Monday, March 15, 2010

IT-giants to chip development.

Leading American IT-company decided to "chip in" to help the national economy - not without benefit to itself, of course. Total plans to collect about $ 3.5 billion, this money will be invested in the U.S. IT-developers, as well as an increase in the number of jobs in the IT-industry.

The economic crisis has seriously undermined the U.S. position as a world technology leader, capable of creating innovative products and solutions. In 2009, Intel and Newsweek conducted a poll which showed: only a third of Americans believe in the fact that their nation will remain a technological leader in the race for the next 30 years.

Realizing that the situation must somehow be corrected, the largest U.S. IT-companies, including Intel, Cisco, HP, Dell and others, have launched a joint initiative. It is the declared goal - help the U.S. economy. Assistance will be implemented in two ways - the largest producers are investing in local developers $ 3.5 billion, and in parallel - will increase the range of computer and engineering specialists in your home state. Last is especially touching when over the last year of massive cuts of various IT-staff. Now, when economic growth resumed, companies still need to hire additional staff - so why not do so under the banner of the native country?

With investments in development is not so simple. Long been known that the abundance of various software and all sorts of technological "tricks perfectly (albeit indirectly) stimulates the sale of computer equipment. And that money will get it and the only American designers, will appease the trade unions themselves (yes, in the States and the trade unions have programming). After all, these unions have long felt indignant over the fact that the lion's share of allocated money spent on the development of Indian, Chinese, Irish and partly even Belarusian outsourcers.

However, turn to the details. The instigator of the initiative made by the corporation Intel - it was she who suggested that a group of companies Invest in America Alliance. The proposal was voiced by the president himself, and Intel CEO Paul Otellini during his speech, held at the headquarters of the nonprofit organization The Brookings Institution in Washington. Quote: "Business is able to provide support and to assist her, despite the achievements of the State in this direction, or lack thereof."

Soon after the document was adopted in which, inter alia, said: "The ultimate objective of Invest in America Alliance is to strengthen U.S. competitiveness in the international arena through the development of promising sectors of the economy and employment generation." Financing, by the way, will go through a global investment fund Intel Capital.

Act this industrial alliance will be on the two programs. The first program is scheduled to invest over the next two years, a total of $ 3.5 billion in hi-tech companies located in the United States. Investments will have small and medium-promising firms that deal with information technology, biotechnology, "smart" energy and renewable energy. This list is not accidental: alliance members believe that these areas should be considered as key areas of the U.S. economy. So if vigorously develop them now, they certainly play an important role on the world market in the near future.

It is expected that in the first program, except for proper Intel Capital to take part more than two dozen investment funds. And the program will create new jobs in such segments as molecular diagnostics, bioinformatics and others. That is, will create a cadre reserve for the future.

The second program - strictly personnel. In her part of the leading IT-companies, which entered the community of Invest in America Alliance, committed themselves to increase in 2010, recruitment of new staff. Some of them have promised to increase employment immediately doubled. This preference will be given to graduates of educational institutions - that is, it comes to providing first job.

In total, over 2010 members of the alliance should be made to work about 10,5 thousand graduates, mostly in engineering and computer skills. But not only - will also be recruited specialists in such areas as financial analysis, marketing, consulting, sales, etc. Results for this initiative have already joined 17 companies, including Accenture, Adobe Systems, Autodesk, Broadcom, Cisco Systems, Dell, eBay, EMC, General Electric, Google, HP, Marvell Semiconductor, Microsoft and Yahoo.

Commenting on the initiative of the personnel, the head of personnel Intel Richard Taylor said: "The graduates are among the people, for whom the crisis has had the greatest impact. Give them jobs today - the best way to provide innovative development of our economy."

However, until the formation of neither the first nor the second program to be completed. It is expected that in the coming months to a group of Invest in America Alliance will join the new investment funds and technology companies.

By the way, this is not the first such program. Early last year, Intel announced that it intends for several years to invest in updating its infrastructure in the United States, a total of $ 7 billion as a result of such large-scale modernization should appear about 7 thousand permanent jobs and more than 4,000 temporary jobs for construction workers and technicians. However, the statement Intel has been more political.

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IBM is preparing optical chips.

Staff research division of IBM said that they were able to develop the last element of the set, which is required for the construction of fundamentally new - optical - computer chips. In such circuits signals between transistors and cores will be transmitted through the light pulses.

So far, IBM is not specifically advertise the fact that a large group corporation engaged in applied scientists silicon photonics - the science that is examining ways to transfer data within computer systems using light pulses. But now the press office of IBM proudly told the world: scientists have created a corporation nanophotonic avalanche photo detector - a miniature device, capable of extremely high speeds to convert light pulses into a binary code.

It is based on all the same semiconductors. Spillage on the photodetector of a light pulse, in his material released several carriers, which then release the other carriers - is cascading effect. As a result of the original signal is multiplied many times, and the device consuming the equivalent, compared with other similar photodetectors, the amount of energy and working voltage of 1.5 V, is able to receive optical signals at 40 Gbit / s and with minimum interference to give 400 billion bits per second of digital information. That is, the incoming signal is multiplied by 10 times.

To produce the photodetector were used silicon and germanium, ie materials that are widely used in modern microelectronics. It is important and that the photodetector was fabricated using modern production technologies, already used in mass production of electronic components. This means that it is not so hard to establish a commercial production of hybrid chips, in which the photodetectors will be located next to the transistors and provide a link between them and the kernels with light pulses.

A new avalanche photodetector - is the last component of a set of tools that are required for designing optical hybrid chip. First - back in December 2007-th - IBM announced the development of electro-optic modulator, which converts electrical signals into optical pulses. That is, electro-optical modulator makes the inverse established now photodetector. In addition, in recent years has also developed a tiny router to control optical signals, as well as a buffer to store them - ie the components necessary for the development of optical chips.

Even the developers are confident that the hybrid optoelectronic chips will bring the era of compact and efficient in terms of energy consumption of supercomputers with computing power, measured in ekzaflopah. This is a thousand times more than capable of providing advanced high-performance computing systems.

Applied silicon photonics is one of the most promising directions of development of microelectronics. It is no accident development in this area are many companies, including - Sun Microsystems and Intel. In 2008, Intel first announced that she was able to develop a similar avalanche photodetector with an output bandwidth of 340 GHz. However, IBM representatives say that their device is 20 times smaller than any of the existing developments. This allowed, in particular, to reduce by approximately 60% of noise in signal amplification.

Day again become shorter.

The earthquake in Chile, a magnitude of 8.8 points the Earth's axis shifted by about 2.7 milliarksekundy, ie 8 cm and the length of Earth days decreased by 1.26 microseconds. These are the modeling results conducted by NASA experts. This is not so much when compared with the more powerful 2004 earthquake near Sumatra, a magnitude 9.1 points. Then night fell by 6.8 microseconds.

With the help of instruments is practically impossible to fix these microscopic changes, but they can be a high degree of reliability model. In strong tectonic shifts change the distribution of mass in the volume of the globe, which affects the rotation of the planet.

According to NASA, the displacement of the axis - is not the only consequence of the earthquake. For example, a small island of Santa Maria near the second largest Chilean city of Concepcion could easily rise to two meters above sea level. At least, as a result of past earthquakes, he was raised.

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Google accused Microsoft in a proxy war.

As is known, in late February, the EU began antitrust investigation against Google, launched by small companies, close to Microsoft. It turns out that this is not an isolated case. The Wall Street Journal cites evidence of so-called "proxy wars", that is a global campaign, which was organized by Microsoft against Google smallest third of firms and, at first glance, unrelated to each other cases. Such "competition" of affairs is becoming more and more, they start in individual countries and towns of the United States, but, surprisingly, against Google, they serve the best-paid lawyers from law firms, and sometimes the "former" top lawyers Microsoft, is now supposedly Leading independent legal business. For example, a small business firm in Ohio against Google is famous Charles Ruhl (Charles "Rick" Rule), the former head of the Antimonopoly Committee of the Ministry of Justice.

According to analysts, in the near future we can expect that many small business will merge into one large-scale trial of an online "monopoly" Google. The results can be catastrophic, such as results of the antitrust case against Microsoft in the late 90's. The corporation has failed to fix its image after the widely publicized trial. Before it begins, it was a promising innovative company, and after the process it has become in the eyes of the public in a monopoly and "evil corporation", and can not change that image so far.

Microsoft rejected the accusations in the initiation of claims, but confirms its readiness to provide legal assistance in the preparation of claims to all victims of any kind was a monopoly. With the participation of Microsoft in Europe, an organization ICOMP (Initiative for a Competitive Online Marketplace), the sole target of legal claims, which is so far only one company. Of course, this is Google.

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Skype on Ovi Store

Last week, Skype and Nokia solemnly announced a Skype for Symbian - free software application, which can now download and install any owner of the Nokia on S60 5 th edition. Thus, carriers are transformed into ordinary Internet service providers, and the super-profits on roaming will soon have to forget forever.

It is known that release of the program took place on 15 February, but the last event is a landmark in the light of the confrontation with all Nokia mobile operators worldwide. Release any Skype software has the right, there can not do anything, but now running almost "criminal" in his trademark soft-store - such operators are unlikely to forgive the Finns.

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Wednesday, March 3, 2010

What is real time?

Perhaps more difficult to meet the stereotype "about computer" concept than real time. And yet, as practice shows, not only the majority of users, but most IT professionals have a very vague idea of what lies behind these very common term.

Real time - it is actually a sign that the system place a stringent requirement on the reaction rate (response time) to any external events. The term "real time", by the way, almost never used - talk about real-time systems or, more often about real-time. If the system is operating in real time, does not provide the required response time, then talk about her refusal.

real timeReal-time systems tend to interact with processes in the real world (hence the "real" time), which usually do not depend on the actions of the system - on the contrary, by the way, the actions of both time and are dependent on external "stimuli". Events in the outside world can occur spontaneously, and the system operates in real time, should always provide a predictable response time to any of them. A typical task that runs in real time, a registration and processing of signals from external devices.

If we talk about the typical examples of systems that operate in real time, the first thing worth mentioning system controlling various technological processes - from production of any industrial products and finishing chemicals and even nuclear reactions. It is clear that for systems of a similar level of one of the main demands of their work is fault-tolerance - that is, the system's ability to carry out their work at virtually any change in external conditions. Failure to meet the challenge system in the required time could not only lead to financial losses, but even in casualties.

Accepted share real-time systems into two classes: system "hard" real-time systems "soft" real-time. The first class includes systems in which the excess of the maximum response time is tantamount to a denial of the system. The second also includes those systems for which short-term delays in the lead only to an acceptable degradation of the system.

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Verizon Outage

Is your blackberry phone not working?

I heard there was a wide spread outage for BlackBerry users. I can't even call someone. The radio is off, and I can't get on the internet. I heard that the issue was resolved Monday but, not for me. This stinks. I have a blackberry curve. Forget the number. But, my service is verizon.

Anyone have a blackberry, is your phone not working?

I used to have Verizon, and the internet was fine, pretty fast, and I never had laggy Xbox live. One day we had an internet outage and a month after the internet outage was supposedly resolved, Verizon couldn't get ours running again (2 technicians came!). Anyways, we got fed up and switched to Earthlink. Our Earthlink Setup- we have a modem connected by cable in the basement, and our linksys router we bought connects to that. We connect, but the internet on the computer is seemingly quite a bit slower, Xbox Live is super laggy. We knew the connection would be slower, but not this much slower! Should it be this bad? My main concern is Xbox Live, I can deal with slow internet browsing, but Xbox Live is laggy to the point where it is unplayable. Would the router and modem being in the basement have anything to do with it? Can I call in and just request to be given a faster service at a higher fee, of course, and without them having to come in and set up some new thing or whatever? Please help. Thanks in advance :)

verizon outageMaking my Internet Faster? (I use Earthlink)?

It's been almost 48 hours and my internet hasn't been working, including all of my apps that use internet and BBM. If there isn't an outage, do I need to go to the verizon store?

Is anyone else experiencing an internet outage on their blackberry for verizon wireless?

i never dropped my phone, never got it wet, or anything. I have the lg voyager with verizon. My phone has been "searching for service" for a whole day. I cant tell whats wrong with it. I know its not an outage in my area because i have been around places, and i still dont get service. I cant make calls texts or recieve calls or texts. So that means i cant call *228 from my phone to fix it. I can still look through my phone and see my old text messages and contacts and pictures, but i cant text or call. Please help me, i need my phone to work. Its important.

My phone has been "searching for service" for a day?

It had worked previously, and currently, the email function works fine. I am with Verizon Wireless, have a data plan, and otherwise, have not made any changes. One variable is that the phone's internet connection stopped working during a power outage in my home, and once power was restored, the internet did not rectify itself and still does not work. Any ideas?

My blackberry curve 8330 smartphone cannot use the internet via the phone's browser?

I used their live chat and it's a nation wide outage. Don't change the channel or you will lose that box! And yes this is a question, I wanna see how many people are affected, and be sure to mention what area you live in. I'm in Northern Virginia

Anybody else having Verizon FIOS TV problems?

ok so theres a tad bit of a back story last night there was a short power outage here. i have verizon dsl. i have 3 computers 1 desktop hadwired, 1 laptop hardwired and one laptop wireless. i have a linksys wrt160N wireless N router. internet didn't work in the morning after the outage. so i called verizon then later linksys and verizon fixed the issue on their side and i can connect directly from the dsl modem. but when i run it into my router it does not connect to internet. i can get to the linksys site thing to change setting when connect to router. so the router is not corrupt or anything. i tried everything like restarting router and modem resetting them both restarting computers we tried them all with the companies on the line. but it still wont work through router. they even gave me new ip or something PLEASE help what do i do to make it work, i've tried resetting it still wont work. now i sat on the phone for 5 hours with both verizon and linksys neither could help me with router issue without paying.

With Verizon Fios, does a corded telephone still work during a power outage?

I have a dell desktop and a few days ago my power went out. Since then, my dell desktop and router are not connecting. Everything is plugged in correctly but I keep getting the error message "Cable Not Connected". I got a new router today and I still get the same message so it has to be the computer. I have Verizon Fios, and it was working great before the power outage. Can you please walk me through how to fix this? ThxAlready got a new cable. I'll have to purchase a new card like you suggested. Where would I get one from? Also, where on the desktop does it go?

Dell desktop saying cable not connected?

I have a JVC AV-56P575. There was a power outage about a week ago, and my HD FIOS set top box was damaged. It worked through the HDMI port on my TV, but when changing the channel on my STB, it would lock up and crash. Video would freeze, no audio, and 'd01' would display on the STB. I immediately checked other devices on my TV via HDMI, and they worked. After getting in my new STB from Verizon, i hooked it up, and the TV shows 'No Program' when connected via HDMI or RGB/LR connectors, which i'm assuming are going through the HD converter board (if there is such a thing). Weird thing is, i can hear sound when using the RGB/LR connectors, but no video. With HDMI there is no video or sound. A have checked other devices via HDMI and RGB/LR on the TV, and they all produce the same symptoms. I am at a loss. I can get into the Service Menu, as shown here but these are different models, and the menu is different. Any help is appreciated. I cant afford a $100-$300 service call to get this fixed, and i dont want to pay extra/month for HD if i wont be able to use it.I am pretty savvy when it comes to electronics. If needed i could take the TV apart. The only "testing" equipment i have is a multimiter, but i believe the problem doesnt require a physical fix. I have also tested 4 different (new and used) HDMI and RGB/LR cables, all with the same symptoms.All my electronics are plugged into a surge suppressor of some sort (most everything, including my TV/STB are plugged into APC UPS'). I just tried to use HDMI again, and it looks like it's trying to get a signal from HDMI now: it flashes green/pink, then goes black, green/pink, black, and so on. I would like to try to just reset the HDMI from the Service Menu, but i cannot figure out how to do this with my model TV.

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The heyday of spy-mania.

Tell me, you will be pleased to know that after you spy on... that is, excuse me, are a tacit observation? Presumably, this is unlikely and that the vast majority of readers against espionage. Meanwhile, there is often a dilemma: what is still more important - privacy or the security provided by surveillance?

spy-maniaThe dilemma that arose repeatedly throughout the existence of mankind, but the information technology, we can say, brought her to the hitherto unattainable heights. That in itself is, in principle, it is quite understandable: after all, to follow someone else has never been so easy as now. And it is not just about the notorious spying on the actions of users on the Internet: now with the hype around it, many forget about such "childish" ways as cameras, keyloggers and other such things.

Last week, the tops of news sites got a news intimately connected with the universal spy mania (although probably correct to say, shpionofobiey). The parents of one of the students from Philadelphia unexpectedly found that school leadership can remotely activate the camera on laptops issued to students under the federal education program, which immediately provoked a storm of indignation and protest in American society. As it turned out so that each of the 1,880 students who received at its disposal a laptop (for it should say thanks to the program "One-to-One", which is funded from local and federal budgets) could potentially be under the supervision of their schoolmasters.

Parents of a schoolboy who scored the first alarm at the school of espionage, saying that he first learned that their home "settled" a spy, after their son was in school for the remark "inappropriate behavior at home." And the remark was not just gratuitous: evidence of "improper conduct" were pictures taken with built-in laptop web-camera. Based on these images, the parents of the teenager, of course, outraged to the depths of the soul and demanded an explanation from the administration of the school. Deputy Director of the school, must pay tribute to her, did not conceal anything, and immediately confirmed that the leadership of the school really has all the possibilities for creating such images.

The boy's parents say that when the latter issued a laptop, no one warned him or them that school authorities will be able to monitor their student at home. Once the student's parents filed a lawsuit in the leadership of the school, revealed that in fact this feature is intended to search for stolen or lost laptop.

As you can see, in this case, the cause of the conflict has exceeded its authority in school management to use the tracking system, rather than the mere presence of such functionality in laptops issued to students. What, however, does not change the most fundamental motive underlying the conflict. After all, if the opportunity is, there is always someone to use it, and among those who take advantage, necessarily will be found and those who make it unacceptable to the other way. The very same question that is more important - privacy or security - remains open...

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News for developers.

Oracle today announced the launch of a new version of a package of tools Oracle Enterprise Pack for Eclipse Release 11g within the strategy to support communities of developers and Open Source, said C using this free set of plug-ins, developers can create applications based on Java EE and web-services, executed on the platform of Oracle Fusion Middleware. For this platform, Eclipse is the preferred IDE. In this version of Eclipse includes a set of important functions, which provides Oracle, including the unique features of the application server Oracle WebLogic Server, WYSIWYG-editor-web-pages that support the Component Architecture SCA, possible to verify the correctness of code web-services-based specification JAX-WS, an integrated toolkit to work with tags and data (tag and data palette), as well as editors from the development of logic (smart editors). Another novelty of this version - function Oracle AppXRay, which provides tools for analysis and visualization of the dependence of the period of design (design time dependency). These tools simplify the Java-developers to work within a team, significantly reducing the time to debug programs (run-time debugging), and increase the quality of code.

The company announced the launch of Altova Altova MissionKit 2010 Release 2. The new version of the set appeared the 64-bit versions of components and increase application performance. In this case the most significant innovation associated with the transition to 64 bits - is, of course, a noticeable change in size limits XML-files. Now, instead of 100-megabyte limit, developers can handle XML-files up to 1 GB. XMLSpy 2010 R2 is now faster with large files quickly checks XML-schema, as well as for the first time supports the HTTPS protocol in the SOAP-client and SOAP-debugger. In the R2 release also supports version control platforms SharePoint Server. In addition, the editor learned to generate code in C + + for Linux. Among other features production Altova MissionKit 2010 R2 noteworthy new features in data processing and linking of electronic documents in the cartographic component, MapForce, and support for editable variables in the forms of Authentic, created by the constructor StyleVision. In component UModel appears support for the latest UML standard version 2.3. DiffDog now supports integration with Windows Explorer for search operations differences (diff) and merging (merge). The module SchemaAgent supports the standard WSDL 2.0.

According to "Computertape", Rhomobile updated to version 1.4 open framework Rhodes, intended for developing applications for major mobile platforms. Rhodes simplifies the creation of mobile applications through the use of Ruby and HTML instead of Java and Objective-C. In theory framework can and does write code for all possible platforms only once, and then translate it for all supported mobile "axis", including the Apple iPhone OS, Symbian, Google Android, Microsoft Windows Mobile and RIM BlackBerry OS. In practice, however, everything as usual, more complicated. Prepared by the hosting application development environment RhoHub: the program can be created directly in the browser.

Released Release 1.7.1 free library GDAL/OGR for processing raster and vector mapping information, said This is a bugfix release, as in release 1.7.0 have been found such serious errors that his sources have been removed from public access. Nevertheless, compared with 1.6 .* branch, there is a significant increase in the functional. It became available to new GDAL drivers BAG, EPSILON, Northwood/VerticalMapper, R, Rasterlite, SAGA GIS Binary, SRP (USRP/ASRP), EarthWatch. TIL, WKT Raster; new OGR drivers DXF, GeoRSS, GTM, PCIDSK and VFK; new tools and gdaldem gdalbuildvrt. Implemented support for Python 3.X and significant improvements GDAL drivers GeoRaster, GeoTIFF, HFA, JPEG2000 Jasper, JPEG2000 Kakadu, NITF, as well as significant improvements OGR-drivers CSV, KML, SQLite (SpatiaLite support), VRT.

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Monday, March 1, 2010

Microsoft is a platform Windows Phone 7 Series

Windows Phone 7 SeriesAt the event, Mobile World Congress 2010 company Microsoft Microsoft introduced a new software platform - Windows Phone 7 Series. I must say that renaming the Windows Mobile OS in Windows phone contributed not only sophisticated marketing. The fact that the new version of mobile OS is truly different from its predecessor. Almost from scratch rewrite of the interface, it is more informative, it appeared a large number of dynamic elements that, although a negative impact on performance. Full documentation for developers yet, but it is clear that the majority of applications designed for older operating systems will have to be rewritten. At the core software for Windows Phone 7 Series is. NET Compact Framework, is also supported by technology Silverlight (an alternative to Flash from Microsoft). Special emphasis is placed on the operating system in a number of integrated services: a set of preinstalled applications to work with blogs and social networks, Windows Phone Hubs, combining similar content from the Internet gaming service Xbox LIVE, Marketplace, etc. Each device that is running Windows Phone 7 Series, will be a separate button to switch to Microsoft's search engine Bing. Unfortunately, announcement did not signify the completion of the platform. Production of smartphones running Windows Phone 7 Series, will only begin to Christmas, and during that time the situation will change: for sure Google will release a number of versions Android, will go on sale the next generation iPhone, Samsung is actively promoting Bada OS, and even Symbian^3 is also impossible underestimate the (already has information on the first working under this OS smartphone - Nokia X10), and whether Microsoft's platform to the end of 2010 this innovative and relevant, what is now, time will tell.

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U.S. cellular operators will use Skype.

At the recently concluded international conference in Barcelona Mobile World Congress the largest mobile service provider Verizon Wireless has signed a historic partnership agreement with IP-telephony provider Skype.

cellular operatorsIn accordance with this agreement, Verizon subscribers will be free to communicate via Skype. International calls will cost two cents a minute or three dollars a month. The program starts in late March and will be available for owners of 9 types smartphones.

In addition, as reported by The Washington Post, the company will develop mobile offer Skype for smartphone 3G. Downloading an application that will allow Skype users unlimited calls to other Skype users in the network of U.S. operator, and also to make international calls at rates Skype. Calls to any non-Skype number will be calculated at rates Verizon. Annex Skype Mobile will include instant messaging, social networking tools, and then it will be possible to conduct video conferences.

Experts have called the agreement a breakthrough in the outlook of telecom operators. Prior to that, in relations Skype with mobile operators and wireline reigned real hostility. Many operators have blocked the application Skype on mobile phones. Until recently it was only available on the iPhone and only mode Wi-Fi Hot Spots. Last fall there was some easing of tensions on the part of AT&T, which said that the program will allow Skype to work in the phones of its customers, but so far nothing concrete has not been done.

Verizon became the first U.S. operator that will actively promote the services of Skype. "This is a breakthrough ... We feel this change in thinking operators. The attitude of some operators is changing fast", - said in an interview with Reuters, CEO of Skype Deosh Silverman.

In Verizon hopes that by offering services to Skype, they can attract more customers. "We go mad, the fact that 200 million Americans are not our customers. We think that providing a rich application, we will attract a whole group of new users", - commented to Reuters news director of marketing for Verizon, John Stratton. In his view, the new customers the company will generate more income than they lose on international calls.

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Virus-related moves to the hardware level.

Kaspersky Lab said on patenting in the U.S. hardware anti-virus system to effectively deal with rootkits.

fighting virusesAs part of the new technology are encouraged to use hardware anti-virus - a device neutralizing the most common type of threats - malicious programs which reside on a hard drive or infect existing files on it.

The patented anti-virus checks the data to be stored on the harddisk, identifies malware and blocks their entry.

The device is placed between the storage device (hard or SSD-drive) and computing unit (CPU and memory), connecting to the system bus or integrated in the hard disk controller. When using hardware anti-virus blocks or allows writing data to disk, producing reports of threats and their actions to the user (the dialogue with the user is possible if the PC hardware tools for managing anti-virus). The device can operate separately or in conjunction with antivirus software.

Due to the hardware rather than software implementation, the new technology regardless of the configuration of the operating system and is effective for combating malicious programs that increase their privileges in the system, for example, such a dangerous threat as rootkits. Rootkits intercept operating system functions, which enables them to actively oppose their detection and removal by antivirus software, working in the same environment. Thus, rootkits are able to block the launch of anti-virus application, monitor its actions and restore deleted them malicious processes, change settings remove the registry, etc. In the case of hardware solutions are not working in an environment contaminated with the OS, all these methods are unsuccessful, and the rootkit will be quickly neutralized.

In the patented device uses its own updated anti-virus databases that are protected when upgrading from malicious code and erroneous entries. Proposed anti-virus has its own processor and memory, that is not consuming resources of the computer that is connected. If necessary, it can connect a separate power supply.

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Facebook generates more traffic than Google.

Research company Compete published its latest analysis report generator of traffic.

Facebook GoogleHis results showed a new sensation - a social network Facebook bypassed internet giant Google and has become a major source of traffic on major Internet portals, such as Yahoo and MSN.

Commenting on the news, experts agree that in the near future, social media can not replace search engines as a major source of traffic to sites.

As one of the authors of the report, Dave Jovan, "people all spend less time looking through the Internet alone, and more - visiting different resources based on the recommendations of their friends or their preferences. This is one of the big trends that we saw four or five months ago.

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10 billion downloads from iTunes.

Apple prepares to celebrate 10-billionth birthday on the number of downloads from iTunes. Those users who were lucky enough to initiate a commemorative transaction, Apple will receive a gift certificate worth $10.000.

10 billion iTunesThis amount will buy goods in Apple stores or sell a certificate on eBay. He may deem rarity and buy even more expensive than face value.

17-year-old boy from Michigan, won the same award on Feb. 23, 2006 for one billion downloads. In addition to the certificate for $10.000 he received ten iPods, iMac and a phone call from Steve Jobs.

To qualify for the prize, not necessarily to buy something, you can simply fill out a special form at Apple (this can be done up to 25 times a day).

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Data Centers cool wind.

In the north-east of England, near the town of Billingham, commissioned data center with a unique cooling system that uses an icy wind from the North Sea. Climatic conditions are such that the wind was blowing steadily and constantly, and almost always in one direction. For the ventilation system is the ideal environment. Data Center Wynyard built by the contractor for EDS, HP.

Data CentersAir flows from the air first passes through filters (I wonder how they filter the salt air?), And then eight 2.2-meter fan, they come directly to the server rack. Thus, in the working room data center maintains a constant temperature of 24°C. When the wind gets too cold in the ventilation system of its slightly warmed by heat exchangers which remove heat from the servers.

In windy data center, just in case, provided the usual fans, which are activated in the absence of wind. That is not one hundred percent "green" project: for example, Google and Microsoft has data centers in general, without fans.

Energy efficiency Wynyard is 1,2 PUE (Power Usage Effectiveness), that is, for every 1.2 watts of power equipment consumes 1 watt of cooling. This is the most energy-efficient among all data centers HP. In conventional data centers figure is 2 PUE, and in the most energy-efficient buildings last time - not less than 1,5 PUE.

Announcement of environmental data center Wynyard held a year ago, and now its construction has been completed. The building has a working area of 8100 m2.

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Typos for $500 million per year.

It is very simple: the so-called tayposkvottery register domains with "typos" in order to collect random traffic, and deliver the targeted ads, usually Google AdWords. The Conference Financial Cryptography and Data Security experts from Harvard announced its study (PDF), which attempted to assess the volume of the market. The authors also make the assumption that Google is providing technical assistance More Search and shares with them a profit.

register domainsAccording to their estimates, the network contains at least 938 000 domain names that are incorrect spellings 3264 the largest sites zone. Com (take into account, at least five-letter). At every popular site has, on average, 281 domain misspellings. "Erroneous" is about 1,16% of the Internet zone. Com.

Few of the research methodology. Typos were generated by model-Dahmer Lowenstein, ie replacing each letter, no letters, an extra letter or letters change places is that the new word is from the original at a distance of 1 step. To study generated a list of domains in two steps from the originals. Plus were added to typical network typographical errors (for example, the letters www in the beginning of the name of each site, etc.). For 3264 the largest site received 1 910 738 candidates. Then a random sample was drawn from 2,195 sites, which the researchers examined manually to determine the percentage of certainty. The audit score of tayposkvotterskih domain was reduced to 937 918.

The study was launched crawler, which cost 284 914 domains from the list, as alleged tayposkvotterskie. It was found that 80% of available sites available contextual advertising, and the remaining 20% is redirect.

A large percentage of the lock due to the fact that on some servers hosted tens of thousands of tayposkvotterskih domains, so that the crawler access was blocked by the regular protection from DDoS-attacks. The vast majority of them then open normally with other IP-addresses. As for the "unclassified" domains, it is, basically, sites using Javascript, which crawler can not normally handle.

What is contextual advertising is placed on the domains tayposkvotterov? At 36% of contextual advertising is the original site with the correct spelling. The bulk of the rest - a reference to its competitors.

Were also identified in 1250 identifiers affiliate program Google, who place advertisements on these domains. Identifiers can be seen in the URL after the parameter "client =". So, it turned out that some of these identifiers are more frequent than usual.

Five major Google partners cover 63% of the market, and top-10 cover 76% of the market.

Among the most popular affiliate programs are Commission Junction (905 domains of the sample), LinkShare (652) and Performics (Google Affliate Network, 290).

With regard to redirect, it identified 75 of legitimate Web sites that collect traffic from tayposkvotterskih domains. For example, service hosting image gets traffic from 128 domains, which mistakenly write the name competitors. Or the famous casino collects traffic from domains where name is written wrongly competitor Sportsbook (, and another 326 options).

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