Wednesday, May 7, 2008

Progress Mozilla

March 31, celebrated its tenth anniversary organization Mozilla. The wide range of users Mozilla are most commonly known as the developer of the popular browser Firefox, which is now a successful close on the world market Microsoft Internet Explorer. And only a few know that in fact quite Mozilla produces a wide range of different software to work with the Internet.

Initially, perhaps, is to remember history - even more so, that many young users of the global network certainly little knowledge about the dramatic events of the first years of the WWW. Like that Mozilla was "the debris" legendary company Netscape. In the mid-and late nineties last century, Netscape dominated the browser market. But the company began to experience increasing pressure from Internet Explorer. Unlike browser Netscape, which was worth about $ 30 (free version was only to curtail functionality), "Online brodilka" from Microsoft was free and, moreover, comes with Windows. After several years of hard struggle owners and top managers have decided to allocate Netscape browser source code into the hands of volunteer developers, concentrating its attention on the release of corporate products. In early 1998, Netscape opened the source code of its browser, and March 31 of that year, officially began its work organization Mozilla. That she had to deal with the coordination of developing a set of applications Mozilla Application Suite. And it is in this package is based on a source Netscape. In summer 2003, the Telecommunications Corporation America Online (AOL), which shortly before the close to bankruptcy acquired Netscape, has lost interest in the development organization Mozilla. Then the lights came on nonprofit fund Mozilla Foundation. And on August 3, 2005 Mozilla Foundation announced the establishment of its commercial units Mozilla Corporation. Soon, he was handed over all operations related to the promotion of Firefox and email client Thunderbird.

Looking back in the days of the anniversary, Mitchell Baker, president of the board of directors of Mozilla, said that over the years, "the organization was able to do tremendous work. Created by the community of independent developers Firefox package to date is the second most popular browser in the world after Internet Explorer and continues to increase market share. Recently, the Mozilla organization consisting of a new unit Mozilla Messaging, whose staff will further development of email client Thunderbird ". Among the immediate plans of the organization Mozilla - third issue browser version Firefox, which is now at an advanced stage of testing. In addition, Mozilla is developing a version of your browser, designed for use on portable devices. Here, they, however, will have to fight with already gained popularity and a significant market share Opera Mini. But while Firefox 3.0 has only just preparing to surprise the market, Mozilla has already begun work on a new generation of functions for the fourth version of its browser. It is expected that Firefox 4 will be added closer integration with content stored on a hard drive PC user. About Mozilla work of new features for the fourth version of Firefox in an interview with the publication Webware told Chris Bird, vice-president of Mozilla. According to him, now the company is developing two new and innovative concept for the Firefox 4, which enhance the browser. One of the functions of the future of Firefox 4 called Prism. With its help, users can visit the web-sites and gain access to some of their content, even without access to the global network. The ultimate goal of developers - to create technologies to develop web-applications, which can be used not only via the Internet, but also to apply them to be installed on a PC. As pointed out by Bird, the kernel is scheduled to make a browser open to third-party application developers. Another important function, which is being developed for the fourth version of the browser is Weave. It allows you to create and store in the internet browser settings separately for each user, rather than for the entire computer entirely. With its help anybody can quickly establish their personal settings and bookmarks regardless because of what the PC it works. It is expected that this feature will be present and in the final version of Firefox 3, but Firefox 4 will provide access to user profiles and other browsers. Chris Bird said that this is only a small part of those functions of the new generation, which now employs staff Mozilla.

Incidentally, March 20, Mozilla officially announced that the final version of Firefox 3 almost ready for widespread use. After long months of development and testing of the latest beta version of Firefox 3 can already be downloaded from users. Significantly, the first of Mozilla did not recommend a wide range of users to switch to Firefox 2, which was launched in October 2006 - the first on Firefox 3. Several released beta versions of Firefox 3 were professionals and "advanced" users, ready to work with the new browser at your own risk. However, any special prohibitions or restrictions on downloading earlier betas decreed. Mozilla developers are still working on the program and plan to release the final version of Firefox 3 by the end of June this year. Already aware that Firefox 3 uses less RAM than the previous version, and also provides greater security user. The main competitors remain Firefox Internet Explorer from Microsoft, as well as Opera and Safari from Apple. Microsoft Corporation in early March 2008 - has already submitted a first beta of Internet Explorer 8. According to the software giant, unlike his predecessors, Internet Explorer 8 will default to support all modern web-standards. Indeed, a new version of the most common web-browser successfully passes Acid2 Browser Test, developed Web Standards Project. This test tells you whether the program is processing the last HTML and CSS specifications and able to properly display web-pages. It is expected that the final version of Internet Explorer 8 will see the light through 9-10 months after the launch of beta.

Regarding the browser Opera - the product of Norwegian company Opera Software - he, in spite of their low prevalence, enjoys well-deserved love and respect of professionals, many working with the Internet. In turn, the company Apple last year to spoil the mood immediately to all market participants, releasing its Windows-version of its browser Safari. The product, however, turned out to be frankly "raw". But do not forget about Apple miles habit of doing "konfetku" from any of its products. So I am sure: Safari for Windows still recall itself.

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Remote hole in the IT-security

On the topic of information security progovoreno already done. And that the problem worse year after year - too. Every once in informbezopasnosti for companies and government agencies are found all the new gaps. Last year, for example, insiders were major problems and loss of data due to simple negligence. Now there are new problems.

An increasing spread in the world receives remote work. Typically, these officers perform their duties, staying at home and interacting with the business via telephone and through computer networks. For companies implementing schemes work remotely employees who perform some kind of intellectual work extremely profitable. Exempt jobs in offices, reduced turnover, increased productivity. But in terms informbezopasnosti increase in the number of remote workers this most noticeably reduces security. This is especially true of finance, business services and software development. Among the risks associated with the creation of remote jobs - to open suspicious e-mail, vulnerability to spam, intrusion into an unprotected wireless network under the guise of legitimate user or using legitimate connections
user, as well as the use of corporate devices jointly with foreign officials for the employer with all the ensuing consequences, increased risk of theft of computer equipment. But control by the IT-service businesses over the actions of these users, to put it mildly, difficult.

According to experts, the problem of IT-security remote workers is greatest in countries such as Brazil, India and China, Managers 83% of enterprises in China and India pledged to increase spending this year to ensure information security "distantsionschikov." In Brazil, there were 68%. But the problem exists in all countries. Owned annual study on the issue of protection of remote workers recently held corporation Cisco. In the poll Cisco 2000 I participated T-professionals working in various industries and enterprises of all sizes from Australia, Brazil, Britain, Germany, India, Italy, China, France, USA and Japan. The main conclusion of the report Cisco: excellent entrepreneurs see benefits of remote work schemes, but they are forced to bear the financial burden and: required to ensure that remote employees do not jeopardize corporate security. Statistics of the study is this: nearly two thirds (62%) of decision makers in the field of IT, said that already this year are going to increase spending on information security, to reduce the risks associated with employees who work outside the office. More than a third (37%) of those surveyed said that over the budget in 2007 are planning to increase costs by more than 10%.

Another point. According to specialists the company Cisco, to minimize the costs associated with distance work, it is very important to properly instruct staff. John Stewart, chief specialist Cisco to ensure information security, head on this occasion: "Keeping staff and raising their awareness reduce the threat of cyber attacks and related costs painful." That's only relevant instructions in most companies as it was not, or not ... But another problem. Remote Work provides a wide variety of staff attackers. Including, for example, the same insiders. Measures to ensure informbezopasnosti, which may in the office, extremely difficult to staff working from home PCs. IT-departments of enterprises accounted develop new methods of protection, and it is possible to say yet nepahanoe field.

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The main problem of the digital age

The other day came news: recording company Sony BMG Music Entertainment announced that develops new subscription music service.

According to Rolf Schmidt-Holz, managing director of Sony BMG, users of the service will receive unlimited access to the entire catalog of tracks companies (which millions of records). It is expected that the monthly subscription fee for the new service range from $9 to $12, and tracks could be playing at all modern mp3-player including iPod. However, until the projected date of launching the new service is unknown. Indeed, in recent months, similar news comes just a bundle. Among other things, this shows a changing attitude towards copyright. Yet it is one of the most painful problems of the digital era. " Around him break a lot of copies; disputes on the issue of copyright occur in the network with an enviable regularity. All the arguments have already been expressed on numerous occasions, but none anyone has not persuaded. In the end, everything boils down to one outcome: the recruitment of mutual recriminations and insults in the spirit: "You thieves!" -- "A bourgeois you!" Let's try to understand: what did happen?
As water, a few aspects of the problem. But still the main key, no - this is technological progress in the face lbami three parties: the creative community, and business ethics. Over the last two a half-dozen years the development of technological progress has meant that the means of mass printing and dissemination of information have become extremely simple and accessible: they can use virtually any. Printer, copier, CD and DVD-recorders, flash cards ... In memory mp3 player easily can be written in high-quality digitization Dzhokondu (free to download via r2r-network) and then as long as you want to enjoy it at least a PC screen, while cell phone ... Two dozen years ago would have had to buy an art gallery or take that Big Soviet Encyclopedia. And now copied - I do not want to! About the distribution of such pirated (conditionally speaking) copies and should not speak. The Internet made for the unlimited possibilities, and tend to check the information anywhere. Water hole will find ... Remember: with only one file-sharing networks already how many years of struggling. And how - poboroli? All this is what? Yes to the fact that in our times, to preserve intact the copyright to works of the intellect - music, films, paintings, books, software - was simply impossible. And this is reality. Today, every himself and typography, and studio recording, and processing factory for the production of copies of films and theater. On the other hand, during the last century show-and mediabiznes became sufficiently powerful industry and can dictate its conditions to peace. A copyright - breeding substance of this business. You know, that copyrights on multyash-governmental Disney heroes still bring his descendants billions? Yet, the good, they all long been the world's cultural heritage.

In short, business dictating their conditions (clear which). And, consequently, lobbies adoption of relevant laws. But whether the laws to stop progress? Tell me something you've heard that after the invention of Gutenberg printing press to enact laws protecting the rights perepischikov books? I do not heard. There remains the question: whether the progress of digital technology (which made it possible pogolovnoe piracy) suffer not only the interests of businessmen, but also creators? And creators does not matter in what area - from musicians to software developers. At this time by a powerful business started a war "to protect the creators." It was chosen main strategy of resistance to progress, which is described by one phrase: "Everyone who enjoys the intellectual products derived not from the explicit permission of creators (and their descendants) - thieves and scoundrel." But stop! Here, we already are dealing with different - morally - aspect of the problem. Why consumers behave so badly: do not listen to persuasion, not afraid of laws and continue to use counterfeit copies of intellectual products? Owners of copyright generally explain this so that people are inherently flawed, and if there is an opportunity to steal with impunity - invariably stolen. But the mentality of modern man is far more difficult. For example, banal theft, for example, in the shop, is still unacceptable to the normal rights and fate remains marginalized. But pirated software enjoyed by virtually all pogolovno, like listening to music and watch movies. CD and DVD with control rafaktom sold everywhere in the city centre, and try to find licensing discs ... That is, society does not accept free use of others' intellectual product as a crime. In doing so, the very notion of "copyright" perceived by society, too, in its own way. Nobody will not assume the authorship of songs "The Beatles" or DDT. But download them "to halyavu" from the network - not a sin. It turns out that opponents of the free flow of intellectual product is not fighting with people, but from an ethical system, whose age has already many centuries. And in terms of the ethics share unselfishly - is not bad, but a good deed. Incidentally, the major world religions preach the same thing for centuries. Postulate of human culture: steal - it is bad, because theft threatens the stability of society. A altruism - is good, because this is a valid factor that contributes to the survival of society. That is why kids usually convince parents that on good-neighbourly have to give the boy play with your machine. According to the person who acquires its own money on a movie DVD, then, looking, spends his own time, translate it crashed there subtitles and spread it to all comers in the peer-to-peer network and does not require anything in return, in terms of public morality altruists. On the software situation is somewhat more confusing, but in fact similar. In addition, the rapid spread of free software with questions that had never been raised. Here's an example: if I can freely and legally obtain powerful office package OpenOffice, then why can not free to use a similar package of opportunities for MS Office? If some people do for me free OpenOffice, then why do I have to preying on people from Microsoft? This debate can be endless. Plus, a number usually neobsuzhdaemyh points. Here are some. After all, DVD or CD for the most part, law-abiding initially purchased in stores, and then spread into the network whether the thief is the one who bought them and then opened them to share? The cost of Windows XP Home Edition BOX about $140 (possibly outdated data). And the cost of OEM-version - $80. It turns out $60 charge for the box and instruction? Farewell, common sense! Poyekhali further. Opponents of the free flow of information claim that intellectual piracy is growing rapidly and here they certainly are right. Then who will explain that is as fast-growing royalties musicians and Hollywood stars, the salaries of programmers, revenues Microsoft? Against this backdrop, the thesis "Pirates rob hapless authors" somehow becomes irrelevant ... Analysts argue: tough opposition "sell - pirate and supports its consumer" has occurred, as a rule, precisely when there is not the dialogue. That is when the consumer simply intimidated, rather than argues its position. And by the way, and how to define the moment when it
or other product becomes universal heritage, and it should open up free access?

In general, it is obvious: the use of repressive measures against the pirates of intellectual serious effect will not. But the very intellectual piracy in the end may be in a fairly difficult position - if only because of a decline in the quality of content, is the object of piracy. So, you need to seek a mutually accepted solution. This option may become a new business scheme, providing all the same sort of payment mediakontenta (PO's talk about something as separately later), but the payment was far from the current level. Plus, most new schemes spread. About the initiative of Sony BMG Music Entertainment, we talked at the very beginning - etaky buffet for music lovers. Here is another example: recording labels are asked Apple to give them a portion of the money from iPod sales in exchange for the possibility for users to enjoy free online service iTunes Store for some time. And, for example, the record label Universal Music has joined Nokia Comes with Music, which allows customers to download music from Nokia, which originally cost embedded in the price of the device. By Comes with Music also plans to join label EMI. In general, the process has gone - albeit only in the area and copyright of musical content. Let's see, that will happen next.

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