Wednesday, November 26, 2008

IT-industry: bright, but ghostly future

ghostly futureAgainst the backdrop of crisis

Intel will continue to invest in new products and technology, despite a potential slowdown in emerging markets because of the financial crisis in the United States. The company chairman of the company's Craig Barrett. According to him, when financial markets crashing, it has some impact on everything else, but nobody can get and to predict how serious it is. In particular, Barrett said: «We have always thought that must be sustained investment - whether in good or bad times. And, as a blind greyhound, we just continue to move in that direction ». Barrett also expressed the view that it is impossible in advance to protect themselves from the global crisis, but you can proinvestirovat their salvation. «We have always had a plan for the rainy day», - figuratively put chairman of Intel, backed its words with information that the company has Stabfund of about $ 10 billion in the event of a crisis. In doing so, Barrett made it clear that the financial crisis will not prevent Intel absorb the interest of the company.

But rather unexpected news. U.S. policy for the Union to take Google and Yahoo!. Eleven prominent political figures of California appealed to the government antitrust regulators had requested not to hinder the intended partnership Google and Yahoo! in the field of Internet advertising. All signatories of the treatment are from California, where, indeed, and both are based Internet company. In his letter, policy, cautioned U.S. Attorney General Michael Makeysi attempt to hinder cooperation from Google and Yahoo!. In their view, such steps could lead to containing the growth and development of business on the Internet. The authors of expressed deep concern that the U.S. Department of Justice may nominate a preventive legal action to prevent an agreement Yahoo! and Google. Politicians stressed that such actions could adversely affect the entire market of online advertising and e-commerce. The head of analytical company Future Horizons Malcolm Penn believes that the semiconductor industry should turn its attention to what is happening with the financial industry. A global financial crisis, which is now shaking the financial industry, explains Malcolm Penn, was the result of the race for the easy money that satisfies all the major players of this market, and the semiconductor industry should learn from the mistakes of financiers. In the meantime, as Penn adds, in the semiconductor industry is still fairly well-known companies looking for simple and quick solutions that will help them lasted for some time, but eventually could obrushit market, as it was in his time with dotkomami and as happens to the financial sector today.

Apple trouble

On the last day of September, the most serious in the last eight months of falling U.S. stocks Apple. The value of its securities on Nasdaq fell by 18% - to $ 105.2 per share. After the fall Analyst Firm RBC Capital lowered target price of Apple shares from $ 200 to $ 140, and Morgan Stanley - from $ 178 to $ 115. According to analysts of these companies, Apple expects sales decline because of falling purchasing activity (from Apple no proposals in the lower price categories, analysts point), caused by the economic crisis. RBC Capital predicts the overall decline in the productivity of IT-sector and, consequently, the collapse of securities of major IT-companies. Shares of Google also dropped by nearly 12% - up to $ 381 per paper. The last time less than $ 400 shares of the largest search engine worth more than two years ago - in early 2006 th. Analysts Susquehanna Financial Group lowered its forecast profit Google by 1% in 2008 (up to $ 16.1 billion) and 2% in 2009 (up to $ 20.6 billion). Since the beginning of the year the value of shares of Google fell by an average of 40%. It is also linked to a slowdown in the economy: demand for contextual advertising has decreased, as it has up to 99% of the proceeds Google. However, the company Piper Jaffray analysts are inclined to believe that such a large decline in shares of Apple does not have enough good objective reasons, and raised fears of investors. In Piper notes that, despite the fact that statistics clearly show an annual decline in Mac sales growth from July to August from 43% to 23% if the figures seen out of context, they portray a distorted picture. Analysts us recall that in August last year, was presented «Aluminum» iMac, which had deferred demand, while now, on the contrary, users are still waiting for updating rulers MacBook and MacBook Pro. However, Piper Jaffray forecasts for the next quarter is still not too optimistic: according to analysts, the increase in Mac sales will be about 19%. The company also notes that while the issuance of a cheap Mac and new models of iPhone next year Apple and profitability to decline, it still remains quite good - 30% in the 2009 calendar year.

In fact, shares of other IT-companies also fell in late September and early October. Here are some examples: Cisco - -8,5% (up to $ 21,7), Intel - -10% (up to $ 17,27), AMD - -16,8% (up to $ 4,29), Yahoo! - -10.7% (Up to $ 16,8), Baidu - -11,3% (up to $ 231,2), Oracle - -8,9% (up to $ 18,7), IBM - -4,1% (before $ 114.4).

Mobile Market

Already for some time on the network gulyala information that Sony Ericsson is going to abolish up to 2000 jobs. But so far remained unknown, where it will be a reduction in the state. The restructuring, which is very telling, began with North American offices in North Carolina, which will soon be reduced by 450 employees. The fact that such unpopular measures will be carried out, the leadership of Sony Ericsson reported as early as mid-summer this year. This decision relates to the large losses suffered by the company for the first half of 2008 th. To exit the difficult situation the company has developed a new development scheme, under which 2,000 jobs will be eliminated. It should be noted that staff reductions beginning of the name in North America, where the company has the weakest position. Apparently, SE yet acknowledged its inability to win the massive U.S. market - which, in turn, is good news for the company LG.

Chairman of the Chinese company ZTE Veygui Hu said in an interview with Dow Jones that his company was not interested in acquiring mobile units Motorola. Quote: «This acquisition is senseless for us - as formed joint company will not be so large to offset the costs. We bought small companies in the past, but we do not have the financial capacity to buy such companies as Motorola ». It should be noted that against the backdrop of the prevailing crisis, the company now Motorola - if all the same concept to sell the unit - will face difficulties: «financial capacity» can not be none.
Nokia, according to industry sources close to the sale of its units to computer security. It is expected that the Finnish manufacturer of mobile phones will enter into a transaction for the sale with a major financial investor, but his name has not been disclosed yet. In addition, Nokia reported that the company goes to market in developing software for corporate clients. On Monday, it was announced that Nokia will no longer develop and sell their solutions «behind-the-firewall» for business. All such orders will now be redirected to partner companies - Microsoft, IBM and Cisco.

News IT-companies

There is information that the company Microsoft has resumed negotiations on the acquisition of Yahoo. It is expected that the transaction will take place after Yahoo, in turn, buy online division of AOL, which is now owned concern Time Warner. Representatives of all three companies declined official comment about the information. Analysts point out that such a transaction is possible, as Yahoo shares continue to fall, and the board of directors should look for a way out of this situation. In addition, the proceeds Yahoo could negatively affect the economic crisis, which has dropped the cost to companies online banner advertising.

In the latest round of financing social news site Digg has been estimated at approximately $ 175 million earlier in this phase of funding Digg has attracted investments of nearly $ 29 million In addition, CEO Jay Adelson and Digg founder Kevin Rose service sold some of their shares. Each received two million dollars. Digg sought investors after the end of July, foiled the deal to sell the resource Google. It was expected that over the Digg Internet company will pay about $ 200 million Social news site Digg, which any user can add their news, was launched in 2004. In August this year, 15.7 million visited the resource persons. The main source of income Digg is a three-year advertising contract with Microsoft, signed in 2007.

The American corporation HP intends to cut more than 9 thousand jobs in Europe. This is reported to French media citing sources in the European union company. To a greater degree of reduction will affect the company Electronic Data Systems, which HP has completed the acquisition in August of this year. As noted, up to 90% of all the layoffs it will have on staff EDS. I recall that HP previously announced its plans to reduce state, which for three years will be laid off 7.5% of employees (representing 24.6 thousand jobs) companies worldwide.

Top managers of Microsoft in the 2009 fiscal year (beginning 1 July 2008) can receive no more than $ 20 million in bonuses. It is a common fund, which will be paid the money, ranging from $ 92.1 million to $ 94.2 million Under the financial plan for 2009, 11 top managers of Microsoft including Steve Balmera director general and chief software architect Ray Ozzy will be available in the form of Rewards 0.35% of the company's operating profit. It is possible that limiting fees associated with the program Microsoft to buy shares. 22 Sept, 2008 Board of Directors approved a plan under which the company vykupit their shares at $ 40 billion Redemption must be held before 2013. In addition, Microsoft announced the raising of quarterly dividends to 18%.

16 leading telecommunications and IT-companies, which include Vodafone, Microsoft and Asustek, have decided to pool their efforts in promoting high-speed Internet access for mobile devices. The project involves investment of over one billion dollars and will be held under the patronage of the consortium GSM Association. Companies include built-equipped computers access to high-speed cellular networks, as well as next generation networks, maintaining standards of HSPA and LTE. According to research conducted by Pyramid Research, supported by GSM Association and Microsoft, market demand for such machines is about $ 50 million a year. «With the emergence of new opportunities need for Wi-Fi networks will not change, but we want to liberate the user from having to constantly look for wireless access point», - said head of research company IDC Shiv Bahshi. Reported that a new consortium, apart from already mentioned, included the company Hutchison Whampoa Ltd, Dell, ECS, Ericsson, Gemalto, Lenovo, Orange, a unit France Telecom SA, Qualcomm, Telefonica Europe, T-Mobile and Toshiba. The emergence of new laptops, marked a trademark of Mobile Broadband, is expected by Christmas this year.

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The method of Munchausen

The financial crisis forced shake world markets, dramatically changed the behavior of the leading IT-corporations. Those that have only recently boasted popularity of its shares to investors now enjoy the moment and quickly buy up their own podeshevevshie securities. And these actions are not devoid of meaning: in a situation of instability and the lack of interesting investment projects profitable companies to invest in themselves.

Microsoft has announced that it is ready to redeem their shares at U.S. $40 billion over five years (the stand about 17% of securities companies at their current price). In addition, the company increased its quarterly dividend of one share at 18% - up to 13 cents. According to the experts, all this shows that the direction Microsoft wants to return funds to shareholders, lost from the failed deal with Yahoo. Another, much more obvious goal - to increase the value of their assets during the financial crisis. After Announcement of new stock repurchase program analysts Standard & Poor's changed the rating on the shares of Microsoft AAA - the highest rating on the scale of S & P. Over the past 10 years, the company has not received such a rating. According to analysts, the paper software giant rated so highly in connection with the «strong competitive position» company and its «financial conservatism». However, not all start now. Back in 2004, Microsoft announced four years to spend up to $30 billion to purchase its own shares. Later, this amount increased to $40 billion Given the current size of the capitalization of Microsoft, it becomes clear that for $40 billion corporation may skupit approximately 17.4% of its shares. In total, over the past five years, Microsoft by redemption of shares and payment of dividends paid to shareholders of approximately $115 billion, but it now turns out, it was just the beginning. In a press release about the redemption of shares Microsoft Chief Financial Officer Chris Liddell said: «The last of the company demonstrated confidence in the long-term growth and our commitment to return capital to our shareholders». Indeed, before the NASDAQ trading session of September 22, Microsoft shares went up by 4.81% - to $26.37. Note, however, that since a year ago, Microsoft announced its proposal to acquire Internet company Yahoo for $47.5 billion, a software corporation has lost 22% of its value.

The world's largest manufacturer of personal computers - the company Hewlett-Packard - also agreed to add to your portfolio shares. For additional redemption board of directors of Hewlett-Packard has allocated $8 billion This will be the biggest purchase in the company's history. By the way, about $3 billion of that amount left from last year, when the plan for redemption was missed. Apparently, HP at $8 billion could buy 166 million of its shares. According to analysts, the time for redemption chosen well: market value of securities PC manufacturers (all) fell to a minimum.

The example Microsoft and Hewlett-Packard in the last two-three weeks, followed by many residents of Silicon Valley. Specialists attribute: Purchase of treasury shares, the company actually pays dividends to its shareholders. The fact is that in the U.S. buying shares taxed at a lower rate than the payment of dividends. It turns out that it is advantageous to shareholders to sell its corporate securities. Generally same diligence IT-companies to support their stock quotes using the procedure to reverse repurchase (buy back), until recently, determined the stability of the stock market in a crisis. NASDAQ Stock Exchange because more confident and kept others in the «black» days of September that the IT-companies to invest spare cash in shares. Theoretically buy back must show that managers believe the securities of the company undervalued. In fact, the company attempts to raise the stock market on their own are very similar to the actions of Baron Munchausen, vytaskivayuschego themselves from the swamp by the hair. While difficult to say happened or not. Nevertheless, it is reasonable behavior during the crisis. Another case - that the time «after the crisis» could not be less like the crisis itself. Rather, it was then purchased shares previously will gradually return to the market. And here they will meet stiff competition from those IT-companies that have previously expressed the desire to become public (that is to issue its own shares), but postponed the IPO indefinitely.

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