Friday, February 26, 2010

Birthday BBS

February 16, 1978 Americans Ward Christensen and Randy Suess launched the world's first open BBS (bulletin board system) on the dial. It took several decades until hardvernaya and network industry could realize the fantasy Christensen and Suessa, but all the basic rudiments of a modern online communication were prepared at a time when those two run bulletin board called CBBS (computerized bulletin board system). Two programmers presented their creation to peace in the November issue of Byte.

bulletin board systemArticle caused quite a stir among fans and hackers, after a short time began to appear numerous clones CBBS. By the mid-80's around the BBS to form an active community, and at least three magazine covers this news to the online era.

They say that the idea came to Christensen, when he was locked in his house during the Great blizzard in 1978 in Chicago, and the concept of BBS was borrowed from conventional boards with ads, which at that time, the plight closed the entrance to public places, including libraries, schools and supermarkets.

After discussing the idea of digital "room" for meetings and announcements, Christensen and Suess undertook the creation of the software and managed to make it just a month. Moreover, some evidence suggests that in reality they made the program more quickly - in just two weeks - and the same amount spent on decorations.

Either way, the results were impressive. It was a real home internet connection. Despite its primitiveness, BBS soon proved their revolutionary nature.

In contrast to the modern Web, traffic from the BBS went over regular phone lines, so to connect to remote computers you needed to dial a telephone number from another region or even another country, then pay the bill for the phone company. Therefore, the first BBS was strongly localized systems for local residents, and such restrictions have created a life of phone phreaking, and other hacks.

Because of the complexity, limitations, and the brakes BBS first users were computer enthusiasts, who have spent considerable sums on a relatively fast modems. No wonder that with such an audience is a typical BBS (like the entire network in the early years) was a strange mixture of highly technical communications, software distribution and primitive online games.

You can also say thanks to BBS for the first in the history of IT holivar, which broke out between fans of Atari game console and the Amiga.

Over time, the early WWW superseded bulletin boards, but even today, trampled on the throne of popularity BBS not disappeared completely. Moreover, they really thrive in Taiwan, where this BBS are extremely popular form of communication for young people.

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Saturday, February 20, 2010

Buzz - "socialism" with a person Google.

World social revolution in the Internet was accomplished. Social networks possession of the masses, and themselves sotssetey the Internet becomes more and more. Last week, the list of social services addition of a new project - Google Buzz. Below we consider this event in the overall context of the socialization of the Internet.


Buzz GoogleSocial animal

Man - animal social. This has long been identified yet Aristotle. Man does not like and do not want to be alone, he needs the society of his kind. We see around us many forms of social life, social, cultural and religious organizations, through which a person identifies, defines and implements its social status.

Internet - Wednesday communicative. Technological development, and mass popularization of the Internet led to the socialization of relations between users of the World Wide Web. Accordingly, the demand has created a proposal and began to appear specialized social internet projects, collectively referred to "social networking".

There is no need to prove that all these "Facebook", "Plurk", "Live Journals" and other "Classmates" is very popular among the mass user - the proletarians of office work, office workers, housewives, schoolchildren, students. It is in these virtual "Socialism" a massive user and spends its core network time.

And although some highbrow intellectuals predict decline of social networks, the real reason for such allegations very little. To do this, for a start, at least, to refute most of Aristotle.

If talk about sunsets, this may be partly true only in respect of certain social web projects and concepts, but not for most needs the socialization of the web. Therefore, the technological and conceptual development of social networks will occur in the future. Including and not without the help of current Internet giants.


Google: "What, did not expect?"

It would be naive to think that the monster of the Internet will bypass the Google of social networks and will not offer something different. For example, the company already has a system of blogging Blogspot. And so last week was presented to the social service Google Buzz. In the Russian version of the authors of the service called it "live feed".

Service was presented already in working form, but not in the form of any presentation. During just one day, all users e-mail service Gmail, at some point, when entering into your mailbox, get agreeable news of the opportunity to test a "live feed". On the title page of mail service to each joyfully reported that they now have a new way to publish your news, photos, videos, and I quote, "there is no need to configure anything."

In other words, the introduction of Buzz guglovtsy did not as a separate service, and integrated it with the mail, thereby immediately got a user base of the new service. So, wants a Gmail user or not, but practically all who have had a mailbox, tried a "live feed" and noted here at least "Hello Ward" and "tests".

And "big brother" tried so easy familiarity with "Live wave" that bothered even about the list Frendo, which is automatically created for each user's Gmail on the basis of "espionage" for his correspondence and chat rooms. This, in certain situations could lead to possible disclosure of confidential information and embarrassment. For example, in public frendlentu some seemingly respectable family man along with his wife and mother is quite able to get his various girlfriends.

But in general, as the love expressed in our forum incognito "in the CC are not fools sit", and the calculation guglovtsev, in principle, was correct. Most users of Google, which have not yet got some "twitter", failed to reject the new proposals, even if it wanted to.


Understanding the Buzz

Immediately after the launch of "Live bands, many journalists somehow rushed compare this service with a communication project Google Wave. That's really completely different services.

Also unlikely to be correct to consider a "live feed" as a direct alternative to mikrobloging Twitter. Tools Twitter is simple and has great popularity, despite some restrictions on the message. Incidentally, these restrictions on the length of messages to Twitter illustrates the fact that the social networks of information - it is not important, and most importantly - do not feel alone. What is very important for young people.

"Live feed" no special restrictions on the message does not impose. You can even write a whole article. Also, as messages can be photos Picasa, videos YouTube. To Live tape "can be connected as your communications and other people's blogs and the same Twitter. Messages can comment and "like" - indicate through a special smiley, like the message or not.

Thus, Buzz - this is not an imitation of any particular sotsseti, but try to absorb much of what is in other projects. This including a way to provide the user edakii aggregator for other social networks.

Indeed, many have and register an account on Facebook, and Twitter, and other projects, and they do not interfere with service to the coordination between all these social networks. Another question, how good will "live feed" as a social aggregator?

And the important advantage of "Live tape is its original focus for the next generation mobile platforms - in the first place, Android. It is significant that the Buzz, in the first place, run in guglofonah and ayfon ", and then it appeared in Gmail. Mobile "Live feed" is closely integrated with the service "Maps Google". This allows, for example, to find "Buz" directly on the map, in many cases can be very requested feature.


Some tips

For those who are not familiar with Google Buzz, briefly how it works.

"Live feed" closely integrated with the mail service Gmail, the same name and the link is in the mailbox immediately below the "Inbox". Service interface rather simple and austere. Above is a small field to enter a message, and are lower than previous reports. If messages from one source a lot, they can be grouped into "stacks", clicking on which you can deploy all posts.

Directly next to the field to enter a message with links "Connect to the tape with friends" and "linked sites". The first link is intended to add subscriptions to the Friends page. And the second - to connect messages from other sites: Blogspot, Picasa, YouTube, Twitter. List of connected sites Google promises to expand. Plug-sites you can specify the degree of visibility - for all or just for yourself.

After adding the reference is sometimes required to wait some time before the contents of the site will appear in the tape.

Important is the link "Change". It translates to your profile page "Live tapes. It is proposed to introduce a wealth of information about yourself, allowing you to search not only by name and surname.

Here, in profile, there are some important common public settings, that is visible by other users of your ribbon. First, it is desirable to remove the tick from the option "Display the list of people I'm following and people following me". By default, this check mark is enabled, and it allows everyone to see your list of contacts in the public ribbon that to start, avoiding face for not always desirable.

And here in your profile, you can choose your type of address for the Public "Live tapes", which I will be able to read all the other users of the Internet. For example, you can choose the address for your mail login:

google.com/profiles/your_username

With this public page, after logging in, you can also perform all operations with the subscribers and their own reports without going to the postal service.

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No word about energy efficiency.

When building the data center (DPC) of the company these days is increasingly looking at this recently unimportant aspect, as the energy efficiency of computers working in it. And the news media published last week suggests that even large and apparently distressed companies are paying much attention to energy efficiency.

DPCIn general, attention to energy conservation, of course, did not arise by itself. The fact that the cost of the equipment used for DPC was so high that the cost of energy consumed, in comparison with this, Merkle. Today, technology has become less expensive, in time as electricity, by contrast, shows a tendency to increase prices. So in the long run, profitable companies to overpay for a more energy-efficient equipment, as repeatedly overpay for increased consumption of electricity.

Hewlett-Packard has decided to appear to be an example of the company, the most concerned about is efficiency and environmental friendliness of its technologies: a new data center, called HP Wynyard, uses a completely unique cooling system of servers that can responsibly be called truly innovative. As you know, a great contribution to the overall data center energy consumption makes the cooling system of computers. HP has decided to severely curtail this expenditure, ensuring the cooling of machines due to natural conditions. This company is located the new data center, eight miles from the North Sea coast, near the town Billinghem, where the temperature never rises never above 24 degrees Celsius and constantly blowing sea breeze helps, according to experts from HP, the improved cooling of the servers running in the middle . Wind collect eight two-meter suction fan, which forced the cool air under the floor data center. From there he goes to the server room, which is used for cooling of server racks. If the air outside suddenly turns too cold, then before applying to the servers prior to stoke it with heat, which emit servers. And to maintain the desired level of humidity the new data center uses rainwater, which will be accumulated, filtered and then sprayed in the data center.

It would be strange to not look an energy efficient data center cooling scheme from HP, specialists claim that it would save a lot of money. Annual savings should make a very impressive amount: about 2.6 million pounds annually. Moreover, with further increase in prices for electricity savings must be more and more tangible.

Perhaps the initiative of Hewlett-Packard to create a "green" data centers to pick up and other major IT companies, followed by other, smaller ones. But, I think, until the main interest is the desire to save on HP cooling their servers. There is, I think, two different opinion does not arise: the tendency to build more and more energy-efficient data center will only increase, because it has a positive effect on the costs of the company and its image in the eyes of others - in fact, whatever you say, today, energy efficiency clearly in vogue.

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News for developers.

1. Microsoft officially announced the release candidate release Visual Studio 2010. As stressed by the representatives of the corporation, this version does not contain new features and technologies - the main emphasis on performance. Output the final release of Visual Studio 2010 and. NET Framework 4 is scheduled for April 12, 2010. According to representatives of Microsoft, optimization of Visual Studio 2010 RC is made in response to feedback from users who are not satisfied with the speed of the beta versions. In Visual Studio 2010 RC improved parameters such as speed of loading of projects, typing, assembling and debugging of applications.

2. Micro Focus Company introduced its new subsidiary development tools, integrated development environment Visual Studio 2010. Package Micro Focus COBOL helps you work with already existing industrial applications on the Microsoft. Micro Focus COBOL helps to adapt COBOL-applications to modern technologies and media, including the "cloud" systems. Micro Focus Silk4J now supports automated functional and regression testing in Visual Studio 2010. Micro Focus DevPartner Studio is a set of tools for debugging, analysis, testing and tuning applications. The new version brought to the enhanced visualization of internal processes applications created in Visual Studio 2010. Micro Focus Analyzer Express for Visual Studio is designed for visual analysis of the code, and allows faster execution of daily operations support applications. Analyzer Express tracks the movement of data in the program and displays it in Visual Studio 2010 with one click. Developers can quickly evaluate the program, locate the artifacts and make the necessary improvements without having to switch from development to external programs.

3. Company ComponentOne announce the official release of Doc-To-Help 2010, a new version of its tool for creating help systems. The main difference between the package Doc-To-Help 2010 from previous versions was the integration with version control system Microsoft Team Foundation Server (TFS). Also to transfer the project to prepare the documentation package with other platforms Doc-To-Help 2010 for the first time offers the opportunity to convert any project created in RoboHelp, the documents in Word format and HTML, as well as in their own format XHTML. Convert RoboHelp-projects for processing in the editor Doc-To-Help allows you to move quickly to create content in XHTML format with the most stringent requirements and specifications. Also new version of Doc-To-Help 2010 offers three important new features: folding interface sections, nested lists and control page breaks. Ability to control the behavior of paper when printing eliminates one of the biggest problems when creating multiple versions of documents on the basis of a single source - now printed page will look the same for all users.

4. According Linux.org.ru, started porting Qt library on the platform Android. Enthusiasts with the nickname BogDan managed to compile the main modules of the Qt library to work on the platform Android. Currently only supported the latest version of Android, for which the released tools NDK (Native Development Kit). According to the enthusiast, modules QtCore, QtNetwork, QtXml, QtSvg, QtSql already working quite well in the future he plans to focus on supporting and QtGui modules QtMultimedia. The project is called android-lighthouse, it is completely open and free - an enthusiast invites all interested to join his work.

5. The new version of PostGIS 1.5, expansion PostgreSQL database to work with vector spatial data, said the same source. PostGIS - OGC-compliant free analog ESRI ArcSDE, Oracle Spatial and spatial possibilities of MS SQL Server. The new version added the type of "geography" for the native data management in geographic coordinate system (to avoid problems with the intersection of meridian 180 and poles). Improved performance of operations, measure the distance between complex objects, sold-read format GML and KML, the graphical interface to load shape-files, function of calculation of the geometric proximity between objects (Hausdorff distance) and the new features in design and analysis of distances ST_ClosestPoint, ST_DFullyWithin, ST_LongestLine, ST_MaxDistance , ST_ShortestLine.

6. Company Context Software released Context Database Extensions Suite 3.12 - new version of the library, increased opportunities VCL DB and add visual editing of the database schema from the Delphi IDE, reports DelphiPlus. Also released Context Database Designer 3.12 - new version of the utility to design database schema and generate DDL script to create the database.

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Friday, February 19, 2010

Revolutionary IT technologies early 21 century.

Laboratory eWeek Labs has compiled a list of technologies that have had a revolutionary impact on our lives in the first decade of the 21 st century.

revolutionary technologiesWe offer our readers the "IT SECTOR" brief excerpt from this case report.



3G Broadband

Not long ago, Internet access could be obtained only by having found an access point, Wi-Fi or connecting to a network Ethernet. With broadband 3G smart phones, netbooks, notebooks and even mobile offices can get a fairly high-quality Internet access from anywhere.


802.11g

The 802.11g standard allowed to use a wireless connection for most networking tasks, including to send large files, and to promote Wi-Fi technology in their offices, homes, car parks and hotels throughout the world.


AJAX

Package technology constituting AJAX, marked the beginning of the revolution on the Internet. It allowed to create attractive, interactive Web user interfaces that require no special plug-ins or extensions, and works fine with most modern browsers.


Amazon EC2

Company's Elastic Compute Cloud Amazon - the first real platform of cloud computing, which remains the most popular. EC2 allows anyone to easily deploy a virtual machine on a powerful server platform Amazon, has changed our ideas about what it means to the possession of the server and even conduct business. Many of the newly established companies do not even get the server hardware, carrying out all operations on the platform of EC2.


AMD64

In the early decades of the use of 64-bit computing solutions for traditional problems did not look too promising. Intel Itanium processor architecture and was considered to be difficult to achieve, in general, unsuccessful. When Intel created it from scratch, something AMD has been developing its 64-bit platform based on existing technology for manufacturing processors and has managed to make it widely available.


BlackBerry

BlackBerry smartphone soon and today remains the primary mobile device for business users. Thanks to him, you can easily stay in touch, while anywhere.


Servers - "blade"

Servers, "blade" were so widespread that few people remember what a striking impression at first produced a server room, can fit in a single rack.


Bluetooth

Bluetooth is easy to take for failed technology, especially when you consider what prospects it initially promised. But it is worth considering on how many wires and cables because she managed to escape, and immediately begin to recognize the successes of Bluetooth.


Firefox

A few years ago the future of the Internet and the browser was rather sad. In the market dominated by Internet Explorer, and Microsoft showed no interest in innovative solutions in this area. But when the organization has released Mozilla Firefox, finally, actually appeared and choice, and innovation. Firefox has led to a resumption of war between browsers. Today we are witnessing here is much more competition and we have the widest choice than ever before.


Gmail/Google Apps

E-mail and access to applications through a worldwide network were known before the appearance of Gmail and Google Apps. But no one could provide such opportunities, convenience and reliability, which has provided the corporation Google. And now even the company can operate using only e-mail and office applications Google.


iPhone/iPod

The popularity of iPhone, and said such exotic fact that it is sometimes called the phone of Jesus (Jesus Phone). Of course, this was an exaggeration. But it is reasonable to argue that Apple iPhone revolutionized the smart phone market. And many of them caused by the change probably would not have occurred without the device iPod, which was performed by the usability and design of iPhone.


Mac OS X

Although the very first iMac computer has attracted much attention, the real revolution, caused by computers Mac, began only after Apple has completely redesigned its core operating system. Mac OS X re-written from beginning to end, based on the Unix kernel, and since its emergence in the market was largely determined by the requirements for ease of use and level of innovation the OS.


Multi-core processors

Those who have moved from a PC with a single-core processor to a computer-based multi-core, usually experiencing a shock. In the car, which is likely to cost less than $ 1000, installed the processor, whereby the most powerful servers and workstations 1990. appear to be children's toys.


Netbooks

Manufacturers of computers and the first offered mikronoutbuki, but they were not successful because of its low productivity and high cost. In the current generation of netbooks, these defects have been remedied. At small sizes they have a quite decent features and price. Although manufacturers of traditional computer equipment they have, perhaps, hateful, netbooks are popular among consumers.


OpenOffice.org

Of course, if the criterion of success to consider ousting from the market Microsoft Office, then OpenOffice.org package failed. But when you think about the effect caused by his appearance in general, should recognize that OpenOffice.org, undoubtedly had a great influence on the market, especially if you look at it in terms of using open document formats.


POE

Power over Ethernet is still a relatively new technology, and in many companies it is not yet implemented. But those who switched to POE, able to take advantage of its considerable advantages. Especially it concerns the use without connecting to an electrical outlet devices such as VOIP-phones, access points, etc.


Salesforce.com

Arose from the ashes after the collapse of the ASP market in the late 1990's., Salesforce.com has demonstrated that companies are ready to receive online access to critical corporate business applications (such as for example of customer relationship management and automation of sales).


Social networks

It may seem that this is just a waste of huge amount of time, but social networks have a significant impact on the way people communicate and establish contacts between companies.


Treo

With hindsight Treo looks like just another smartphone. But the first Treo become a step towards the modern smartphone, and had a great influence on their development.


Twitter

Some may say that Twitter - a waste of time. In fact, the network of Twitter now has tremendous influence and change the way we communicate.


Red Hat Enterprise Linux

At the beginning of the last decade, Linux was in great demand. But while the company Red Hat has not released a conservative, distributed by subscription a corporate version of its distribution, Linux was not really ready for use in enterprises. She did not have a clear timetable for release of subsequent versions, neither adequate business model.


VMware

Virtualization has been used for more than ten years, but only in the last decade, it has indeed widespread. This happened largely due to corporations VMware. She offered a full range of products - from simple to use, offering consumers the ability to run virtual machines, to the most powerful enterprise virtualization platforms. With VMware entire server farms can operate on a very small number of machines.


VOIP, Skype, SIP

Voice over IP, as well as virtualization, known for more than ten years. But over the last decade there opportunities for them to truly widespread use. The company Skype has shown consumers how much cheaper and easier to implement may be voice calls from your PC. A SIP protocol to facilitate interaction of equipment from different manufacturers on the basis of standards, paving the way for the integration of many different products in communications systems.


Solaris 10

In the second half of the last decade, Solaris 10, Sun Microsystems, came to the forefront of technology operating systems. Among its unique features should be called virtualization using containers, system tools Dtrace and file system ZFS. In addition, the Solaris 10 has spread opinion about the inevitability of the transition to the x86-64 and the licensing system with open source software as a platform.


Windows XP

Due to the current hype around Windows 7 and the unpleasant experience of working with Windows XP, have arisen in certain situations almost every user, it may seem strange that the predecessor of Vista appears in a list of leading technologies. However, Windows XP, of course, was the most common operating systems decade. And if Vista has brought only disappointment, the majority of individuals and corporate users were pleased to be able (and many now use it) continues to use Windows XP.

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The Koreans have found a way to use the iPhone in the winter.

iPhone WinterWinter is still in command of the yard, so the idea of resourceful people in South Korea, it may be appreciated, and many Belarusians. Since the iPhone to control the fingers, it becomes difficult to use this device in cold weather, when users wear gloves. However, the Koreans have found a solution to this problem - as a replacement stylus, they use raw sausages. It is quite reasonable - and the ability to use the iPhone always has, and hungry his master this "sausage stylus" will never leave.

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Most accurate clock in the world.

National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) created the most accurate clock in the world: they are based on an innovative method for quantum spectroscopy atom of aluminum-27. The technology allows to capture the transitions between the levels of the quantum state of an atom with a frequency 8,6-18, that is, those hours do not exceed the per-second error for at least 3.7 billion years.

most accurate clock in the worldThey are more than two times more accurate than the previous version of the most accurate clock, designed by the same group of scientists and a half years ago.

The new record has an error of less than the standard second, that is, in a sense, these hours rather than time itself. One second standard SI equals 9,192,631,770 periods of the radiation of an atom of cesium-137. With the advent of the new hours can be adjusted and this, and other fundamental constants.

The study has a particular practical value. For example, global positioning system, the more accurate the clock on the satellite GPS, the more precise the navigation works. In a press release, NIST reported that the accuracy of the new hours will allow even put the planes on the signals of GPS.

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Tuesday, February 16, 2010

A screen sites not far away.

Who would have thought that the restless movie people ever start to make movies "motivated by" internet pages! Nevertheless, the first precedent is looming on the horizon - Dream Works film company plans to make a screen version of the resource Musunahi (alias - The Museum Of SuperNatural History, or in our opinion, the Museum of supernatural stories). Easy to guess that the contents of the site tells visitors about the world of supernatural and paranormal phenomena. However, judging from the description, the picture on a fantastic - ostensibly the team site Musunahi, in addition to work on the resource, responsible for the safety of some ancient mysteries and secrets.

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Getting the ice by heating the water.

As is known, the formation of ice usually occurs around a musorinki or dust. If not, then in a perfectly clean atmosphere even at normal pressure, water can remain liquid form down to -42° C. This so-called supercooled water, which is used in medicine, cryogenics, etc.

heating the waterOn the influence of the electric field at the freezing point of water has been known for over 150 years: in particular, in the electric field of the negative charge water freezes at lower temperatures. The most popular theory - is that water molecules are supposedly "change their orientation in the field, which complicates the crystallization of ice. Surprisingly, so far, this mechanism has not been fully explored. The problem is the absence of experimental data: the scientists could not manage to find the material through which you can skip the charge and who does not react with water.

Elegant experiment has come up with Igor Lubomirski with colleagues from the Weizmann Institute (Israel). The scientists used Pyroelectricity of lithium tantalate (LiTaO3), which changes its electric field when heated / cooled. In the absence of the charge drop of water on its surface freezes at -12,5° C. But if the surface is cooled, the lithium tantalate acquires a negative charge, and drops of water remain liquid to -18° C. If the surface is heated, then the positive charge of the water freezes at -7° C.

The scientific results published in the journal Science: David Ehre, Etay Lavert, Meir Lahav and Igor Lubomirsky, Science, 2010, DOI: 10.1126/science.1178085.

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Game developers are migrating towards the iPhone

Research Company Game Developer Research conducted a survey of developers of computer games for the popularity of various gaming platforms.

Apple iPhoneThe results of this study showed a clear trend among developers in the direction of the platform Apple iPhone.

For example, for Sony PSP write about 9,5% the creators of games for Nintendo about the same. At the same time on the iPhone OS platform is currently creating their own games about 19% of developers. Moreover, over the last three quarters of virtually all of the creators of games for mobile devices have written at least one application for the iPhone and iPod Touch.

In the published report also recalls that at one time gadgets from Apple significantly stimulated the market for mobile games. If prior to their appearance, he accounted for 13% of the total entertainment market, now has almost doubled to around 25%.

Among the reasons that lead to migration of developers to iPhone OS, the report's authors called the popularity of devices Apple, their broad-purpose capabilities, sound pricing and marketing policies of the electronic shop applications App Store. As noted in the report, "the creators of software can afford to lower prices for the program to the ridiculous and yet at the same time earn a good idea." In addition, Apple has done everything to simplify the process of porting existing games to the iPhone OS.

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Yahoo sells its Internet-projects.

The company Monster Worldwide, which specializes in business recruitment, bought for $ 225 million from the Internet company Yahoo! Western popular recruiting site HotJobs.com. The deal will be completed in the III quarter of this year. Top managers of Yahoo! already announced that proceeds from the sale money will be spent on technological innovations, including the development of new technology, the Internet search.

YahooThis transaction is fully fit into the new development strategy of Yahoo. Recall that in the end of 2008 a new CEO Carol Bartz announced that Yahoo! gradually abandon non-core activities. This will be done in order to concentrate on the work of the main segments of its online business - online advertising, search and e-mail. Previous major victim of the new policy became unprofitable for Yahoo! project GeoCities.

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South Korea wants to become a leader in software.

The South Korean government has embarked on an ambitious program, which resulted in the country should become a world leader in the software industry. For this purpose from the budget over the next three years in software development will be invested 1 trillion Korean won - some $ 867 million in official communication from the Government expressly states: "The purpose of these investments - to bring South Korea into a global leader in software solutions".

South KoreanInvestments planned for the industries such as the creation of integrated solutions, software and the convergence of software generalists, focused on end-users. According to the Ministry of economy of the country, much public money will get software companies within the sector of small and medium businesses. The official representative of the Korean Ministry of Economics on the subject, said: "The plan includes the year 2012, we hope that it will eventually lead to the creation of the Korean developments, similar to Apple iPhone and others".

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"Twitterization" world business.

Company Gartner conducted a special study of the possible role of service mikroblog Twitter in corporate communications of the nearest future. According to experts, Twitter-platform will be used for joint work of employees, prompt discussion of ideas and direction of flow of information.

TwitterizationIn Gartner say that now, in post-crisis time, companies are beginning to rebuild its internal communications. So, move on to more advanced forms of Internet communications - to the social networks and service Twitter. Gartner analysts are confident that over the next two years, about half of the world's leading companies will start using Twitter to organize its business processes. And about one in five of the company will go further: dare to replace e-mail social networks and such services as Google Wave and Opera Unite.

Today the popularity mikrobloggerskogo service Twitter is such that many organizations (largely following the fashion) create "corporate Twitter-register an account, secure and designed exclusively for communication between workers. The advantages of this communications technology are obvious: service allows you to quickly get answers to any questions, quickly find out who is doing what some of my colleagues, etc.

However, Twitter will probably just one of several new instruments of corporate communications. Twitter is not omnipotent and not universal. Here is what writes on this subject Gartner vice-president Jeffrey Mann: "microblogging as a separate function it will be very difficult to reach a broad introduction to the companies. Latitude distribution Twitter is one of the reasons for its popularity. Being limited to a single enterprise, the number of users for whom Twitter is a valuable tool, greatly reduced. That is why large companies are unlikely to apply mikroblog as a separate tool for communication.

In the results of Gartner research the authors expressly stipulates that moment, that for a multitude of applications social networks will be more effective than the usual e-mail. Vice-president of Gartner Research, Matt Kane, sure: "Rigid differences between email and social networks will soon disappear. E-mail received by many social attributes, such as friends list, while sotsseti will be complemented by various e-mail-opportunities. While it is E E-mail is already almost fully penetrated into the corporate space, we expect to soon see a rapid growth in sales of corporate cloud-making with social functionality.

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In the Apple iPhone a serious vulnerability found

An employee of Independent Security Evaluators, a specialist in informbezopasnosti Charles Miller said that the communicator Apple iPhone is vulnerable to exploits that are placed by hackers on the front web-pages, certified operating certificates SSL. This vulnerability is directly linked to the "corporate" function of the iPhone. Its essence is that the device has an opportunity to undertake a massive setting of a large number of corporate smartphones to bring them into conformity with uniform standards of IT-security.

Apple iPhoneHowever, this function was incomplete, leaving hackers can arbitrarily change the configuration files of your phone via the Internet. In his message, Charles Miller wrote: "If the user gives consent to the installation of this update, the changes made to the configuration of the phone could cause him harm."

Miller described the method of hacking, he said, can be used to change the proxy settings in the iPhone. This, in particular, allow attackers to redirect traffic to servers under their control. Also with the modified configuration files, an attacker can disable the ability to run the Safari browser and other applications and / or block access to certain web-resources.

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Windows 7 has already won 10% of OS

The company Net Applications released fresh data from a think tank. Of these, it follows that at the end of January market share of Windows 7 has reached 10%. If we take January as a whole, then, on average, up to a month, about 7,5% of the computers connected to the web, were running the new operating system from Microsoft. Net Applications Now, analysts believe that if the current rate in June of Windows 7 will bypass the previous version - Windows Vista. That is, as the statistics show, Windows 7 is distributed around the world about the same rate as the average computer virus.

Windows 7As of January 2010 Vista takes 17.4% market share OS. But the most popular still remains the "old" Windows XP - her preference for 66,3% of users. However, in general Microsoft products albeit slowly, but losing market share. Compared with December 2009, the total percentage of all versions of Windows has declined from 92.21% to 92.02%.

But bad feeling competitors. Mac OS X for the month increased its presence in the market at 0.02% points - to 5,13%. Unchanged (at 1.02%) ratio remains Linux.

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On the eve of redistribution.

Until recently, the global chip market is controlled by producers of solutions for the "full" computers - desktops, servers and notebooks. Recently, however, the rapid growth in market segments such as smartphones and communicators, netbooks and UMPC, and now Tablet PCs, has led to what the market began to play an important role producing processors for handheld devices.

As stated in a fresh report to IDC, in 2009, sales of smartphones grew by 15.1% to 174.2 million pieces. At the same time in the last quarter of the year they reached the record mark in history - 54.5 million smart phones, or 39% higher in comparison with the same period in 2008. And now, the supply continues to grow.

Also, according to IDC, the proportion of smartphones (they are in IDC extendable called "converged devices") at the end of last year amounted to 15,4% market share in mobile devices in general. For comparison: in 2008 the proportion of such devices was in numerical terms, 12,7% of the market.

Now the growth of the smartphone segment is largely driven by mobile operators. They have already felt the growing demand for smart phones, as well as the prospects for increasing (thanks to smart phones) subscriber demand for additional services and media content. Consequently, many operators have begun to offer more attractive packages, including artificially low-cost smartphone and a special rate plan. And now on the market of portable devices with a functional mobile triumphantly go further and tablet PCs.

All the above will inevitably change the balance of power in the microprocessor market. And these changes are already occurring. One of the most ambitious players, the company ARM, to disclose information about its plans to develop a new generation of processor architectures. Already in 2010 ARM intends to bring to market, at least three cores, code-named Eagle, Heron, and Merlin.

The most productive solution includes a series of Eagle (the family of chips Cortex-A). These processors can handle high-definition video, and also have high energy efficiency. Cortex-A will be used in smartphones and other gadgets with touch screens and access to the network. Kernels Heron and Merlin are calculated for use in families of Cortex-R and Cortex-M, respectively. Chips Cortex-R are designed for embedded systems; Cortex-M - for industrial equipment, motor controls, etc.

ARM expects to reach its decisions the maximum number of sectors of the market of mobile devices. The head of the company Warren East in an interview site PC Pro said that in the coming years netbooks occupy 90% of the PC market. In his view, the main obstacle to the spread of low-cost laptop computers - lack of support for the ARM processor in Windows. That is why Warren East hopes for rapid development of mobile OS based on Linux - and especially Google Chrome OS, which will promote the popularization of systems based on chip ARM. At the same time in the company ARM "high hopes" that Microsoft is also aware of the market potential of low-cost computers and still implements support for the ARM processor in their products.

But the blow to the dominance of sworn colleagues Intel and Qualcomm is preparing to inflict, not only ARM. Let us recall that at a recent presentation planshetnika iPad Steve Jobs introduced and its key component - the processor A4 production of PA Semi. Its history began in 2008 - when Apple acquired the Californian chip developer PA Semi for $ 278 million and the A4 was the first processor, set up PA Semi has as a unit of Apple. Omniscient experts said that the "apple company" has decided to become a direct competitor to Intel and Qualcomm.

Primarily, of course, Intel. After all, the microprocessor giant, there is a similar solution - Moorestown chip. And at its base have already created the first smartphone - LG GW990.

However, I personally more attractive view of Forward Concepts analyst Will Strauss. He believes that using the A4 instead of buying a third-party solutions, Apple is trying to create its own "ecosystem" of electronic components, so that later no one could depend. And in the long run it will give us the maximum profit and consolidate control over the market.

In turn, an analyst with research firm In-Stat, Jim McGregor points out that Apple, having decided to independently develop and produce processors that can be spoiled a lot of blood Intel. The fact that Intel has invested too much effort, money, intelligence and marketing resources in the family chip Atom. MacGregor writes: "Every step that Apple has done in the way of the iPhone to the" pill "iPad, was designed to share the processor and its Intel Atom".

The threat to the Atom really there. According to the company Goldman Sachs, in 2010 Apple will sell about 6 million iPad-s. With this agreement, and ISuppli analyst Jagdish Rebello: "Absolutely, and Intel, and Qualcomm would like to participate in the development iPad. But now Apple has a good chance" otest "have their share of the microprocessor market."

And here is another story, showing what intrigues now enmeshed in relations chip makers and creators of mobile gadgets. In November 2009 the first CEO of Qualcomm Paul Jacobs told the media industry that his company is negotiating with Apple to supply its products for the iPhone. However, in January 2010 at the Consumer Electronics Show the company's management announced an exclusive agreement with Hewlett-Packard and Lenovo - they say, they themselves have to set up production of notebooks based on Snapdragon processors from Qualcomm.

As for Intel, her spokesman Bill Calder on the iPad said: "Apple has done a good job. Nevertheless, we remain convinced that the Intel chips will fuel the increase in a wide range of intelligent devices from smartphones to tablet.

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Not about IT

For ten years almost every morning I start with a visit to the site Nasdaq.com, to "feel the pulse" of the world IT-industry. Recently, site of the largest hi-tech-exchange stable pleases the eye with green arrows directed upwards, - a symbol of growth in stock prices. Crisis year we have experienced, but now looms on the horizon a new danger for the world economy. So, for the whole IT-industry. Try to understand.

Before the annual meeting of World Economic Forum (WEF) in Davos, published a report "Global Risks". Introducing him, WEF managing director Robert Greenhill said: "The financial crisis and the subsequent recession have created a more fragile environment in which risks are left unattended, become tomorrow's crises." The same report said much tougher. The world promised a new "full-blown crisis with dire socio-economic consequences."

Problems in the world "above the roof." One of the main - the growth of government debt. All kinds of countries have invested in the crisis too much money to rescue their economies, and now they do not know what to do with the budget deficit. In addition, in many developed countries is rapidly growing social and pension expenditures, which exacerbates the budget deficit.

Governments may in 2010 will have to make unpopular decisions, and the inhabitants of the "golden billion" as suffered and will suffer from unemployment, the report says WEF. Significant tax increase is inevitable.

But the main threat to the world, promising market collapse - this is China. More precisely, its economy, which is now openly overheated. We give an example: the growth in housing prices in Beijing and Shanghai in 2009 exceeded 60%. There is too much money and goods. But in fact, when too well - it is too bad.

The newspaper The New York Times quoted James Chanosa investor (he became famous, he foresaw the collapse of Enron): "I expect the collapse of the Chinese economy. Bubbles are best identified by excess credit, and not surplus prices. There is no greater surplus of credit than in China" .

In turn, He Fan and Yao Chzhichzhon of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, argued: "If the government does not reduce the incentives, China's GDP this year may grow by 16%, big jump in inflation risk."

In numbers, the picture looks like this: in 2009 in China, the volume of loans exceeded $1.3 trillion, while still in 2008 it amounted to $615 billion, but only for the first week of 2010 lending was already $ 88 billion That is, tremendous growth - China's economy simply is devoured credit resources. But this can not last long.

In theory, if the slowdown in China will not happen by 2040 the country's economy will grow to $123 trillion, and will be 40% of world GDP. This is much more than the U.S. economy and the EU. That is, the situation is completely unrealistic.

Hence, the collapse in China is inevitable - the only question is when it happens. Another question - how hurt the computer industry. The majority of accessories for the PC today is it is in China. I sometimes think that we ourselves have not noticed, as a situation of total dependence of the global IT-business from the more recent disastrous backward China. But today their own factories in China are all global giants - from Intel to HP. I specifically looked through all your home "IT-infrastructure" and found that outside of China made only Nokia phone and netbook Samsung. Everything else, including the HP laptop, which I am writing this article - made in China. Popular products Apple, including the iPhone and the legendary laptops in aluminum casings, also going to China. One can imagine that will start in the markets, if the economy collapses.

But the problem is not necessarily bring to the market collapse. The report of the WEF said: even a simple reduction in the rate of growth in China is below 6% already hit by the global commodity markets and capital markets.

The crisis of 2008-2009, again - is most clearly - demonstrated just how closely related the different risks and global shocks, even if their effect is different and at local levels - is emphasized in the report of WEF. Globalization - a fait accompli, and today is absolutely normal situation when the Belarusian Chinese notebook computer programmer working for Russia's firm wrote a program for a European customer, and this program will work in an American bank, providing financial transactions to the Australian firm that represents the region interests of Chinese manufacturers of notebook computers. Ugh ... Can you imagine what would happen if the "fly" at least two links in this chain? (Loss of one element of the system still survives.)

Finally we turn to the classical cybernetics. The report of the WEF "Global Risks" states: "The main reason that global challenges have not found an adequate answer, - gaps in the system of world governance. And that in itself should be considered as another major risk. Canal adapt to these changes become global institutions and national interests must adapt and conform to the decisions of global organizations. World leaders must find a common language when discussing and implementing reforms to ensure the sustainability of the global economy. "

In short, despite renewed economic growth, the world is still too early to rejoice. Even if you do not explode overheated "steam boiler" China is still a lot of work on the mechanisms of governance - the existing ones shown to be ineffective.

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Tuesday, February 9, 2010

Gmail Buzz

gmail buzz

Gmail Buzz?
Gmail Buzz? Scott noticed that when you create a label named “buzz” in Gmail, the app will tell you: “Sorry, you can't create a label named 'buzz' (it's a reserved system label). Please try another name” ...

Google Gmail Buzz beu blog
This new service launched today and provides a rich fast sharing experience combining public and private sharing all in your Gmail inbox. Inbox integration is a new feature that allows social interaction within Gmail. Buzz takes a ...

Gmail Buzz
Google Buzz allows users to “autofollow” contacts in their Gmail account. It allows users to share Tweets, photos and more! This new service launched t...

Google Gmail Buzz
Looking up the word “buzz” in Google, we get several definitions, like the following: “If a place is buzzing with activity or conversation, there is a.

Google Buzz re-invents Gmail
Social networks get all the attention, but email remains an important information console for many. That's why the introduction of Google Buzz is so noteworthy. It adds the power of asymmetric following to Gmail's interface.

Gmail Buzz
Google Buzz allows users to “autofollow” contacts in thei r Gmail account. It allows users to share Tweets, photos and more! This new service launched today and provides a rich fast sharing experience combining public and private ...

Google Gmail Buzz
Google rolls its own Facebook & Twitter with Gmail Buzz Looking up the word “buzz” in Google, we get several definitions, like the following: “If a place is buzzing with activity or conversation, there is a lot of activity or ...

Gmail Buzz
[Gmail Buzz]Google.Com has just put out a new product that is Google's Gmail Buzz. With the new Google products, you can update your status, share content like Videos, Photos, etc. with friends, probably not much different function with ...

Facebook status updates in your Gmail - Buzz
I just logged into my gmail to find buzz, a new feature integrated into my gmail. I'm not quite sure what to think of it. Other than google, I don't think anyone wants status updates in their gmail, but perhaps I'm wrong?

Buzzing sound from my turntable?
Hihi! Can any computer experts out there teach me how to crack software?
It's purely for computer interest sake, not for hacking or doing those "bad" stuff. I have basic computer knowledge in terms of hardware, software is kinda poor.
Been reading up on this stuff and know a little that i need to debug the program, replace some .dll codes etc. Or can use reverse engineering etc... any computer techies can simplify this stuff for me?
If you're willing to invest your time and i can see some results and improvements i'm willing to foot a small fee for the knowledge gained. Thanks!! Singaporeans more than welcome, overseas advice through Skype is welcome too. =)

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Windows 8 may enter the market already in 2011


A number of Western internet resources appeared unexplained document, which contains new product release schedule for Microsoft. Schedule covers the next few years. From it, in particular, that the client operating system is Windows 8 will be released as early as 1 July 2011. The new OS will be 128-bit, it will support technology clusters, and one-way replication. In addition, it is expected "to radically change access to the files. Does a given phrase emergence of a new file system - is unclear.

Let me remind you: have repeatedly reported that work on Windows 8 is just beginning, and the new system scheduled to be available no earlier than 2012. It should replace Windows 7, which by that time already, as expected, morally obsolete.

In the mysterious document the dates of releases, and other key products of Microsoft. According to these data, 2 July 2012 the software giant should represent the public office suite Office 2012 and of Windows Server 2012. Control system relational database SQL Server 2011 will be announced by July 1, 2011 th, and the server platform of SharePoint Server 2013 and Exchange 2013 package will be presented to customers July 1, 2013.

It is easy to guess, Microsoft officials did not confirm. But do not refute - just silence.

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Protection PS3 hacked


American hacker George Hotz said that managed to hack a game console PlayStation 3 (PS3), manufactured by Sony. Hotz - the same hacker who in 2007, at the age of 17, broke down the iPhone, which the U.S. initially worked only in the network AT & T. As a result of hacking has become a cult communicator can be used in any network.

Now Hotz claims that the PS3 hacking took him five weeks. According to the hacker, for some time he needed to "fine-tuning" of technology, after which he will publish all the details of hacking on your site.

But now we know: George Hotz hacked PlayStation so that the owners 'opening' of the device were able to download pirated copies of games consoles, as well as their own programs. Hotz himself wrote in his blog: "It is supposedly not be cracking, but there's nothing they can not be hacked. Now I can do with this system, all I want. It feels like I got some great power, but not I know how to use it. "

Until now, PS3 was the only gaming device, which failed to crack - and this for three years of market presence. In one of his online interview with George Hotz said he began to breaking even in the summer of 2009-th and the first three weeks devoted to the study of hardware and game console. After a long break, he paid hacking the console for another two weeks. According to his confession, "the system has a very good defense." In the words of a young hacker, hacking into his scheme, 5% plays the role of iron, and 95% - the software. In order to create a gap in the protection, use the iron, and then from that you can go further. "

Hotz also recognizes that it is not able to crack the system entirely - so it remains inaccessible to the protected memory boxes. However, an attacker could fool the console and make it do what it needs. And most importantly, that he plans to publish the web, this "root key" console, that is a master code. His knowledge of other technical specialists will facilitate the final transcript and hacking established until protection systems.

George Hotz finds that, when work on cracking the PlayStation 3 will be completed, its owners will be able to install the console on different operating systems and play at her own game. In addition, the breakup will give owners the opportunity to play on this console discs, intended for the previous generation of consoles - PS2.

Hotz himself claims that he is motivated by "curiosity and desire to open platform." "Truthfully, I never really did not play on the PS3. I've got one game, but I do it almost did not play" - he says.

But representatives of Sony has just discreetly stated that "the company is examining the statement and clarify the situation with the receipt of more complete information".

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What is interesting processor A4 iPad?

Network edition AppleInsider, traces news from the company Apple, published on its pages a little analysis of the new chip A4, which provides work released last week tablet iPad.

First of all, the review authors note that the A4 - it is not just the processor, the so-called "system-on-Chip" (System-on-a-Chip, SoC), which also include graphics and memory controller.

According to recent data, in A4 integrated ARM processor Cortex-A9 MPCore, which is also used in the platforms Nvidia Tegra 2, Qualcomm Snapdragon, Texas Instruments OMAP4 and several others. A4 clocked at 1 GHz, is made of 45-nanometer process, has 4 cores and the second-level cache (L2) volume of 2 MB. The maximum power consumption does not exceed 0.3 Tues The role of the GPU executes ARM Mali 50.

For comparison - the difference in performance Cortex-A8 (which now runs iPhone 3GS) and Cortex-A9 is 10-20%, which is very significant and noticeable. In addition, A9 more economical battery costs when performing simple "routine" operations.

Another very important point is that the A4 delivers high performance at very low power consumption. For applications developers, it provides 10 hours of battery life when watching videos. This result can now boast of one (!) From the current netbooks, notebooks, tablets, phones or handheld computers (subject to the use of standard batteries). In addition, we should not forget that the battery in the iPad is not very big, and the weight of the device does not exceed 730 grams!

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Steve Jobs unveiled the tablet iPad

For several months a variety of publications to publish information about new product Apple, analysts have vied with each other discussing the functionality and positioning has not yet released Internet tablet from apple. And finally it is a disgrace suspended Steve Jobs, showing the device with the name Apple iPad at a conference in San Francisco. The head of the company is positioning the Tablet PC as a tool for web surfing, listening to music, photo viewing and typing. However, with the latter is debatable, because, whatever one may say, a physical keyboard at the same netbook will be more convenient touch. Housing iPad'a made of aluminum. It is built on the chip Apple A4. Tablet is equipped with a 9.7" display with support for multi-touch, resolution of which is 1024x768 pixels, flash-drive capacity of 16, 32 or 64 GB, a digital compass, Wi-Fi module, Bluetooth version 2.1-and 3.5-millimeter output to headphones. The operating system used iPad OS, declared fully compatible with all applications written for the iPhone/iPod Touch.

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150: physiological constraint on friendship

Perhaps the development of social networks can ever stay of natural causes. Robin Dunbar, a professor of evolutionary anthropology at Oxford, in the mid 90-ies proposed the theory that the human brain is unable to keep in mind information about more than 150 friends ("Dunbar number").

"Other" in the terminology of Dunbar is the man with whom supported emotional connection, communication is carried out at least once a year and about which a person remembers his relationship with other friends.

Physiological limits of the brain does not depend on the properties of a person's character and how he is friendly and sociable. According to the professor, limitations exist in the neocortex, the department responsible for conscious thought and speech.

English professor working on this theory for 15 years - and she has confirmed. Dunbar makes its conclusions based on the analysis of social relations in different social groups - from the first group of settlements of people in the neolithic period to modern office teams. In any situation, as is proved by a scientist, team loses signs of unity and breaks into fragments, as soon as its size exceeds 150 people.

Recently, Professor Dunbar began studying social networks, suggesting that modern technology can change something in the human mind. But nothing has changed. He found that, formally, a person may have a thousand Frendo in the social network, but if you look at traffic, it is easy to see that for every person it is limited to the same maximum range of 150 people.

Women are the easiest to maintain friendship with the discussion of different issues, and men - with the help of joint activities.

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$500 for a bug in Chromium

Under the new program to address the vulnerabilities, Google has announced the payment of remuneration to $500 for every bug in Chromium. If you find a really dangerous vulnerability, the fee will rise to a round sum of $1337 (generally known passion for Google to round numbers).

If you literally read the rules, then the bug must be really dangerous, that is a series of small bugs that lead to potential vulnerabilities are not considered. Bugs operating system, too, are not paid, even if the OS does not close the hole and the patch have to do in the browser.

On the other hand, Google noted that the interesting and unusual bugs will be paid in any event, even if they are not critical.

In general, such a concept is not new and has long been used in Mozilla. According to some commentators, the cost of $500 seems low, because a working exploit can be sold to spammers several times more expensive.

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John Murtha

john murtha

John Patrick "Jack" Murtha, Jr. (June 17, 1932 – February 8, 2010) was an American politician from the U.S. state of Pennsylvania. Murtha, a Democrat, represented Pennsylvania's 12th congressional district in the United States House of Representatives from 1974 until his death in 2010. The district presently stretches southwest from Johnstown (the largest city in the district and Murtha's hometown).

A former Marine Corps officer, Murtha was the first Vietnam War veteran elected to the U.S. House of Representatives. A member of the Pennsylvania House from 1969 to 1974, in 1974 he narrowly won the special election held to choose the successor to the incumbent, who died in office. In the first decade of the 21st century, Murtha has been best known for his calls for a withdrawal of American forces in Iraq.

In 2006, after the Democrats won control of Congress in the 2006 midterm elections he made a failed bid to be elected House Majority Leader for the 110th Congress (2007–2009) with the open support of the new House Speaker, Nancy Pelosi. He lost to Steny Hoyer of Maryland. After this defeat, Murtha became chairman of the House Appropriations Defense Subcommittee. He had previously chaired this subcommittee from 1989 to 1995 and served as its ranking Democrat from 1995 to 2007.

Murtha was born into an Irish-American family in New Martinsville, West Virginia; near the border with Ohio and Pennsylvania, and grew up in Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania; a largely suburban county east of Pittsburgh.

As a youth, he became an Eagle Scout. He also worked delivering newspapers and at a gas station before graduating from The Kiski School, an all-male boarding school in Saltsburg, Pennsylvania.

Murtha left Washington and Jefferson College in 1952 to join the Marine Corps and was awarded the American Spirit Honor Medal for displaying outstanding leadership qualities during training. Murtha became a drill instructor at Parris Island and was selected for Officer Candidate School at Quantico, Virginia. Murtha was then assigned to the Second Marine Division, Camp Lejeune, North Carolina.

Murtha remained in the Marine Forces Reserve, and ran a small business, Johnstown Minute Car Wash (which still operates in the West End section of Johnstown.) He also attended the University of Pittsburgh on the G.I. Bill, and received a degree in economics. Murtha later took graduate courses from the Indiana University of Pennsylvania. Murtha married his wife Joyce on June 10, 1955. They have three children and live in Johnstown.

Murtha left the Marines in 1955. He remained in the Reserves after his discharge from active duty until he volunteered for service in the Vietnam War, serving from 1966 to 1967, serving as a battalion staff officer (S-2 Intelligence Section), receiving the Bronze Star with Valor device, two Purple Hearts and the Vietnamese Cross of Gallantry. He retired from the Marine Corps Reserve as a Colonel in 1990, receiving the Navy Distinguished Service Medal.

Murtha was admitted to the hospital after suffering from abdominal pains in December 2009. Murtha had surgery to remove his gallbladder in late January 2010; a week later, he was admitted to the intensive care unit due to complications from the surgery. He died on February 8, 2010.

He was elected to represent the 72nd legislative district in the Pennsylvania House of Representatives on May 20, 1969.

Murtha faced tough primary challenges in 1982, 1990 and again in 2002. The 1982 challenge occurred when the Republican-controlled state legislature took advantage of Murtha's connection to Abscam, and incorporated most of the district of fellow Democrat and Vietnam War veteran Don Bailey of Westmoreland County into the 12th District.

The 2002 challenge occurred when the state legislature redrew the district of fellow Democrat Frank Mascara to make it more Republican-friendly, but shifted a large chunk of Mascara's former territory into Murtha's district. Mascara opted to run against Murtha in the Democratic primary, since the new 12th contained more of Mascara's old territory than Murtha's. However, Mascara was badly defeated.

In 2006, Murtha's Republican challenger was Diana Irey, a county commissioner from Washington County, the heart of Mascara's former district. Irey attacked Murtha for his criticism of the Iraq war. Even though Irey was Murtha's strongest Republican opponent in decades, she polled well behind Murtha throughout the campaign. An October 12, 2006 poll by the Pittsburgh Tribune-Review showed Murtha with a commanding lead over Irey, 57%–30%. In the November election, Murtha won 61%–39%.

On June 9, 2006, Murtha informed Minority Leader Nancy Pelosi that he would run for Majority Leader if the Democrats gained control of the House in the 2006 midterm elections. Despite Murtha receiving Pelosi's support, current Democratic Whip Steny Hoyer was elected to the post.

On March 18, 2008, Murtha endorsed Hillary Rodham Clinton, former First Lady and former Senator from New York, in her bid for the presidency.

In 1980, during his fourth term as a Congressman, Murtha became embroiled in the Abscam investigation, which targeted dozens of congressmen. The investigation entailed FBI operatives posing as intermediaries for Saudi nationals hoping to bribe their way through the immigration process into the United States. Murtha met with these operatives and was videotaped. He did agree to testify against Frank Thompson (D-NJ) and John Murphy (D-NY), the two Congressmen mentioned as participants in the deal at the same meeting and who were later video taped placing the cash bribes in their trousers. The FBI videotaped Murtha responding to an offer of $50,000, with Murtha saying, "I'm not interested... at this point. [If] we do business for a while, maybe I'll be interested, maybe I won't", right after Murtha had offered to provide names of businesses and banks in his district where money could be invested legally. The U.S. Attorneys Office reasoned that Murtha's intent was to obtain investment in his district. Full length viewing of the tape shows Murtha citing prospective investment opportunities that could return "500 or 1000" miners to work.

Murtha was targeted by Citizens for Responsibility and Ethics in Washington as one of the 20 most corrupt members of Congress.

In September 2006 the Citizens for Responsibility and Ethics in Washington (CREW) listed Murtha under Five Members to Watch in its Second Annual Most Corrupt Members of Congress Report. The report cited Murtha's steering of defense appropriations to clients of KSA Consulting, which employed his brother Robert, and the PMA Group, founded by Paul Magliocchetti, a former senior staffer on the Appropriations Committee Subcommittee on Defense.

In 2008, Esquire Magazine named him one of the 10 worst members of Congress because of his opposition to ethics reform and the $100 million a year he brings in earmarks to his district. The Wall Street Journal has called him "one of Congress's most unapologetic earmarkers." According to the Pennsylvania Report, Murtha was one of "Pennsylvania’s most powerful congressman" and a "master of crossing the aisle and bringing pork into his district."

In February 2009, CQ Politics reported that Murtha was one of 104 U.S. representatives to earmark funds in the 2008 Defense appropriations spending bill for a lobbying group that had contributed to his past election campaigns. The spending bill, which was managed by Murtha in his capacity as Chairman of the House Appropriations Subcommittee on Defense, secured $38.1 million for clients of the PMA Group in the single fiscal law. The PMA Group is currently under investigation by the FBI.

In March 2009, the Washington Post reported that a Pennsylvania defense research center regularly consulted with two "handlers" close to Murtha while it received nearly $250 million in federal funding via Murtha's earmarks. The center then channeled a significant portion of the funding to companies that were among Murtha's campaign supporters.

Murtha voted for the October 10, 2002 resolution that authorized the use of force against Iraq. However, he later began expressing doubts about the war. On March 17, 2004, when Republicans offered a “War in Iraq Anniversary Resolution” that “affirms that the United States and the world have been made safer with the removal of Saddam Hussein and his regime from power in Iraq”, when JD Hayworth called for a recorded vote, Murtha then voted against it.

Still, in early 2005 Murtha argued against the withdrawal of American troops from Iraq. “A premature withdrawal of our troops based on a political timetable could rapidly devolve into a civil war which would leave America’s foreign policy in disarray as countries question not only America’s judgment but also its perseverance”, he stated.

On November 17, 2005, Murtha submitted the H.J. Res. 73 in the House of Representatives, calling for the redeployment of U.S. troops in Iraq, saying, "The U.S. cannot accomplish anything further in Iraq militarily. It is time to bring them home.”

The bill cited that lack of progress of towards stabilizing Iraq, the possibility that a draft would be required to sustain sufficient troop numbers, Iraqi disapproval of US forces and approval of attacks on the soldiers, and the increasing costs of the war. The bill proposed that deployment to Iraq be suspended and that US Marines establish a "over-the-horizon" presence in nearby countries.

Murtha's comments forced a heated debate on the floor of the House on November 18. Republicans led by Duncan Hunter of California, chairman of the House Armed Services Committee, responded by proposing their own resolution (H. Res. 571), which many Republicans said was intended to demonstrate that those calling for immediate troop withdrawal from Iraq were “out of the mainstream”.

During debate on adopting the rule for the resolution, Congresswoman Jean Schmidt (R-Ohio) made a statement attributed to Danny Bubp, an Ohio state Representative and Marine Corps Reservist, “He also asked me to give Congressman Murtha a message: that cowards cut and run, Marines never do.”

Seeing Schmidt's remarks as an unwarranted "cheap shot" against Murtha, outraged Democrats brought House business to a halt for ten minutes until Schmidt herself asked and received permission to withdraw her comments. Bubp has since stated that he never mentioned Murtha when making the quoted comment. He added that he would never question the courage of a fellow Marine. Bubp later said, “I don't want to be interjected into this. I wish (Congresswoman Schmidt) never used my name.”

The Haditha incident occurred on November 19, 2005, and since then there have been differing accounts of exactly what took place.

In November 2005 Murtha announced that a military investigation into the Haditha killings concluded U.S. Marines had intentionally killed innocent civilians. Referring to the first report about Haditha that appeared in Time magazine, Murtha said:

"It's much worse than reported in Time magazine. There was no fire fight. There was no IED that killed these innocent people. Our troops overreacted because of the pressure on them and they killed innocent civilians in cold blood. And that's what the report is going to tell."

The Marine Corps responded to Murtha's announcement by stating that "there is an ongoing investigation; therefore, any comment at this time would be inappropriate and could undermine the investigatory and possible legal process." Murtha was criticized by conservatives for presenting a version of events as simple fact before an official investigation had been concluded.

In August 2006, Staff Sgt. Frank Wuterich filed a lawsuit against Murtha for character defamation during an ongoing investigation into the Haditha incident. In April 2009 this suit was dismissed by a federal appeals court, which ruled that Murtha could not be sued because he was acting in his official role as a lawmaker when he made the statements.

On December 21, 2006, the US military charged Wuterich with 12 counts of unpremeditated murder against individuals and one count of the murder of six people "while engaged in an act inherently dangerous to others". Charges were subsequently dropped against seven of the eight Marines involved: Capt. Lucas McConnell, Lt. Col. Jeffrey Chessani, Sgt. Sanick Dela Cruz, Lance Corporal Stephen Tatum, Lance Cpl. Justin Sharratt, Capt. Randy Stone and 1st Lt. Andrew Grayson. Only Sergeant Frank Wuterich is still facing trial on 9 counts of involuntary manslaughter.

In a June 24, 2006, speech at Florida International University, Murtha said that the military presence in Iraq was hurting U.S. credibility, citing a poll by the Pew Research Center indicating that people in several countries consider the U.S. in Iraq to be a greater threat to world peace than either Iran or North Korea. When the South Florida Sun-Sentinel reported the speech on June 25, it asserted without further evidence that it was Murtha's own view that the U.S. was a greater threat to world peace: “American presence in Iraq is more dangerous to world peace than nuclear threats from North Korea or Iran, U.S. Rep. John Murtha, D-Pa., said to a crowd of more than 200 in North Miami Saturday afternoon.”

The Sun-Sentinel story was picked up by the wire services and the Drudge Report website, leading several conservative pundits, including Bill O’Reilly, Tucker Carlson, and Newt Gingrich to comment. After the Sun-Sentinel issued a correction, O'Reilly publicly apologized.

Commenting on the prospects for the election of Barack Obama during the 2008 Presidential campaign, Murtha became the subject of controversy after deriding many of his own constituents as 'racists' who would not vote for Obama because he is black. In response to the outrage at his comments he apologized, but then reiterated the point by stating "[T]here's still folks that have a problem voting for someone because they are black. This whole area, years ago, was really redneck."

Murtha was a Democrat with a relatively populist economic outlook, and was generally much more socially conservative than most other House Democrats. He was pro-life, and voted against abortion, consistently receiving a 0% rating from NARAL and 70% rating from National Right to Life Committee[1]; however, he supported federal funding of embryonic stem cell research. He generally opposed gun control, earning an A from the National Rifle Association. Murtha was also one of the few Democrats in Congress to vote against the Bipartisan Campaign Reform Act of 2002 and also one of the few Democrats to vote in favor of medical malpractice tort reform.

He was strongly pro-labor, and opposed both the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) and the Central American Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA). He opposed President George W. Bush's tax plan and Social Security privatization, and also opposed the Federal Marriage Amendment. In 2004, he was one of only two congressmen to vote for a measure proposing reinstating the draft. He was also considered more "hawkish" than most other Democrats holding office at the time of his.

In 2001, Murtha and Duke Cunningham (R-CA) co-sponsored the Flag Desecration Amendment, which passed the House of Representatives, but not the Senate.

In late 2005, he led the effort of House Democrats to offer a motion to endorse language in a military spending bill, written by Senator John McCain, a Republican from Arizona and a fellow Vietnam veteran, that would forbid abusive treatment of terror suspects.

Murtha voted for the Affordable Healthcare for America Act (HR 3692), which passed in the House 220-215 on November 7, 2009. He said of the bill, "For nearly a century, both Democrats and Republicans have failed to enact comprehensive health care reform. Today's historic vote moves us closer to solving America's health care crisis." However, Murtha did not support allowing abortions as part of health care reform. He voted for the Stupak-Pitts Amendment to the health care bill that prohibits elective abortions for people covered by the public healthcare plan and to prohibit people receiving federal assistance from purchasing a private healthcare plan that includes abortions, except when the woman’s life is in danger. He also voted for a bill to prohibit pregnant minors from crossing state borders to obtain abortions.

Murtha's critics accused him in August of not taking action on the recent healthcare reform. Tim Burns, Murtha’s challenger for his seat in the House, invited him to attend a town hall meeting focused on healthcare, but Murtha refused. At the time, Murtha had not yet hosted a town hall meeting, even though he had held several conference call sessions with his constituents focused on healthcare. Burns’ spokesman said, “There’s been four weeks of recess and [Murtha’s] had no face-to-face meetings with his constituents to discuss healthcare at a critical juncture for our country.”

Murtha, a pro-life Democrat, did not received favorable ratings from abortion and reproductive health interest groups. Planned Parenthood, whose stated purpose is “to provide comprehensive reproductive and complementary health care,” gave him a rating of 50% in 2009. He received a rating of 28% from the National Right to Life Committee, which advocates voluntary access to family planning and reproductive health services. He received a rating of 50% from the National Family Planning and Reproductive Health Association, which advocates “access to voluntary, comprehensive and culturally sensitive family planning and reproductive health care services and ... reproductive freedom for all.”

Murtha was hospitalized for an infection caused by an accidental cut to the bile duct during gall bladder surgery. He died a week later on the afternoon of February 8, 2010, in the Virginia Hospital Center in Arlington, Virginia with his family by his side.

Speaker of the House Nancy Pelosi who was also a close friend of Murtha, said in a statement on the day of his death that "with the passing of John Murtha, America has lost a great patriot". House Republican Leader John Boehner said that "our nation has lost a decorated veteran."

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Jack Murtha

jack murtha

John Patrick "Jack" Murtha, Jr. (June 17, 1932 – February 8, 2010) was an American politician from the U.S. state of Pennsylvania. Murtha, a Democrat, represented Pennsylvania's 12th congressional district in the United States House of Representatives from 1974 until his death in 2010. The district presently stretches southwest from Johnstown (the largest city in the district and Murtha's hometown).

A former Marine Corps officer, Murtha was the first Vietnam War veteran elected to the U.S. House of Representatives. A member of the Pennsylvania House from 1969 to 1974, in 1974 he narrowly won the special election held to choose the successor to the incumbent, who died in office. In the first decade of the 21st century, Murtha has been best known for his calls for a withdrawal of American forces in Iraq.

In 2006, after the Democrats won control of Congress in the 2006 midterm elections he made a failed bid to be elected House Majority Leader for the 110th Congress (2007–2009) with the open support of the new House Speaker, Nancy Pelosi. He lost to Steny Hoyer of Maryland. After this defeat, Murtha became chairman of the House Appropriations Defense Subcommittee. He had previously chaired this subcommittee from 1989 to 1995 and served as its ranking Democrat from 1995 to 2007.

Murtha was born into an Irish-American family in New Martinsville, West Virginia; near the border with Ohio and Pennsylvania, and grew up in Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania; a largely suburban county east of Pittsburgh.

As a youth, he became an Eagle Scout. He also worked delivering newspapers and at a gas station before graduating from The Kiski School, an all-male boarding school in Saltsburg, Pennsylvania.

Murtha left Washington and Jefferson College in 1952 to join the Marine Corps and was awarded the American Spirit Honor Medal for displaying outstanding leadership qualities during training. Murtha became a drill instructor at Parris Island and was selected for Officer Candidate School at Quantico, Virginia. Murtha was then assigned to the Second Marine Division, Camp Lejeune, North Carolina.

Murtha remained in the Marine Forces Reserve, and ran a small business, Johnstown Minute Car Wash (which still operates in the West End section of Johnstown.) He also attended the University of Pittsburgh on the G.I. Bill, and received a degree in economics. Murtha later took graduate courses from the Indiana University of Pennsylvania. Murtha married his wife Joyce on June 10, 1955. They have three children and live in Johnstown.

Murtha left the Marines in 1955. He remained in the Reserves after his discharge from active duty until he volunteered for service in the Vietnam War, serving from 1966 to 1967, serving as a battalion staff officer (S-2 Intelligence Section), receiving the Bronze Star with Valor device, two Purple Hearts and the Vietnamese Cross of Gallantry. He retired from the Marine Corps Reserve as a Colonel in 1990, receiving the Navy Distinguished Service Medal.

Murtha was admitted to the hospital after suffering from abdominal pains in December 2009. Murtha had surgery to remove his gallbladder in late January 2010; a week later, he was admitted to the intensive care unit due to complications from the surgery. He died on February 8, 2010.

He was elected to represent the 72nd legislative district in the Pennsylvania House of Representatives on May 20, 1969.

Murtha faced tough primary challenges in 1982, 1990 and again in 2002. The 1982 challenge occurred when the Republican-controlled state legislature took advantage of Murtha's connection to Abscam, and incorporated most of the district of fellow Democrat and Vietnam War veteran Don Bailey of Westmoreland County into the 12th District.

The 2002 challenge occurred when the state legislature redrew the district of fellow Democrat Frank Mascara to make it more Republican-friendly, but shifted a large chunk of Mascara's former territory into Murtha's district. Mascara opted to run against Murtha in the Democratic primary, since the new 12th contained more of Mascara's old territory than Murtha's. However, Mascara was badly defeated.

In 2006, Murtha's Republican challenger was Diana Irey, a county commissioner from Washington County, the heart of Mascara's former district. Irey attacked Murtha for his criticism of the Iraq war. Even though Irey was Murtha's strongest Republican opponent in decades, she polled well behind Murtha throughout the campaign. An October 12, 2006 poll by the Pittsburgh Tribune-Review showed Murtha with a commanding lead over Irey, 57%–30%. In the November election, Murtha won 61%–39%.

On June 9, 2006, Murtha informed Minority Leader Nancy Pelosi that he would run for Majority Leader if the Democrats gained control of the House in the 2006 midterm elections. Despite Murtha receiving Pelosi's support, current Democratic Whip Steny Hoyer was elected to the post.

On March 18, 2008, Murtha endorsed Hillary Rodham Clinton, former First Lady and former Senator from New York, in her bid for the presidency.

In 1980, during his fourth term as a Congressman, Murtha became embroiled in the Abscam investigation, which targeted dozens of congressmen. The investigation entailed FBI operatives posing as intermediaries for Saudi nationals hoping to bribe their way through the immigration process into the United States. Murtha met with these operatives and was videotaped. He did agree to testify against Frank Thompson (D-NJ) and John Murphy (D-NY), the two Congressmen mentioned as participants in the deal at the same meeting and who were later video taped placing the cash bribes in their trousers. The FBI videotaped Murtha responding to an offer of $50,000, with Murtha saying, "I'm not interested... at this point. [If] we do business for a while, maybe I'll be interested, maybe I won't", right after Murtha had offered to provide names of businesses and banks in his district where money could be invested legally. The U.S. Attorneys Office reasoned that Murtha's intent was to obtain investment in his district. Full length viewing of the tape shows Murtha citing prospective investment opportunities that could return "500 or 1000" miners to work.

Murtha was targeted by Citizens for Responsibility and Ethics in Washington as one of the 20 most corrupt members of Congress.

In September 2006 the Citizens for Responsibility and Ethics in Washington (CREW) listed Murtha under Five Members to Watch in its Second Annual Most Corrupt Members of Congress Report. The report cited Murtha's steering of defense appropriations to clients of KSA Consulting, which employed his brother Robert, and the PMA Group, founded by Paul Magliocchetti, a former senior staffer on the Appropriations Committee Subcommittee on Defense.

In 2008, Esquire Magazine named him one of the 10 worst members of Congress because of his opposition to ethics reform and the $100 million a year he brings in earmarks to his district. The Wall Street Journal has called him "one of Congress's most unapologetic earmarkers." According to the Pennsylvania Report, Murtha was one of "Pennsylvania’s most powerful congressman" and a "master of crossing the aisle and bringing pork into his district."

In February 2009, CQ Politics reported that Murtha was one of 104 U.S. representatives to earmark funds in the 2008 Defense appropriations spending bill for a lobbying group that had contributed to his past election campaigns. The spending bill, which was managed by Murtha in his capacity as Chairman of the House Appropriations Subcommittee on Defense, secured $38.1 million for clients of the PMA Group in the single fiscal law. The PMA Group is currently under investigation by the FBI.

In March 2009, the Washington Post reported that a Pennsylvania defense research center regularly consulted with two "handlers" close to Murtha while it received nearly $250 million in federal funding via Murtha's earmarks. The center then channeled a significant portion of the funding to companies that were among Murtha's campaign supporters.

Murtha voted for the October 10, 2002 resolution that authorized the use of force against Iraq. However, he later began expressing doubts about the war. On March 17, 2004, when Republicans offered a “War in Iraq Anniversary Resolution” that “affirms that the United States and the world have been made safer with the removal of Saddam Hussein and his regime from power in Iraq”, when JD Hayworth called for a recorded vote, Murtha then voted against it.

Still, in early 2005 Murtha argued against the withdrawal of American troops from Iraq. “A premature withdrawal of our troops based on a political timetable could rapidly devolve into a civil war which would leave America’s foreign policy in disarray as countries question not only America’s judgment but also its perseverance”, he stated.

On November 17, 2005, Murtha submitted the H.J. Res. 73 in the House of Representatives, calling for the redeployment of U.S. troops in Iraq, saying, "The U.S. cannot accomplish anything further in Iraq militarily. It is time to bring them home.”

The bill cited that lack of progress of towards stabilizing Iraq, the possibility that a draft would be required to sustain sufficient troop numbers, Iraqi disapproval of US forces and approval of attacks on the soldiers, and the increasing costs of the war. The bill proposed that deployment to Iraq be suspended and that US Marines establish a "over-the-horizon" presence in nearby countries.

Murtha's comments forced a heated debate on the floor of the House on November 18. Republicans led by Duncan Hunter of California, chairman of the House Armed Services Committee, responded by proposing their own resolution (H. Res. 571), which many Republicans said was intended to demonstrate that those calling for immediate troop withdrawal from Iraq were “out of the mainstream”.

During debate on adopting the rule for the resolution, Congresswoman Jean Schmidt (R-Ohio) made a statement attributed to Danny Bubp, an Ohio state Representative and Marine Corps Reservist, “He also asked me to give Congressman Murtha a message: that cowards cut and run, Marines never do.”

Seeing Schmidt's remarks as an unwarranted "cheap shot" against Murtha, outraged Democrats brought House business to a halt for ten minutes until Schmidt herself asked and received permission to withdraw her comments. Bubp has since stated that he never mentioned Murtha when making the quoted comment. He added that he would never question the courage of a fellow Marine. Bubp later said, “I don't want to be interjected into this. I wish (Congresswoman Schmidt) never used my name.”

The Haditha incident occurred on November 19, 2005, and since then there have been differing accounts of exactly what took place.

In November 2005 Murtha announced that a military investigation into the Haditha killings concluded U.S. Marines had intentionally killed innocent civilians. Referring to the first report about Haditha that appeared in Time magazine, Murtha said:

"It's much worse than reported in Time magazine. There was no fire fight. There was no IED that killed these innocent people. Our troops overreacted because of the pressure on them and they killed innocent civilians in cold blood. And that's what the report is going to tell."

The Marine Corps responded to Murtha's announcement by stating that "there is an ongoing investigation; therefore, any comment at this time would be inappropriate and could undermine the investigatory and possible legal process." Murtha was criticized by conservatives for presenting a version of events as simple fact before an official investigation had been concluded.

In August 2006, Staff Sgt. Frank Wuterich filed a lawsuit against Murtha for character defamation during an ongoing investigation into the Haditha incident. In April 2009 this suit was dismissed by a federal appeals court, which ruled that Murtha could not be sued because he was acting in his official role as a lawmaker when he made the statements.

On December 21, 2006, the US military charged Wuterich with 12 counts of unpremeditated murder against individuals and one count of the murder of six people "while engaged in an act inherently dangerous to others". Charges were subsequently dropped against seven of the eight Marines involved: Capt. Lucas McConnell, Lt. Col. Jeffrey Chessani, Sgt. Sanick Dela Cruz, Lance Corporal Stephen Tatum, Lance Cpl. Justin Sharratt, Capt. Randy Stone and 1st Lt. Andrew Grayson. Only Sergeant Frank Wuterich is still facing trial on 9 counts of involuntary manslaughter.

In a June 24, 2006, speech at Florida International University, Murtha said that the military presence in Iraq was hurting U.S. credibility, citing a poll by the Pew Research Center indicating that people in several countries consider the U.S. in Iraq to be a greater threat to world peace than either Iran or North Korea. When the South Florida Sun-Sentinel reported the speech on June 25, it asserted without further evidence that it was Murtha's own view that the U.S. was a greater threat to world peace: “American presence in Iraq is more dangerous to world peace than nuclear threats from North Korea or Iran, U.S. Rep. John Murtha, D-Pa., said to a crowd of more than 200 in North Miami Saturday afternoon.”

The Sun-Sentinel story was picked up by the wire services and the Drudge Report website, leading several conservative pundits, including Bill O’Reilly, Tucker Carlson, and Newt Gingrich to comment. After the Sun-Sentinel issued a correction, O'Reilly publicly apologized.

Commenting on the prospects for the election of Barack Obama during the 2008 Presidential campaign, Murtha became the subject of controversy after deriding many of his own constituents as 'racists' who would not vote for Obama because he is black. In response to the outrage at his comments he apologized, but then reiterated the point by stating "[T]here's still folks that have a problem voting for someone because they are black. This whole area, years ago, was really redneck."

Murtha was a Democrat with a relatively populist economic outlook, and was generally much more socially conservative than most other House Democrats. He was pro-life, and voted against abortion, consistently receiving a 0% rating from NARAL and 70% rating from National Right to Life Committee[1]; however, he supported federal funding of embryonic stem cell research. He generally opposed gun control, earning an A from the National Rifle Association. Murtha was also one of the few Democrats in Congress to vote against the Bipartisan Campaign Reform Act of 2002 and also one of the few Democrats to vote in favor of medical malpractice tort reform.

He was strongly pro-labor, and opposed both the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) and the Central American Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA). He opposed President George W. Bush's tax plan and Social Security privatization, and also opposed the Federal Marriage Amendment. In 2004, he was one of only two congressmen to vote for a measure proposing reinstating the draft. He was also considered more "hawkish" than most other Democrats holding office at the time of his.

In 2001, Murtha and Duke Cunningham (R-CA) co-sponsored the Flag Desecration Amendment, which passed the House of Representatives, but not the Senate.

In late 2005, he led the effort of House Democrats to offer a motion to endorse language in a military spending bill, written by Senator John McCain, a Republican from Arizona and a fellow Vietnam veteran, that would forbid abusive treatment of terror suspects.

Murtha voted for the Affordable Healthcare for America Act (HR 3692), which passed in the House 220-215 on November 7, 2009. He said of the bill, "For nearly a century, both Democrats and Republicans have failed to enact comprehensive health care reform. Today's historic vote moves us closer to solving America's health care crisis." However, Murtha did not support allowing abortions as part of health care reform. He voted for the Stupak-Pitts Amendment to the health care bill that prohibits elective abortions for people covered by the public healthcare plan and to prohibit people receiving federal assistance from purchasing a private healthcare plan that includes abortions, except when the woman’s life is in danger. He also voted for a bill to prohibit pregnant minors from crossing state borders to obtain abortions.

Murtha's critics accused him in August of not taking action on the recent healthcare reform. Tim Burns, Murtha’s challenger for his seat in the House, invited him to attend a town hall meeting focused on healthcare, but Murtha refused. At the time, Murtha had not yet hosted a town hall meeting, even though he had held several conference call sessions with his constituents focused on healthcare. Burns’ spokesman said, “There’s been four weeks of recess and [Murtha’s] had no face-to-face meetings with his constituents to discuss healthcare at a critical juncture for our country.”

Murtha, a pro-life Democrat, did not received favorable ratings from abortion and reproductive health interest groups. Planned Parenthood, whose stated purpose is “to provide comprehensive reproductive and complementary health care,” gave him a rating of 50% in 2009. He received a rating of 28% from the National Right to Life Committee, which advocates voluntary access to family planning and reproductive health services. He received a rating of 50% from the National Family Planning and Reproductive Health Association, which advocates “access to voluntary, comprehensive and culturally sensitive family planning and reproductive health care services and ... reproductive freedom for all.”

Murtha was hospitalized for an infection caused by an accidental cut to the bile duct during gall bladder surgery. He died a week later on the afternoon of February 8, 2010, in the Virginia Hospital Center in Arlington, Virginia with his family by his side.

Speaker of the House Nancy Pelosi who was also a close friend of Murtha, said in a statement on the day of his death that "with the passing of John Murtha, America has lost a great patriot". House Republican Leader John Boehner said that "our nation has lost a decorated veteran."

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