Tuesday, February 2, 2010

News from Microsoft

Largest software corporation started in 2009 rather heated. At least, judging by the number of news coming from Redmond.

Microsoft Corporation will spend $ 150 million on an advertising campaign, which aims to persuade businesses not to cut IT-budgets in crisis. The campaign, launched on 11 January, will be the last, third, phase of a broader campaign of People Ready, promotive business applications of Microsoft and ongoing for three consecutive years. As the slogan of the new phase was chosen phrase "It's everybody's business". During the campaign the real customers Microsoft will talk about how technology helped their business. Among the participants of the campaign - director of marketing for Coca Cola in North America, head of the U.S. unit Nestle and co-founder, producer of consumer goods Method. Stories of business representatives were recorded on the phone, and then superimposed on an animated video series. This resulted in savings in the production of commercials and emphasize low cost of modern means of communication. In one of the advertising modules Microsoft, placed in the press, also said that video conferencing allows businesses to save on air travel. According to forecasts Forrester Research, the rate of growth of spending on information technology in 2009 will be the lowest in the past six years and by only 1.6%. Results on IT-budgets in the United States will be allocated $ 573 billion.

Video game console, which should change the Xbox 360, is unlikely to be released in the near future, reports the news agency Bloomberg. According to the president of entertainment of Microsoft Robbie Bach, Xbox 360 will remain on the market for a longer period than the Xbox. Let me remind you that the Xbox console was released in 2001. Its successor, the Xbox 360 came only in 2005, that is, four years later. This means that the next generation console, which commentators have already dubbed the Xbox 720 does not come until at least 2010. According to Bach, release a more powerful console itself is not enough to conquer the market. He added that other new-generation consoles - such as the PlayStation 3 and Wii - is likely to hold on the market longer than their predecessors. In addition, Bach said that Microsoft intends to await the end of the recession. It should be noted that Robbie Bach, in the past fiscal year did led them to a profitable unit, although the previous two years it has lost three billion dollars. The first 11 months of 2008, consumers bought 3.3 million consoles Microsoft. Nintendo has sold 11 million Wii, and Sony - 2,8 млн PlayStation 3.

Israeli company N-trig, which develops technology for the touch screen, caught in the next round of funding $ 24 million investment. One of the investors was the corporation Microsoft. In addition to Microsoft in a group of investors that invested in N-trig, includes companies such as Aurum Ventures, Challenger, Canaan Partners and Evergreen Venture Partners. Representatives of the N-trig point out that the funds will be spent on further development of sensor interfaces. In addition, the company intends to cooperate more closely with computer manufacturers. Also, representatives of the N-trig stated that they intend to integrate their technology with the operating system Windows 7, which supports touch control. It is assumed that as a result, users will be able to work with an intuitive interface. The headquarters of N-trig is in Israel. The Company operates in the U.S. and Taiwan. Currently, N-trig technology use in their computers from Dell and HP.

And finally, it became known last week, a joint release of Windows 7 and Office 14 will not be because the new version of office suite from Microsoft will be released only in 2010. One source of this information is a screenshot of the slide, published in the blog UX Evangelist, according to which the Office 14 comes out exactly in 2010. From other parts of Office 14 and have appeared in recent years, experts note the special attention paid to the development of online services and cloud computing technologies.

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IT-industry: through natural selection.

The new conditions, which proved to the entire world IT-industry as a result of the global economic crisis, forcing market participants to operate the most active. And the result is obvious: in addition to the numerous staff reductions and restructuring of the business computer companies increasingly report success in a particular sector.

Semiconductor industry

The largest supplier of microprocessors, Intel is ready to reduce prices on a casual two-and quad-core chips for desktop systems, and custom family of Xeon quad-core chips for servers and workstations. According to Michael McConnell of the company's Pacific Crest, the price of quad-core processors will be reduced by 15-40%. These figures are valid for the user, and for server solutions. Dual-core CPU will drop by 13%. Judge calls this unplanned event, as usual Intel updates price list in the spring (in April) and autumn (October) each year. McConnell said the two causes of the emergency adjustment of prices. The first - oversupplied warehouses due to low demand at the end of last year. The second reason - the success of AMD processors and their relatively low cost. Recently, AMD has reduced the cost of processors Opteron (codenamed Shanghai) at 30%. This is a 4-core processors with the topology of 45 nm for servers. The world's largest manufacturer of computers Hewelett-Packard felt the proposal was more advantageous and reduced orders for the processors, Intel. In addition, AMD has released the second generation of processors Phenom (Dragon), also performed on the basis of a new topological rules, which were highly appraised by experts. Processors AMD Shanghai adopted by leading companies including Hewlett-Packard, Sun, Dell, IBM and Fujitsu. The economic crisis is forcing consumers to cut their spending, which, in turn, affects the income of the corporation. In early January, Intel is already the second time, has warned shareholders that the results of IV quarter of 2008, the second would be worse than expected, taking into account all the amendments. Revenues for the results of the quarter to make $ 8.2 billion - a 23% lower compared to the same quarter of 2007 and 20% lower compared to III quarter of last year. In November, the company waited to $ 9.3 billion revenue. Analysts called this a shocking result, the company's stock fell sharply. Chip market-based GPS and Wi-Fi, will be able to overcome the general decline in the semiconductor industry this year and show relatively good growth, analysts predict. As suggested in the British research company IMS, in 2009, the scope of GPS will increase significantly - in particular, such systems will appear in laptops, cameras and sports equipment. The result, according to analysts the company will increase the annual market for GPS for $ 200 million (25%). In the period from 2008 to 2013, projected to IMS, an average annual growth GPS market will amount to 21,2%. Meanwhile, Wi-Fi Alliance, in turn, evaluates the market growth of wireless communications chips in 2008 at 26%. In 2009, the same year, sales should increase by about the same - despite the crisis, the demand for Wi-Fi is growing steadily. Fastest growing segments of the market Wi-Fi, according to analysts In-Stat, in 2008 became smartphones, netbooks, and media devices. In 2009, this trend should continue, in addition Wi-Fi-equipped adapters will be an increasing number of desktops. Less important is the scope of these chips will be the industry and gaming devices.

Manufacturers of DRAM-memory Kingston Technology Transcend Information, A-Data Technology and Power Quotient International (PQI) raised the prices of DRAM-chips of its own production to $ 1. Recall that in mid-December price of DRAM-chip has fallen to historic lows at $ 0.5, but now came up, having played for a month to 100%. Experts note that in the near future, it could rise even higher, up to $ 1,5. Also added that rising prices of DRAM-module. Thus, the highest price per module 1GB DDR2 recently was $ 10, and the average - $ 8,5. Vice President of MSI Henry Liu believes that in the near future, one of the four leading motherboard manufacturers will have to withdraw from the market. The fact is that not so long ago selling laptops passed important mark, surpassing the sales of desktops. In addition, shipments of motherboards and graphics cards began to fall. This means, says Liu, that the market has nowhere else to expand. Some small companies have already left the market, and this gives the leading producers to exist on the market with a further three years. But then, adds Liu, one of these four companies, which include Asustek Computer, Gigabyte Technology, ECS and MSI, will have to withdraw from the market.


Chinese company Huawei Technologies to account for the year 2008. Sales of this manufacturer of telecommunications equipment rose by 46%, reaching $ 23.3 billion is true that the lion's share of total sales accounted for Huawei contract of sale. Therefore, the actual volume of its sales in 2008 amounted to about $ 17 billion in the crisis management team remains cheerful and optimistic. This year, Huawei plans to contain the increase in global sales to $ 30 billion Regarding net income, then this indicator Huawei managed to enter the five leading telecom companies, rising on a par with Cisco, Ericsson, Alcatel-Lucent and Nokia Siemens Networks.

The largest producer of hard drive company Seagate Technology has announced the resignation of chief executive officer of 56-year-old William Watkins, who held his post since 2004, as well as 52-year-old company president Dave Vikershema. The resignation of top managers is unexpected, and its causes are not reported. It is possible that this is due to the negative financial report for the I quarter of the fiscal year for which Seagate profit fell by 83%. Place Vikershema take 46-year-old Robert Vitmor, who previously held the post of chief technology officer. On replacement Watkins is not reported. Based in California, Seagate, occupying 30% of the world market HDD, also reported that the strategy to reduce costs, plans to reduce its staff in the U.S. by 10%. Works will lose up to 2500 employees. Results in the United States employs 8 thousand employees and a worldwide employs 53 thousand people. It is expected that the results of the current quarter, which ends on 21 January, the company's revenue will be $ 2.3 - $ 2.6 billion - less than expected. According to analysts, the company's revenue will be $ 2.5 billion, and net losses - 2 cents per share.

And on the same topic. Toshiba and Fujitsu are completing negotiations on the unification of units producing hard drives. This step will allow companies to reduce production costs and improve business efficiency. There will be a joint venture, in which the majority of shares will be owned by Toshiba. Previously, Fujitsu had already spoken in favor of combining the production of HDD with someone from outside manufacturers. According to Bloomberg, shares of Fujitsu in this news added to the price of almost 8,6%. Analysts say that if companies could handle all the nuances and agree on a joint venture, the company will become the fourth largest producer of hard drives, bypassing on this indicator, Samsung Electronics. Annual turnover of the new company to be around $ 7.8 billion, experts regard the steps of the two Japanese companies as a positive and confident about the success of the enterprise. According to sources inside the companies, negotiations should be completed by the end of January. In this case, however, the rapid monetary effect of creating joint venture the companies expect to occur. Fujitsu has already announced a reduction in operating profit in the current fiscal year. Operating profit (sales minus administrative costs) Fujitsu will be about $ 893 million, the company previously focused on twice that amount.

Canadian manufacturer of telephone equipment Nortel filed a petition in bankruptcy court. The company went bankrupt because of the difficulty of refinancing due to the credit crunch. Nortel now has assets valued at a billion dollars, while its total liabilities are estimated at $ 12 billion, of which one billion will need to pay in 2011. Difficulties with refinancing at Nortel began in mid-September, when the credit crisis entered an acute phase. The rates of corporate bonds have risen sharply due to lack of funds from banks. Since 2005, when the company was headed by current CEO Mike Zafirovski, Nortel net loss totaled $ 7 billion Zafirovski was trying to rectify the situation staff reduction of 18%, but without tangible results. Key role in the low competitiveness of the company played its technology gap and work on the equipment to an outdated telecommunications system CDMA, while consumers have shifted to more modern standards. Nortel has been founded in 1895, work has begun with the release of equipment for the Montreal brewery. The company provided technical support for transkanadskoy telephone system, created in 1932.

Internet Business

Google has announced that it plans to hire the services of third-party software vendors to sell their web-based application for corporate clients. It is expected that this move will allow Google to increase competition with Microsoft in this market. According to the company, starting with the end of March 2009 the first official mediator will be able to sell, as well as configure and maintain the application package for Google Apps business customers. Previously, Google sold its only applications directly over the Internet.

In April, Apple completely abandon the protection of digital songs sold in online store iTunes. This means that purchased from the iTunes tracks can be listening on any mp3-player and rewrite as many times from one device to another. Currently, eight out of ten million songs already available without DRM. The head of the corporation by Steve Jobs back in 2007, made a statement which said that the system is digital DRM protection has never been an effective tool to combat music piracy and never will. However, music publishers succeeded for a long time to lobby for DRM, in spite of the fact that marketers have long ago discovered the simple truth: the best advertisement for the music - is an opportunity to share it with your friends. Defended his views on DRM, Apple has made concessions to publishers in the other: it will no longer sell all the songs at the same price - 99 cents. This policy of the corporation maintained for six years. Since April, music publishers will be able to choose to which price category include the song: 69, 99 cents, or $ 1.29. According to Apple vice president Phil Schiller, from conversations with copyright holders already know that the tracks for 69 cents will be more than $ 1.29. Throughout its history, iTunes has sold more than 6 billion tracks and today occupies 70% of the digital music market, far ahead of major competitors - Amazon and eMusic.


Main news: Yahoo takes the post of general director of Carol Bartz, Autodesk. At the head of Yahoo Bartz will replace Jerry Yang - the company founder, whose resignation resignation was announced Nov. 18, 2008. 60-year-old Carol Bartz from 1992 to 2006, held in Autodesk offices of president, chairman and CEO. As of January 2009, Bartz is executive director of the company. Prior to joining Autodesk, she worked at Sun Microsystems, Digital Equipment and 3M, and is on the board of Cisco Systems and Intel. Fortune magazine included it in the list of 50 most influential women in business.

Tod Nielsen, who led Borland Software since 2005, will occupy one of the leading positions in the company VMware. His responsibilities in the company will now carry Prusu Eric, a former financial director at Borland Software. Nielsen will also marketing and business development in the subsidiary corporation EMC. Now Borland Software witnessed major structural changes. As part of restructuring planned reduction of 15% of staff (this is 130 people), most of which leave the corporation in April of this year. However, commenting on these changes, Eric Prusu said he did not intend to change the previously selected business strategy of the corporation. According to him, at Borland Software has competitive products, talented employees and an adequate financial reserve to successfully confront the economic crisis.

The largest manufacturer of computer accessories, Logitech has announced a reduction of the workforce by 5%. Approximately 500 people (or 15% of staff) will be dismissed from the departments of sales, marketing, IT and legal offices. Other workers will get a reduction of the manufacturing industry. Logitech Chairman Guerrino De Luca said that Christmas sales were worse than expected. According to De Luca, sales and profit growth rate in the current fiscal year ending March 31, 2010, will be much lower than previous periods.

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New statistics Runet

Unit Internet holding "Rambler" - statistical office Rumetrika - in October-November 2008, conducted a study on audience Runet from 2004 to 2008. The study - statistics Rambler TOP100, Goskomstat RF, own data Rumetriki. According to the system Rambler TOP, total daily audience Runet sites participating in the rating is 19.5 million visitors. This figure takes into account not only the Internet users in Russia, but also visitors from abroad (in runet in 2008 these were about 38%).


The main result: four years general audience Runet increased more than fivefold. In 2004, growth was small - 23%, but then began a considerable rise, which peaked in 2005-2006, when the audience grew by 80% and 55% respectively. But in 2007-2008 the growth rate decreased and the audience was 33% and 37% respectively.

Having analyzed the development of broadband access (and especially its value in the dynamics), Rumetriki experts concluded that the price of traffic has the greatest influence on the development runet. That is a significant price decline in 2005 (83%) led to a noticeable increase in the Internet audience in Russia (80%). Then in 2006-2007, with the slowdown in price reductions of up to 40% per year for about the same amount increased audience. The interests of the Internet audience in recent years have changed somewhat. The leader of the interests of users Runet still remains entertainment sector - it has strengthened its leadership and showed a four-year growth of 42%. Today, this sector has more than half of all hits in runet. Much of this was due to the growing number of home computers - their users to buy the computer just for entertainment and communication. On the second and third place are a business and information sectors, which for four years have lost their share in relation to the rest - 21% and 16% respectively. In the fourth place, as before, the Gaza Auto & Moto, has considerably strengthened its position. The largest increase, almost twice showed the smallest sector Runet - Real Estate.

With regard to projections for the future, then specialists Rumetriki states: "Giving projections for the number of daily audience of Internet users in Russia is difficult, since they depend on several indicators, including forecasts. If we consider that basically changed the number of audience influenced by changes in income and the cost of traffic, then we obtain two ways of changing the projected audience Runet. It is possible to construct an approximate prediction only for the next year or two, at 3-4, the data can later be adjusted. If we take the average of these two forecasts, one can say about slowdown audience Runet to 31% in 2008 and 8% in 2009, associated with the fall in revenue growth rate of the population. In absolute data, then on average forecast obtained in 2012 57 million visitors in runet per day. The interests of users will vary. In connection with the further increase in the number of home PCs in regions of the experts foresee further growth in the proportion of the entertainment sector - up to 60-70% by 2012. Growth in the sectors of auto and motorcycle and real estate depends on the situation in these industries, and is likely to further rapid growth will not be. In varying degrees of influence on the development of the Internet can provide an economic crisis, rising inflation, ending the development of broadband access technologies, the rising cost of PCs and bandwidth, slowing income growth (especially in the regions).


Also in late 2008 conducted a study Rumetrika sites Runet from 2004 to 2008. The study used statistics ranking Rambler TOP 100 and Rumetriki. According to the system TOP 100, the total attendance Runet sites participating in the rating is around 19.5 million visitors, respectively, from 2004 to 2008, the audience has grown more than fivefold. Spring 2004 Rambler TOP 100 numbered 125 thousand active members (sites that had at least one visitor per week) rating, four years later - 220 thousand active resources. Increase in the number of sites from 2004 to 2008 was 78%, which is not comparable to the growth of more than five times the total audience of users Runet. For all sites, registered in the rating, the increase was 133%. Of the more than two million sites that have applied for registration in the system Rambler TOP 100 for all time of its existence, now active only 10%. Moreover, this figure falls since 2005. Decreases with time and the average survival rate of resources. If in the first year of life to survive more than half (57%) resources, for the fifth year of life in the network is only 25% of resources. Accordingly, about 75% of sites live less than four years, and this figure should be considered when creating a new Internet resources. If you look at the dynamics of growth in the number of sites by sector, most sites are in the sectors of commercial and entertainment - they are significantly separated from the other sectors runet. The best growth showed the real estate sector - in 2,2 times - and commercial - to 142%.

There is a paradox. On the one hand, now dominated by the proportion of users that go into the network from home, and they are interested mainly in entertainment sector. Then it is not clear why more has grown the business sector, the audience which mainly goes to the Internet from the office. This is explained by the fact that recreational resources geared to a mass audience and collect most of the visitors on fewer sites. Commercial sites with the same high traffic is small (so that no commercial site was not included in the TOP 20 sites Runet), and they are mainly oriented to niche audiences that would not necessarily be a great success for the project. That appearance in runet multiple business lines in recent years has led to an increase in the number of commercial sites. In general, Runet average daily traffic to the site from 2004 to 2008 increased from 19 to 79 people, ie four times. For four years, the sites-leaders in the TOP 20 Runet some changes, but the leader remained the same - Portal yandex.ru. Other major portals Runet - Rambler and Mail - have also strengthened their positions. More than half of the resources of the TOP 20 in 2004 did not leave the new leadership twenty and strengthened their positions. Outsiders rating for these years can be called only two resources: the portal Aport and the postal service Newmail.ru, which are now far from the leaders. If we consider the outflow of resources from the Twenties by categories, we can see that most of this site topics Personals, and Catalogs. At the same time in the TOP 20 for four years, many new formats of resources that already won a significant part of the audience runet. First of all this, of course, social networking (Classmates, Vkontakte and My World) and the resources of a special search (weather, pictures, maps). In place of "popular" sites came blogs. Also, there is a considerable amount of news resources (media and news aggregators), who occupied one third of the rankings, although the activity on them below the average for Runet (45 pageviews per visit) and is about seven views per visit.

Among the major portals Runet more than any other changed Rambler, which completely rebuilt the navigation, has changed the concept and design, has become more informative and vivid. Changes in Yandex and Mail less significant and essentially amount to the displacement of the blocks to new locations and adding informers for new projects. Also, all the portals have become more informative and interesting. Yandex changed its name to the English-speaking Russian Yandex, which reflects the general downward trend in the popularity of English names. Major trends that RUmetrika saw on the main pages of portals are as follows:

- Best place on the main page occupy blocks with the news. At the Rambler were increased (compared to 2004) at 20-30% and placed in the center. This happened because of the increasing popularity of online media and overflow of the news audience in the network.
- With the best places on the main page portals have disappeared catalogs resource area were reduced, while they themselves units shifted to less favorable position (bottom of the screen or even the second screen, both at the Rambler). This happened because of the appearance at the portals of new services that need a place on the main page, and the traffic from it.
- At all portals have improved their positions on the main page of informers with the weather. This is due to interest an audience to the topic.
- The portals have appeared electronic maps the largest cities in Russia and the mapping of traffic jams on them. This trend will continue, unless, of course, does not decrease the number of cars in big cities or will not increase the number of inputs in the operation of urban roads.
- Good places are taken by informers TV Program and Playbill. People began to spend more time and money on entertainment, and information about them has become more in demand. However, this trend depends on the welfare of the population, but with this recent problem.
- At the portals of information blocks appeared on social networks, due to a significant increase in the popularity of the subject. - In addition to regular Internet searches increased interest (and it was displaying on the main pages of portals) to a special search for pictures, news, products, dictionaries, etc. There are new direction of search - search for video on the cards for the vacancies.

The general trends that have occurred over four years, include the consolidation of the largest portals Runet - Yandex, Mail and Rambler, has consolidated 70% of positions in the ranking TOP 20 mainly due to the old building and development of new resources and services. It makes other resources to seek and develop new niches, until not busy portals. One example of a successful search of its niche and projects - social networking and messenger. But the portals also do not stand still, creating their own niche social services (LinkedIn, or Rambler-Friends). In the near future, change topics sites linked them to a particular sector Runet are likely to be small. But should expect a significant increase in the number of niche e-commerce sites with low attendance and a small increase in the number of specialized recreational resources.

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Defense MailBox

Internet mail, or, as they say, "soap", no longer a rare phenomenon in the network spaces. Such servers are known as mail.ru, yandex.ru and rambler.ru, there are about 20 million registered users, and every day, this figure increases. Mail is used as an ordinary nick, and a variety of companies, organizations, companies for communication. And ever since the appearance of the first e-mail servers, and there are people who are interested in gaining access to the mailbox. The objectives for this were different: someone wanted to read the letter from his wife, who had wanted to get money for breaking in order, someone to know the names of clients competing firm, someone else something. So they began looking for a variety of vulnerabilities in security, quite successfully. It's been a long time since the detection and removal of the first vulnerabilities, but the problem of protecting your email account remains valid to this day. Too many sites - mostly on the hacker theme - consider various ways of breaking soap, but not such that would give good advice to protect the mail. That is the question I would like to highlight in this article.

First of all, to protect their soap from unauthorized hacking, you need to know the methods resorted to by an attacker while trying to gain access to the box:

1. Breaking through social engineering

Principle: Social Engineering (SI) - a very powerful tool for cracking. The method is based on psychological factors, or rather, the permanent human errors. Basically it is deceptive or misleading in its introduction. In general, the main task of social engineering - enter contact you and set you on the idea that he can be trusted. Very often, for breaking an attacker's mailbox sends the victim a letter on behalf of the Authority, which reports on an equipment change on the server and asks for a login and password - otherwise the soap will be removed. You fear that your soap is removed, naively sends its data to the attacker. And many do not even look, from whom received a letter, although this precaution is not necessary if a hacker replaced the name of the sender. Contents of the letter may be different, but in any case you are asked to login and password, and it should have been alerted.

Method of protection: Remember: never, under any pretext mail administrators, and any other servers do not require their users to send them their passwords. Therefore, would not submit their data in response to such suspicious letters.

2. Breaking with the Trojans

Principle: As you know, many Trojans steal passwords. And passwords for the mail no exception. Successfully slip Trojan horse can easily steal your login information and send them to the attacker.

Method of protection: The best measure is to counteract the mail trojan antivirus and firewall (Firewall, or firewall). The first would not have known malicious programs of this type run on your computer and carry out their evil intentions, and the second will oversee all programs with a network and catch suspicious attempts to send mail, fill the file on the FTP-server, and the like. In addition, Firewll protect the system against hacker invasions, forced downloads of malware from the network and similar stuff. In my opinion, a very good firewall can be considered Russia's development - Agnitum Outpost Firewall.

3. Breaking with fakie

Principle: Fake in English the word means cunning, deception, fraud. This method is to create a special web-pages, is absolutely similar to the login form on any mail server, and placing it on the Internet. Then you send the letter, which asked to link and, for example, to vote for any gift to. The trick is that when you click on a link you see a login form in the mailbox, make sure to enter data and press the button "Login", then the browser throws you on any page. That's all! Your login and password are now known to the attacker, and he can get access to your soap.

Method of protection: Always check the references for which you are asked to move. All fakie-pages are available, mostly on free hostings. Therefore, their URL-address always contains some extra text - eg, sayt.freehostia.com, sayt.narod.ru, sayt.ucoz.ru and the like. If you've followed a link and there you were offered to enter your login and password, make sure you compare the content of links to the login page address on your mail server. For example, for Mail.ru this site. If the link does not match - means you are trying to deceive.

4. Breaking with the mail server vulnerabilities

Principle: Many different servers on the Internet are vulnerable to hacker attacks, and mail - no exception. So, knowing any breach in security systems, such as XSS, anyone can use it to get your password.

Method of protection: from such attacks you can not protect anyone except the mail server system administrators. But there is one very good way, which is called e-mail client. This is a program that allows you to receive and send mail without having to visit web pages of soap server using SMTP and POP3. This means that the vulnerability in web-interface, you will not touch any side. In addition, you will save time because you do not have to enter your login information and waiting for loading pages and get many more and many useful functions (anti-spam filters, handy pocket-book, instant access to already received mail and others). The best, in my opinion, e-mail clients - it TheBat! and ThunderBird.

5. Breaking bruteforce

Principle: Brute force is translated from English as "brute force". This method is based on a brute force search possible password. Frequently, such a brute force run automated some program.

Method of protection: It is not necessary as a password to mention his name, home or mobile number, date of birth and so forth. Such passwords are easy to predict, which is used by hackers. The best option - password length is not less than 6.7 characters, and it must contain letters, digits and icons on the type of question mark, brackets and the like. If the password hard to remember you, then the second option would be some kind of phrase, written without any spaces or with the sign "_". It may be, for example, Shakespeare's famous phrase - "be_or_not_to_be". Such passwords are much harder to guess.

6. Security Answer

Principle: I think many know this method of password recovery, as the answer to the security question you provided when registering the mailbox. Most often these are questions like "My favorite dish" or "What is the name my dog." Learn the answer to these questions is absolutely easy - just get acquainted with the victim, if you with it yet familiar, and somehow get her favorite dish or name of a pet. Learning, an attacker is able to create a new password for the soap.

Method of protection: Do not use such banal and standard questions. It is best to specify your, and the answer should be known only to you. For example, the question "What kind of flower I have is on the table in the kitchen?" hardly anyone will answer, but you and your loved ones. Or a very good question would be the number of your passport.

7. Stealing the session (cookies)

Principle: Maybe someone of you knows what Cookies (or "cookies", as computer people say), so it is clear: it is a text file stored on the user's computer and contain proprietary information. Many web-servers store various data such as numbers and the session is in the cookie settings to ensure that the next time you visit the resource you do not have to reenter all that data. Sometimes the cookies stored password for your account, usually encrypted algorithm MD5. This must be to make the transition from one page to another we do not have to pass a hundred times authorization.

Method of protection: If you simply close your browser after visiting the address, a cookie will remain on your disk. By stealing the session file and install it at home, the hacker thereby deceive the server, since the latter would take a real cracker user of soap and give full access to the box. To avoid this, any mail server is such a button - "Exit". By clicking on it your session is closed, and the theft of cookies will be useless!

As we see, how to break the mailbox quite a lot, but it's not all. Why did not describe the rest? Because they are all based on any of the above. For example, the interception of network traffic the user can extract from there login and password. And in order to foist someone a program, you need to own social engineering. Follow all my advice, you can easily protect your mailbox from outside interference.

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Mobile industry has mastered the new conditions.

Company's mobile communications industry seems to have managed to sort out the crisis and is now determined to defend their place in the sun and a piece of consumer money.

China Mobile - China's largest telecom operator - plans to invest this year's $8.6 billion in the development of the network 3G. The company, which recently received a license to use developed by Chinese standard TD-SCDMA, will build about 60 thousand base stations covering 238 cities. At present, China Mobile operates more than 20 thousand base stations of mobile communication across the country. Technology of 3G, the use of which the Chinese government recently issued long-awaited licenses, provides much faster data transfer. The right to use the European standard WCDMA received company China Unicom, and the North American CDMA 2000 the company went to China Telecom. In December, Beijing announced that within two years, Chinese operators are investing in the development of 3G-network $41 billion, of which at least $29 billion will be spent in 2009. According to officials, the introduction of 3G technology will be an important factor in the fight against global economic crisis. Let me remind you that China - the largest mobile market in the world. By the end of November 2008 the first, there were more than 634 million subscribers.

Its share of Nokia in the smartphone market will be reduced from the current 40% to 20%, analysts say the company Generator Research. This will happen by 2013. By this time, the share of Apple in the smartphone market will grow to 40%. According to experts, the success of smart phones will help a bunch of Apple iPhone and App Store (online store applications). It is expected that it will allow the company to repeat its success in the music market, achieved largely through the bundles of iPod and iTunes. Another factor by which Apple can increase market share, analysts called the financial reserves of the company. Thus, in late October 2008 First, Steve Jobs said that Apple has $25 billion of reserves and no debt. It is assumed that this stock would allow Apple, in contrast to other leading manufacturers of mobile phones, not to reduce investment in the development of new products during the economic crisis. As a result, the company will significantly outpace their competitors. In accordance with the forecast Generator Research in 2013, Apple will release 77 million smartphones. And it will not be one device, as at present, and several models for each of the segments of the market. In the I quarter of 2008, Apple takes 5% of the global smartphone market, Nokia - 45,2%. Among manufacturers of business smartphones Apple takes the second place and controls 14% of the market. The leader of a business segment with 76% of the market is RIM, producing Smartphones Blackberry.

And now, Dell has developed its own smartphone. First Dell smartphone will be shown in early February at the 3GSM exhibition in Barcelona. It is assumed that it will work on the basis of the mobile operating system Windows Mobile. This is due to close cooperation between Dell and Microsoft on the PC market. But it is not excluded that the smartphone will be built, for example, based on the Google Android. Analysts at IDC called out Dell for the smart phone market expected event. They emphasize that this market is not saturated, and in case of success of its new product Dell may take a significant share. Incidentally, the first rumors of Dell's intention to enter the smart phone market appeared two years ago, when at work in Dell moved the head of Motorola mobile Ron Garrikes. According to industry analyst firm Kaufman Bros, from that time, Dell has started to look closely to the mobile market.

Taiwanese company HTC - known manufacturer of communicators - in 2009, intends to release 25 new devices. To implement these plans, the company will announce an average of two communicator month. The first innovation, which will provide the NTS in 2009, will be the communicator Iolite. It is equipped with 2.8-inch touch screen, 528-megagertsevym processor and 288 megabytes of RAM. For the U.S. market will be released version of the communicator called the Twin, supporting networks CDMA. Furthermore, among the novelties HTC communicators, there are several sliders with sliding side qwerty-keyboard. The company also plans to release a qwerty-communicators, made in the form of a monoblock with a keyboard below the screen.

Earlier it was reported on plans by other manufacturers to produce new mobile phones in 2009. Thus, the South Korean company LG intends to provide 125 new models of cell phones. Motorola, according to unconfirmed official data, is planning a limit of ten cellphones. Despite the general economic decline, presentation at CES Palm its new smartphone was of great interest from investors, which led to the growth of the company's shares at a very significant 34.85%. The best news for Palm not think - the last months the only goal of the company was to stop the sharp fall in shares. But the presentation of the news shows that Palm, may be able to regain investor confidence. The main thing you need to do - to a smartphone, known as Pre, lived up to expectations. Despite such a sharp jump, Palm's stock price has not yet reached the maximum, which was installed last year. And much to the level at which the company was a few years ago, the path is longer. However, a couple of equally attractive as Pre, proposals - and it becomes quite possible.

Sales OPhone - Android-communicator Chinese company Lenovo - will begin in I quarter of 2009. According to insiders, is the communicator is the final stage of in-plant testing, and his official announcement as the beginning of sales, will take place in the coming months. Lenovo OPhone is the first implementation of the concept of Open Mobile System China's largest cellular operator China Mobile. This means that the communicator has a core operating system, Google Android, and supports third-generation network of local standard TD-SCDMA. According to available data, Lenovo OPhone equipped with 5-megapixel camera, miniUSB-jack, Bluetooth, Wi-Fi, 3,5-millimeter headphone connector and a slot for memory cards microSD. It remains to add that OPhone becomes a hero news for the fifth time: First information about this device flashed on the network in October 2008, was subsequently published his first picture, the first data on the specifications that were later supplemented by further details.

The company Sony Ericsson decided to focus on mobile products with a high level of profitability. Hideki Komiyama, President of the company said in an interview that the current economic crisis is forcing down the production devices, yielding a low income (ie, budget models). Becoming increasingly urgent issue product class high-end. Posts Komiyama can only mean that the company will continue to move in this direction, gradually abandoning the release of lower-income products. Such policies Sony Ericsson can cause a severe blow to the two major ODM-partners, the Japanese manufacturer - companies Arima Communications and Chi Mei Communication Systems. In the second half of 2008, these producers have not received from Sony Ericsson a single order for the production of new budget mobile phones. Motorola is planning to abandon all platforms in the production of smartphones, but Google Android. In addition, Motorola plans to reduce the number of issued new phone models. It is assumed that the company will announce about a dozen cell phones a year. For comparison: in 2009, LG plans to announce ten new phones every month. It also became known that the mobile unit of Motorola are coming significant reductions. According to unconfirmed reports, may dismiss up to half staff. In late October 2008 it became known that Motorola plans to focus on developing mobile devices based on three major platforms. In addition to the Google Android then called Windows Mobile, designed for business solutions, and platform P2K, developed by Motorola for budget mobile phones.

Fujitsu Europe Ltd. plans to enter the number of Asian mobile phone market. The main reason for expansion - weak demand for native Japanese market, which analysts estimate will not soon recover. Meanwhile, Fujitsu specialists together with representatives of NTT DoCoMo working on mobile software that supports Chinese and Korean. As noted, Fujitsu is already very soon begin selling its F905i phone in Taiwan.

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