Monday, April 14, 2008

IT SECTOR: passion for top managers

Trades on the high-tech NASDAQ stock exchange impose observers (including your humble servant) in a state of deep confusion. One day literally all indexes rise, the next - are falling. Rubbish determine the trend can not. However, in the last week of March mainly news IT industry has been reshuffling personnel.

Shortly company Intel could leave immediately, four top manager. Reports from various sources, in particular, stated that the reduction and the reshuffling in management positions in the company come from the ongoing massive restructuring. Presumably, the company will take Shirley Turner, director of marketing for Intel in North America, Nick Davidson, director of North American sales department, Head of marketing programs and initiatives, Mike Steward, as well as another has not yet been named manager. However, an official statement from Intel on the subject has not yet been followed. The company only say that more than a year has been undergoing reforms affecting staff structure and aimed primarily at reducing costs. Representatives of the company confirmed that major changes are taking place in offices associated with a development and marketing, but continues to emphasize that the information on personnel reshuffling remains closed.

Incidentally, March 31, resigned on their own head of marketing and corporate vice-president of Sony Ericsson Di Dutta. He worked at the company since 2002, and as head of marketing department - in 2003. It is under his leadership, Sony Ericsson brand rose to the second place in the Brand Purchase Consideration. Dick Komiyama, president of Sony Ericsson, the so-care colleagues commented: "Di has done much to increase the brand Sony Ericsson. We wish him the very best in the future. " It is not reported who will take the helm of the marketing department. Dismissals will also Dell - will be laid off workers within the closure of production assembly of PCs in the city of Austin Texas. Under the reduction will fall from 800 to 900 people. The plant Topfer Manufacturing Centre will cease to exist on January 1, 2009 and гендиректор company founder Michael Dell said that it would allow Dell to save $ 3 billion In general, long-term strategy for the company includes a reduction of staff by 10%: total dismiss about 8800 people. In recent months, Dell has cut 3200 employees. The Corporation also intends to sell its financial services unit, as its partner - CIT - is experiencing difficulties because of the mortgage crisis in the United States. A Motorola intends to cease production of mobile phones in Singapore. As a result, 700 employees lose their jobs Singapore refinery company. It is in Singapore will continue its work head office in the Asia-Pacific region, in the walls of which also located Motorola and Research Unit podrazdalenie software development. Closing the Singapore plant will be a milestone in the implementation of the global programme Motorola to reduce costs, which the company expects to save up to $ 500 million Following IV quarter of last year, mobile sales declined by 38%, while total company revenues declined by 84%. The proportion of Motorola in the cellular market has fallen lower than in 2005.

But back to Intel. The company Gartner predicts that the market for personal computers by the end of 2008 is projected to grow by 11%. This year will be 293 million PCs sold, most of the - in emerging markets. However, in the case of an unfavourable economic environment, market growth could slow. Gartner analyst George Schieffer said: "In general, the PC market is in good shape. In the IV quarter of 2007, developing countries had been sold 60% of the total number of computers, and the trend will continue in 2008 - m. However, the slowing economy and a drop in consumer demand in the United States could affect the supply of PCs, through its impact on consumers' incomes and profits of legal persons ". Given that Intel processors are on most PC sold, Gartner forecast both benign and worrisome for the microprocessor corporation. Meanwhile, the Intel and Europe's largest microchips Swiss company ST Microelectronics create a joint company to produce flash memory. The company, which has already been dubbed Numonyx, will have a market value of $ 2.38 billion and will become the world's largest producer of flash memory and a supplier of NOR flash memory market for mobile phones. Executive Director Brian will Numonyx Garrison, a former head of unit for the production of Intel flash memory. Intel infusion of a new company, including production capacity and capital would amount to 45.1% of the total value of the enterprise, will be 48.6% owned by ST Microelectronics, and 6.3% - the financial group Francisco Partners. In addition, Intel has already invested in the company, and spends a "third-party" sources of financing for about $ 300 million 2500 employees will move to Intel Numonyx.

Taiwanese company Hon Hai Precision Industry Co. Known for its Foxconn brand, has entered into a contract with Apple to manufacture new model Communicator Apple iPhone. Taiwan companies managed to become the exclusive manufacturer of a new device, which is expected to be released in the middle of this year and will be able to work in 3G networks. Representatives Hon Hai confirmed that negotiations with Apple to produce the new, more functional versions iPhone. Apple and Hon Hai old partners: the power of plants Asian companies produced several models iPod players and other Apple products. Microsoft and Yahoo continue to exchange kicks, it is true, has been diminished. Citigroup analyst Mark Mahaney suggested that the fair price is Yahoo shares for $ 34 a security. In the financial group felt that Microsoft will eventually increase the amount proposed for the corporation as well as the acquisition of search engine for Microsoft strategically very important. This will allow the software giant to significantly increase its share of the search advertising market, which currently leads Google. But now Yahoo is trying to agree on a merger with AOL - a subsidiary of Time Warner corporate structure. The merger will significantly increase the value of the company and the long delay absorption, which is prepared by Microsoft.

At the semiconductor market has lull, with the exception of VIA success. The company connects great expectations with its energy-efficient 64 - bit superskalyarnymi Isaiah Processor architecture. C modern desktop CPU Intel and AMD in productivity such products are unlikely to vastly although VIA and declares "sufficient power for software decoding video discs from Blu-ray", but for the ruler Intel Atom could constitute serious competition. Isaiah claimed maximum power consumption of no more than 3.5 W, while Atom consumes in the region of 0,6-2,5 Vt. Test rivals have not been published, but it can be assumed that superskalyarny Isaiah, who serves three-compatible x86 instructions in a single clock cycle should be faster Atom. Now head of Centaur Technology, a subsidiary of VIA, which developed and Isaiah, said that such processors are now available partners for testing. Issue products to the consumer market is expected in May-June this year. Such processors will be used primarily in compact and affordable portable devices. VIA representative also said that the company plans to produce models based on the dual-core architecture Isaiah, but the timing of their appearance on the market is not yet known.

Now let's talk about the Asian giant. A Chinese affairs are not so brilliantly, as sometimes it seems. Chinese manufacturers of mobile phones are approaching a crisis - at the home market, they can not compete Nokia, Samsung and other brands. According to the report Nikkei Electonics Asia, in the IV quarter of 2007, the profit of Chinese producers has declined steadily. As stated in the study, many Chinese manufacturers of mobile phones have been forced to merge with larger competitors or close the proceedings, which can not responsive to the preferences of local mobile network users. Relatively small producers can not make up for that supply products to the markets of other developing countries, as do ZTE, Amoi, Huawei, Inventec and some others. In pursuit of the company to lower costs are starting to use standardized platform for the local production company Spreadtrum and Taiwan Mediatek. The company Videocon, the largest Indian manufacturer of electronics, is interested in buying a Motorola mobile units. It said the chairman of the board of directors Videocom Venugopal Dhoot. According to him, negotiations are at an early stage, the value of the deal has not yet been identified, even provisionally. Note that, in the assessment of Merrill Lynch, Motorola mobile unit can be sold for $ 3.8 billion This is about 5 times more than the Videocon offered for Daewoo Electronics last year. Meanwhile, the Indian tax authorities accused Microsoft of tax evasion. The court ordered the corporation to pay the Treasury $ 175 million fine, half of which is the amount of profit tax not paid for the territory of India received at the author's remuneration. The Court's decision is based on the user agreement, which is attached to Microsoft products. According to the tax authorities, a local company owned by Microsoft GraceMac - Distributor software giant - not paying taxes since 1999. In accordance with accounting records, the company has not arrived. But net profit GraceMac, according to the tax ranges from 35% to 73% of the proceeds from sales of Microsoft licenses in the country. Had the money through another subsidiary, Microsoft, located in Singapore. Microsoft representatives emphasize that all proceeds from sales of software on the territory of India, is sent to Microsoft Regional Sales Company in the USA, which sells software to regional distributors. The company pays taxes in the United States and, in accordance with an agreement between the countries exempt from income tax in India.

The market electronic entertainment, as usual, lived their lives. Former vice-president of entertainment and devices unit Microsoft Sandy Duncan believes that the business model based on game console release, it is very dangerous. He said that the cost of developing new consoles astronomical, but there is no special technical differences between Xbox 360 and in any player recording on the basis of the hard disk. After 5-10 years of television stations any type of cease to exist, as their work will be excellent deal virtualizirovannye Web services. Prior to his dismissal from Microsoft in 2003, Duncan was responsible for the sale and promotion of Xbox consoles in European countries. Now he is back in the gaming industry, becoming general manager of a gaming site YoYo Games. The British Government, through the European Commission initiated an investigation Canadian trade practices. Officials suspect that the state aid to producers in Canada offering computer games, does not meet the WTO rules. This is the tax deduction that companies in different areas of Canada. For example, in the province of Manitoba companies can write off 45% of the cost of labour. In Quebec, the same figure was 37.5% in Ontario - 30% for small businesses and 20% - for companies with revenues of more than $ 20 million a year. In British Columbia - Canada's westernmost province - the tax deduction for labor is not available, but private investors have 30 - percentage deduction in the amount of up to $ 60 thousand a year. European companies moved to Canada, has already invested in the country's economy millions of dollars and hired thousands of qualified Canadian experts. In particular, the French UbiSoft opened its studio in Montreal - the largest in the city.

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