Monday, March 15, 2010

IT-giants to chip development.

Leading American IT-company decided to "chip in" to help the national economy - not without benefit to itself, of course. Total plans to collect about $ 3.5 billion, this money will be invested in the U.S. IT-developers, as well as an increase in the number of jobs in the IT-industry.

The economic crisis has seriously undermined the U.S. position as a world technology leader, capable of creating innovative products and solutions. In 2009, Intel and Newsweek conducted a poll which showed: only a third of Americans believe in the fact that their nation will remain a technological leader in the race for the next 30 years.

Realizing that the situation must somehow be corrected, the largest U.S. IT-companies, including Intel, Cisco, HP, Dell and others, have launched a joint initiative. It is the declared goal - help the U.S. economy. Assistance will be implemented in two ways - the largest producers are investing in local developers $ 3.5 billion, and in parallel - will increase the range of computer and engineering specialists in your home state. Last is especially touching when over the last year of massive cuts of various IT-staff. Now, when economic growth resumed, companies still need to hire additional staff - so why not do so under the banner of the native country?

With investments in development is not so simple. Long been known that the abundance of various software and all sorts of technological "tricks perfectly (albeit indirectly) stimulates the sale of computer equipment. And that money will get it and the only American designers, will appease the trade unions themselves (yes, in the States and the trade unions have programming). After all, these unions have long felt indignant over the fact that the lion's share of allocated money spent on the development of Indian, Chinese, Irish and partly even Belarusian outsourcers.

However, turn to the details. The instigator of the initiative made by the corporation Intel - it was she who suggested that a group of companies Invest in America Alliance. The proposal was voiced by the president himself, and Intel CEO Paul Otellini during his speech, held at the headquarters of the nonprofit organization The Brookings Institution in Washington. Quote: "Business is able to provide support and to assist her, despite the achievements of the State in this direction, or lack thereof."

Soon after the document was adopted in which, inter alia, said: "The ultimate objective of Invest in America Alliance is to strengthen U.S. competitiveness in the international arena through the development of promising sectors of the economy and employment generation." Financing, by the way, will go through a global investment fund Intel Capital.

Act this industrial alliance will be on the two programs. The first program is scheduled to invest over the next two years, a total of $ 3.5 billion in hi-tech companies located in the United States. Investments will have small and medium-promising firms that deal with information technology, biotechnology, "smart" energy and renewable energy. This list is not accidental: alliance members believe that these areas should be considered as key areas of the U.S. economy. So if vigorously develop them now, they certainly play an important role on the world market in the near future.

It is expected that in the first program, except for proper Intel Capital to take part more than two dozen investment funds. And the program will create new jobs in such segments as molecular diagnostics, bioinformatics and others. That is, will create a cadre reserve for the future.

The second program - strictly personnel. In her part of the leading IT-companies, which entered the community of Invest in America Alliance, committed themselves to increase in 2010, recruitment of new staff. Some of them have promised to increase employment immediately doubled. This preference will be given to graduates of educational institutions - that is, it comes to providing first job.

In total, over 2010 members of the alliance should be made to work about 10,5 thousand graduates, mostly in engineering and computer skills. But not only - will also be recruited specialists in such areas as financial analysis, marketing, consulting, sales, etc. Results for this initiative have already joined 17 companies, including Accenture, Adobe Systems, Autodesk, Broadcom, Cisco Systems, Dell, eBay, EMC, General Electric, Google, HP, Marvell Semiconductor, Microsoft and Yahoo.

Commenting on the initiative of the personnel, the head of personnel Intel Richard Taylor said: "The graduates are among the people, for whom the crisis has had the greatest impact. Give them jobs today - the best way to provide innovative development of our economy."

However, until the formation of neither the first nor the second program to be completed. It is expected that in the coming months to a group of Invest in America Alliance will join the new investment funds and technology companies.

By the way, this is not the first such program. Early last year, Intel announced that it intends for several years to invest in updating its infrastructure in the United States, a total of $ 7 billion as a result of such large-scale modernization should appear about 7 thousand permanent jobs and more than 4,000 temporary jobs for construction workers and technicians. However, the statement Intel has been more political.

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IBM is preparing optical chips.

Staff research division of IBM said that they were able to develop the last element of the set, which is required for the construction of fundamentally new - optical - computer chips. In such circuits signals between transistors and cores will be transmitted through the light pulses.

So far, IBM is not specifically advertise the fact that a large group corporation engaged in applied scientists silicon photonics - the science that is examining ways to transfer data within computer systems using light pulses. But now the press office of IBM proudly told the world: scientists have created a corporation nanophotonic avalanche photo detector - a miniature device, capable of extremely high speeds to convert light pulses into a binary code.

It is based on all the same semiconductors. Spillage on the photodetector of a light pulse, in his material released several carriers, which then release the other carriers - is cascading effect. As a result of the original signal is multiplied many times, and the device consuming the equivalent, compared with other similar photodetectors, the amount of energy and working voltage of 1.5 V, is able to receive optical signals at 40 Gbit / s and with minimum interference to give 400 billion bits per second of digital information. That is, the incoming signal is multiplied by 10 times.

To produce the photodetector were used silicon and germanium, ie materials that are widely used in modern microelectronics. It is important and that the photodetector was fabricated using modern production technologies, already used in mass production of electronic components. This means that it is not so hard to establish a commercial production of hybrid chips, in which the photodetectors will be located next to the transistors and provide a link between them and the kernels with light pulses.

A new avalanche photodetector - is the last component of a set of tools that are required for designing optical hybrid chip. First - back in December 2007-th - IBM announced the development of electro-optic modulator, which converts electrical signals into optical pulses. That is, electro-optical modulator makes the inverse established now photodetector. In addition, in recent years has also developed a tiny router to control optical signals, as well as a buffer to store them - ie the components necessary for the development of optical chips.

Even the developers are confident that the hybrid optoelectronic chips will bring the era of compact and efficient in terms of energy consumption of supercomputers with computing power, measured in ekzaflopah. This is a thousand times more than capable of providing advanced high-performance computing systems.

Applied silicon photonics is one of the most promising directions of development of microelectronics. It is no accident development in this area are many companies, including - Sun Microsystems and Intel. In 2008, Intel first announced that she was able to develop a similar avalanche photodetector with an output bandwidth of 340 GHz. However, IBM representatives say that their device is 20 times smaller than any of the existing developments. This allowed, in particular, to reduce by approximately 60% of noise in signal amplification.

Day again become shorter.

The earthquake in Chile, a magnitude of 8.8 points the Earth's axis shifted by about 2.7 milliarksekundy, ie 8 cm and the length of Earth days decreased by 1.26 microseconds. These are the modeling results conducted by NASA experts. This is not so much when compared with the more powerful 2004 earthquake near Sumatra, a magnitude 9.1 points. Then night fell by 6.8 microseconds.

With the help of instruments is practically impossible to fix these microscopic changes, but they can be a high degree of reliability model. In strong tectonic shifts change the distribution of mass in the volume of the globe, which affects the rotation of the planet.

According to NASA, the displacement of the axis - is not the only consequence of the earthquake. For example, a small island of Santa Maria near the second largest Chilean city of Concepcion could easily rise to two meters above sea level. At least, as a result of past earthquakes, he was raised.

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Google accused Microsoft in a proxy war.

As is known, in late February, the EU began antitrust investigation against Google, launched by small companies, close to Microsoft. It turns out that this is not an isolated case. The Wall Street Journal cites evidence of so-called "proxy wars", that is a global campaign, which was organized by Microsoft against Google smallest third of firms and, at first glance, unrelated to each other cases. Such "competition" of affairs is becoming more and more, they start in individual countries and towns of the United States, but, surprisingly, against Google, they serve the best-paid lawyers from law firms, and sometimes the "former" top lawyers Microsoft, is now supposedly Leading independent legal business. For example, a small business firm in Ohio against Google is famous Charles Ruhl (Charles "Rick" Rule), the former head of the Antimonopoly Committee of the Ministry of Justice.

According to analysts, in the near future we can expect that many small business will merge into one large-scale trial of an online "monopoly" Google. The results can be catastrophic, such as results of the antitrust case against Microsoft in the late 90's. The corporation has failed to fix its image after the widely publicized trial. Before it begins, it was a promising innovative company, and after the process it has become in the eyes of the public in a monopoly and "evil corporation", and can not change that image so far.

Microsoft rejected the accusations in the initiation of claims, but confirms its readiness to provide legal assistance in the preparation of claims to all victims of any kind was a monopoly. With the participation of Microsoft in Europe, an organization ICOMP (Initiative for a Competitive Online Marketplace), the sole target of legal claims, which is so far only one company. Of course, this is Google.

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Skype on Ovi Store

Last week, Skype and Nokia solemnly announced a Skype for Symbian - free software application, which can now download and install any owner of the Nokia on S60 5 th edition. Thus, carriers are transformed into ordinary Internet service providers, and the super-profits on roaming will soon have to forget forever.

It is known that release of the program took place on 15 February, but the last event is a landmark in the light of the confrontation with all Nokia mobile operators worldwide. Release any Skype software has the right, there can not do anything, but now running almost "criminal" in his trademark soft-store - such operators are unlikely to forgive the Finns.

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