your portfolio should be present hi-tech stocks, symbolizing the new economy." Few at the time suspected that a few days later an informal capital of Silicon Valley's move from San Jose in Twin Peaks.

Cheapest music online store in the USA.

Apple introduced iAd

April 8, Apple introduced the public its mobile advertising system iAd. It differs from the systems of competitors (eg, AdMob from Google) is that iAd integrated directly into the operating system iPhone OS. Moreover, these ads will be placed on servers Apple. Advertisements will be interactive and its structure will resemble the small "applications in the annex. It is already known that some of them will be created using the technology of HTML5. In the framework of Apple business model, the developers of these applications will receive only 60% of the proceeds from advertising on iAd. The platform will debut this summer.

System iAd, I note, personally announced CEO Steve Jobs. According to him, the average user of the device on iPhone OS works with about half a day. Accordingly, when a demonstration ad every three minutes it is about a billion hits a day.

Apple introduced iAdJobs in his speech cited the following figures: today issued 50.7 thousand games and other entertainment applications for the iPhone, iPod touch and the iPad, about 4,3 thousand applications for portable gaming consoles, Nintendo DS and the family of 2,5 thousand - for the Sony PlayStation Portable. When they will be integrated with iAd, advertising system will automatically become a new major source of income for most "apple company", and application developers.

The presentation iAd Jobs also said: "The personal computer the best place advertising are the search results. However, owners of mobile devices, use the search function is less than the applications. So here best place to advertise are the applications. [...] According to our estimates, the average user spends 30 minutes every day to work with applications on your phone. If they put the ads and change it every three minutes, you get 10 hits per day and 100 million units - one billion hits. This is a huge market with enormous potential for Growth.

Along the way, Steve Jobs rushed to assure the audience that Apple is not going to focus on the quantity of advertising, but instead intends to raise money by making advertising, according to Jobs, "a source of positive emotions."

Now the standard model of online advertising is as follows: click on the banner covers the application and start the browser. But this is inconvenient, and because many users avoid viewing advertising links. However iAd platform will be integrated directly into the operating system, and hence will run ads directly within the application. Incidentally, Apple engineers wanted to change the approach to the look of most commercial: it is proposed to use not only text and image links, and entire applications. In fact, advertising application will be embedded into other applications - such as games, reading room, RSS-clients and the like. Jobs said about this approach as a new form of advertising, which, finally, must not alienate the user, and therefore more costly, and advertisers.

Stop! That's where a dog and buried! Apple initially positioned itself as a seller of expensive advertising services targeted at an audience of wealthy Internet users. Indeed, when the U.S. came out first iPhone, statistics showed that the income of most families of the owners of at least $100.000 a year. Of course, since the phone has become much more accessible, but the iPhone and now are bought by people with incomes above the average, ready to regularly pay for new applications and accessories. That is, the audience of advertising services Apple more than solvent.

While the business model iAd not completely painted. In particular, it is not clear on what basis will be sold ads - whether it is payment for the number of impressions, clicks or actions of users. But it is obvious that Apple is acting fully in its tradition of working with content: the whole advertising system is the most centralized. All advertising content will be stored by corporations, advertising sales managers will also deal with Apple - that is, the company tries to control the whole process. However, to create advertising for the system iAd, as applications will be third-party developers and advertising agencies. Already announced that developers can integrate advertising system into your application in just a couple of hours.

I must say that the message is the creation of Apple's own system of mobile advertising iAd very impressed with the market analysts. It is clear that Apple has always disliked the fact that large advertising revenues from mobile advertising pass it. It is clear that, thanks to Apple in the business quickly enough to large advertisers. It is clear that Apple has implemented an ingenious scheme, when users iAd will not quit the application when clicking on the ad. But the main thing is not it.

The main thing - that Apple actually declared war on Google. Of course, at first glance advertising systems Apple and Google - are fundamentally different. Indeed, Apple has not yet engaged in advertising on the web-pages, and for Google is the main source of income. But who said that the system iAd will not be further deployed in the first web-applications, and then on the usual sites? All the same Safari browser is not as much and a small market share.

Well, Google over the last couple of years more and more clearly is betting on mobile devices. And soon, surely will active the proliferation of advertising in mobile applications for smart phones running the OS Android. It is likely that this is why Google has agreed to pay $750 million for the company AdMob, which specializes in mobile advertising. Still, it's not too typical - to pay for such a company several times larger than its annual turnover. Apparently, Google was fundamentally important to "take away" AdMob from under the nose Apple - recall that in April of this reluctantly, but nevertheless admitted by Steve Jobs.

So begins a great rivalry: Android v. iPhone OS, AdMob against iAd, Nexus One against the iPhone. Google has its serious ambitions in the mobile advertising market, the state is now, many experts compare to the "dawn Internet. Google's revenues in 2009 totaled $23.7 billion - and of these 97% yielded just online advertising. Now the Internet giant, clearly wants to start displaying ads in the results of Internet searches on cellphones, incidentally turning AdMob in a powerful new source of profit. After all, according to Gartner, in 2010 the volume of the mobile advertising market in monetary terms at $1.6 billion That's for the money and intend to fight Google and Apple.

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