Monday, August 25, 2008

IT-industry: willingness to everything

Are held last summer days. That's about to come autumn, and with it - and the long-awaited revitalization of the global IT-business. But then, perhaps, is caution against excessive optimism. Analysts company Gartner noted that the weakening world economy soon may force consumers to buy fewer electronics. In the coming months is expected to reduce the widespread sales of computer equipment that will affect the rapidly producing microchips. Until this year, sales of PCs and mobile phones kept at a high level thanks to developing markets (China, India, Russia, South America), which is heated by industry. But at Gartner believe that soon, and in these countries will be felt the impact of global economic crisis.

In March this year, experts forecast by Gartner changed the overall production of chips, taking into account the decline in the prices of memory and the deterioration of the global economy. Thus, if the previously expected annual profit growth in IT-industry stood at 6.2%, but now it dropped to 3.4% ($ 278.4 billion). According to forecasts Gartner, improvements in the industry should not wait before the second half of next year.

Microprocessor passions

One of the most notable events this summer was the intensification of the two largest producers of processors - AMD and Intel. Both companies have sought to strengthen their market position. In doing so, a number of miscalculations, admitted the authority of AMD, led to a weakening market position of the manufacturer. One of those mistakes proved acquisition of ATI, eventually obernuvsheesya big loss for AMD. Nevertheless, the company does not intend to give up: now AMD has taken serious steps, trying to stay competitive. In July the company was headed by Dirk Meyer, who succeeded as general director Hector Ruiz.

Now leaders of the company has plans to reorganize production, which, however, still kept secret. Do not forget AMD and their "direct responsibility", while continuing to replenish its range of new products: last month were released three new quad processor Phenom X4. For such activity AMD followed by significant growth in the ranking positions the company: from 20 - the first place, she moved to fifth. AMD competitor Intel, in the person also does not waste time. In the rating of proposals corporation was able to deprive the company Apple second place which is occupied for several months. After 40 years after the founding of affairs at Intel are excellent. To verify this, just look at the financial performance of the corporation for the II quarter of this year. In July Intel introduced the Intel Centrino platform 2, which immediately interested in leading notebook manufacturers. Moreover, in the near future Corporation intends to release onto the market a number of promising products, among them - dual-core processor Intel Atom, microarchitecture chips on Nehalem, as well as video Larrabee. According to Steysi Smith, financial director of Intel, earnings for the quarter ranged from $ 10 to $ 10.6 billion (In doing so, according to Reuters Estimates, analysts forecast earnings in Intel III quarter at around $ 10.3 billion) Commenting on its forecast, Smith noted that Intel has shown good performance during the year even though the slowdown in economic growth has affected not only the U.S. but also Western Europe. The main reason for good performance Intel, according to Smith - the timely entry into the market for mobile processors - in particular, Issue chip Atom, to be used in inexpensive gadgets and laptops. Now sales Atom development becomes a priority objective in the face of slowing growth in world PC market. Quote: "Atom become very good acceleration at the start, exceeding our expectations at the beginning of the year. The product fits perfectly into a modern prosperous state is not the American economy in which consumers pay more attention to low-cost devices.

However, according to findirektora Intel, the company intends to establish exactly how and in what areas need Market Atom, only in the next six months. In the meantime, it is anticipated that the processor is very well suited for use in mobile devices, in emerging markets, as well as for people who want to be second inexpensive PCs, in addition to the core. Along with AMD and Intel demonstrated the positive dynamics and other manufacturers of computer equipment. Thus, the company closed the first ten Dell, Toshiba and Nvidia divided among themselves 13 - yu line, and Lenovo took 17 - first place.

Incidentally, on Lenovo

According to quarterly reports company Lenovo, net profit in II quarter of this year reached $ 110 million - a 65% increase over the same period last year, when profit was $ 66.84 million These figures exceeded expectations of most analysts predict earnings of $ 107 , 47 million Nevertheless, the general revenues in II quarter increased only by 10%, to $ 4.2 billion According to the company on quarterly financial performance crisis has affected the American economy and an earthquake in China. In the structure of sales of Lenovo can be identified, on the one hand, the slowdown in sales of desktops, which amounted to only 3% (up to $ 1.7 billion), and strengthening the positions of laptops, sales growth which reached 17% (up to $ 2.4 billion). Now the share of portable PCs accounted for 57% of sales. In the regional division of China showed the best performance, in which sales growth was 22% (up to $ 1.7 billion). In the U.S. products were sold at $ 1.1 billion, in Europe, Africa and the Middle East - at $ 904 million, while in Asia (excluding China) - at $ 497 million as stated by representatives of Lenovo, in commenting on the results of the II quarter, the company emphasis on the Olympics in Beijing, where she is an official sponsor. According to plans, the fourth PC manufacturer in the world, Olympic marketing activity should make it globally recognizable brand.

Via changes specialization

One of the few producers of alternative chipsets - the company Via - will no longer produce a platform for third-party processors and plans to concentrate instead on issuing its own platform for processors x86. Via Vice President Richard Brown said about this: "One of the main reasons why we decided to fully engage x86, is that, according to our estimates, the business of producing chipsets for third-party processors is futile". As examples, Brown led the company Intel and AMD, which themselves produce chipsets for its processors. Intel has achieved that now almost all of its processors provided with its own chipsets. With the acquisition of ATI Technologies in 2006, the company AMD is approaching a similar scenario.

Rumours that Via is considering withdrawal from the business to produce chipsets, yet emerged last autumn, when the publication DigiTimes reported the resignation of President and Chief Executive Via unit to develop platforms Cheveya Lin, who along with the company, left the team of 40 specialists. Later they joined the ASMedia Technology - the Taiwan branch of Asustek Computer. Among the reasons cited the departure of heated competition from Intel and AMD, as well as the uncertain future ruler chipsets company. Relations between Via and the world's largest producer Intel processor always leaves much to be desired. Thus, in 2001 issued a Via chipset Apollo P4X266, which had the support of DDR memory and Pentium 4 processors. However, the necessary license from Intel for the development of this chipset has been received. I am afraid to get out of favor Intel, manufacturers of motherboards to produce steel products based Apollo is not under your name, but under the name Via. Today the company includes Via the five largest producers of the Organization's website, which also includes Intel, AMD, Nvidia and SiS. When asked whether the company was able to improve relations with Intel, Richard Brown replied as follows: "Our company and Intel are direct competitors in the very difficult market. Nevertheless, we respect the Intel as to our opponent and as a company, has made an enormous contribution to the development of personal computer industry ". I recall that in early August there were rumours that goes out of business chipsets company Nvidia. However, this information was immediately overcome its official representatives, who said they had to withdraw from this segment does not make sense, as it positions Nvidia strong as ever.

Cadres who decide everything

Working at IBM plants in the state of Vermont expects 10 - lowering the percentage of salaries early next year. Jeff Kutyur, a representative of IBM in Vermont, said that the company will cease to pay 20 - Prize working interest 12 - hour shifts. These measures affect about 3500 workers assembly line. To compensate for the abolition of bonuses, IBM plans to implement a one-10 - percentage increase basic rates. IBM plants in the state of Vermont produce processors for cellular phones, DVD-players and other consumer electronics, as well as special Processors game console. The company also is going to lower wages at some $ 120 administrative employees. Working night shifts will continue to receive bonuses of 12.5%. Thus, the measures taken by the leadership of the company, a different impact on individual employees. According to the representative of IBM, competing companies do not pay premiums for their workers. Jeff Kutyur also reported that IBM planned measures aim is to reduce costs and maintaining competitiveness.

Sanjay Dja, the new head of the mobile unit Motorola, intends to take a key strategy for the company's solutions for just 90 days. According to him, for three months will be profound rethinking Motorola mobile platforms and plans for the production of cellular phones. Dja also intend to invite to the work of new top managers to oversee areas of responsibility in which he personally lacks experience. I recall that until recently worked Sanjay Dja administrative director of the company Qualcomm. Observers suggest that many top managers will peremaneny it from there.

This amazing Russian IT-market

According to data analysis company IDC, in 2007 the volume of Russian market of integrated systems management (ISUP) grew by 58.7% to $ 579 million This figure is almost double the average growth rate of Russian IT-market. According to IDC analyst Peter Gorodetskogo software, end users fully appreciated the significance ISUP as a key tool for optimizing business processes and enhancing the competitiveness of enterprises. "A suppliers and their partners were able to offer customers the best choice including solutions for individual business segments and industries", - the expert explained. It seems that the needs of enterprises expressed not only in acquiring the tools to get information - for them relevant and consistent financial reporting requirements of domestic legislation. That is why the market share of budgetary and regularly updated products "1 S" has been steadily increasing. And if growth in 2005-2006 market presence "C 1" took place at the expense of reducing the proportion of Microsoft, then in 2007, "the victim" was a corporation Oracle. He explains what is happening relatively small number of potential customers "heavy" ERP-systems. It's no secret that many Russian enterprises, including large industrial, in the absence of free funds have to be satisfied with the products easier class. "Rich heavyweights" are still companies with continuous production cycle, specializing in the processing of raw materials, including oil, as well as retailers, "energy". Since the introduction of "C 1" is not a heavy burden on the corporate budget, have begun to automate the company SME. This is truly a "golden bottom". According to Deputy Director of corporate management systems company IBS Alexander Saksina, the success of SAP primarily attributable to a corporation that is sensitive to a segment of small and medium businesses. According to IDC, the market SMB SAP in Russia has received more than 30% of their income. It seems that Oracle policies in this direction is not enough active. Specialists IDC believes that the Russian market ERP-systems in the next five years will grow by an average of 35% annually. The cost of automated systems in the retail and wholesale trade, energy, health, education and government will grow, ahead of market dynamics.

Shares of major suppliers of ERP-systems in the Russian market (%)


Source: IDC.

Apple Mac vs. Windows PC

An interesting statistics published by NPD Group. According to her figures, the average price of your Mac twice higher than the average Windows PC. While the average price of Windows-notebook fell from $ 877 in June 2006 to $ 700 now, the average price of mobile PCs Apple is still about $ 1500, falling over the past two years at $ 59. Desktops Mac now sold in an average of $ 1000, while the typical Windows PC costs about $ 550. Of course, all these prices without taking into account the specifications of computers represent only a statistical interest, a typical configuration Mac and PC differed so much that they try to compare quite difficult. What is remarkable: despite the much greater difference in price, Apple market share is still growing and, according to Gartner, currently at 8.5%. The main reason for the growth analysts believe Vista problems and lack of proper marketing response from Microsoft, which prompted buyers to part with large sums of money in order to avoid meeting with the new Windows. Nevertheless, Apple should not sit idly by, experts believe. The new marketing initiative corporation Microsoft, Apple decides to respond to a series of rollers Get A Mac, could bring slower growth of sales of products with symbolism nadkushennogo apple. However, in Cupertino, it seems, this has long been ready: can talk about it announced in July by reducing percent gross margin from 35% to 30% - unchanged at a cost that can speak only to lower retail prices. Calculations show that if Apple is going to continue to increase its market share, or at least freeze it at the level of 8.5%, prices would have to go down.

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Any competent PR Specialist you will say: if the information needed an excuse, any intrigue could unleash literally on level ground. That's what seems to have been the company "RosBusinessConsulting" (RBC), seeking to make public the fact that among its assets added popular among Russian Internet users pager QIP.

Let me remind you that QIP considered one of the most common in post-Soviet space programs for instant messaging. QIP 100% compatible with ICQ, as passed on a protocol Oscar - a proprietary protocol, developed by Israeli company Mirabilis - creator program ICQ. QIP main difference between the official ICQ-client is the lack of advertising - is an advantage and believes most users program. Plus, of course, given the absolute "bezglyuchnost" and stability coupled with the ease of use. Here you need to recall that the developer of ICQ (and at the same time and the ideology of Internet pagers) company Mirabilis few years ago was acquired by telecommunications giant AOL and converted into a company ICQ Ltd. Since then, it was AOL owns all rights to technology Mirabilis, its commercial development and protocol Oscar, which enjoys a majority of the 66 known instant messaging. According to several sources, QIP regularly uses about half the users рунета. However, rating services offer slightly different figures. According to data analysis company ComScore, earlier this year enjoyed the service QIP 26.6% рунета audience. This figure has messenger ninth place in the ranking of ComScore. Nevertheless, analyst investment company "Finam" Leonid Delitsyn confident that the QIP - still the most popular ICQ-client in Russia. In his view, this program uses 40% of Russian Internet users, and the placement of advertising could bring a year of not less than $1 million a matter of fact, until recently exclusive partner ICQ Ltd. Russia was in the company Rambler, but in May deadline for a treaty on partnership. According to Leonid Delitsyn, RBC media could become - or at least try to become - a partner AOL. Possession of one of the most popular in runet Internet pagers would significantly increase the chances of success RBC. As for the market value of QIP, it evaluates its Delitsyn in $3 - $5 million, and most other experts - in "several million dollars".

And so began preparations for the PR-monetization QIP. In late July, the famous Russian "Vedomosti" newspaper published the first information on the Internet connection, pager companies and QIP RBC. I note only that the soil for the dissemination of such information even born at the beginning of last year, when it became clear that a domain name registered in the company Valento Commerce, and she, in turn, tightly linked to the RBC. Moreover, according to the organization ICANN, the company Valento Commerce belongs entertaining resource The publication "Vebplaneta" then quite dramatically the past about this, saying that QIP, in fact, is a "parasite ICQ", as it enjoys the protocol and subscriber base. Meanwhile, the protocol remains officially closed (proprietary). And consequently, for a serious business owner QIP required to conclude an agreement with AOL - just such an agreement would provide an opportunity to enjoy Protocol Oscar for commercial purposes. It turns out that direct purchase QIP RBC provided a disadvantage because of high licensing fees to AOL. Then the mechanism was implemented "incubator" in the form of third-party offshore company - the very Valento Commerce, and reported as "Vedomosti". However, verifies this information to journalists found no mention of any Valento in describing the structure of the holding company, or in presentations to investors. It turns out that the fact that the purchase "Rosbizneskonsaltingom" company Valento Commerce, which was discussed as early as last year, or eventually failed, or simply is not confirmed. However, owners of the QIP any comments about its relationship with RBC still holding refuse.

OAO "RBC Information systems" - the Russian media. He speaks the same Internet portal, news, magazines, newspapers, TV and other assets. Financial indicators (2007): revenues - $193 million, EBITDA - $24 - $26 million Capitalization (on July 28, 2008) - $1.05 billion principal shareholders (on January 1, 2008): German Kaplun (9, 22%), Alexander Morgulchik (8.9%), Dmitry Belik (8.8%). For the first time Valento Commerce joined the list of companies affiliated with RBC in April 2007. Of the reports should RBC: Valento was acquired on October 27, 2006 - On the Cyprus company RBC Investments, RBC owned by the owners. But in May 2007 RBC general director Yury Rovensky said that the deal on the acquisition Valento did not take place, although planned - "was signed a contract of intent to acquire". Of the subsequent lists companies affiliated with RBC Valento disappeared and appeared only in July this year already.

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The market of mobile phones transmission formats.

The research company Gartner released its medium-term forecast of market development of mobile phones. According to analysts Gartner, before the end of 2009 ringtones will appear on the market a number of new players, while the market will take only a few frank outsiders. New manufacturers will increasingly move data transmission services and additional services, and the devices become easier to handle when former functionality. In doing so, the greatest sales growth will occur in developing countries, while in Western Europe and Japan will begin declining, and in the United States - a long period of stagnation. Gartner experts have identified five major trends of the industry of mobile phones before the end of 2009 - go.

First of all, the market of cellular devices will new players - for example, a manufacturer of GPS-navigators Garmin - the company postponed the release of its first phone with the IV quarter of 2008 - go for next year. The emergence of new producers in the face of fierce competition sufficiently stimulated by the expansion of the market and the variety of ready platforms. Secondly, pressure from operators seeking to lower prices for mobile phones, will force manufacturers to seek new sources of revenue, for example, from the sale of content and other services. On this path have already made Nokia with its service Ovi, Sony Ericsson with PlayNow and Apple with iTunes. Similar projects are preparing to launch a number of manufacturing companies - for example, Motorola. In the future, according to experts, business links between producers phones and smartphones, cellular operators and content providers will be much stronger and diverse in their points of contact will be new business models. Another important trend in 2009 - cellular phones (unless, of course, the word "phone" still could be applied to these devices) will become less complicated to use. All will play a more important design and style mobile, while differences in functionality will become less noticeable. Companies producing development and implementation will primarily those new technologies that will enable cheaper design variations. For example, is expected to conclude new agreements with global brands of elite sports accessories and clothing - and, what traits do not jokes, and can reach up to use food and car brands. Pepsi-phone and phone-style Jaguar today still may raise a smile, but do not forget how quickly changing world around us. Issue joint products, manufacturers ringtones will be able to improve the attractiveness of their vehicles in the eyes of consumers. Finally, the life cycle of high-tech phones will increase: it will be possible to download software updates, new copyright management systems (DRM), applications and services, multimedia files - all for the appliance to remain contemporary as long as possible.

With regard to statistical projections of Gartner, then, on the basis of 2008 in the world to be sold 1.28 billion cell phones that the 11% increase compared to 1.15 billion vehicles sold last year. In I quarter of this year in the world was sold 294.3 million mobile phones. According to preliminary calculations, in II quarter (April-June) in retail sales and in offices operators sent 300 - 305 million mobile phone. Leading Gartner analyst Carolina Milanezi said: "In III quarter sales growth to continue, but would be immaterial, since the company Motorola and LG have already warned of lower quarterly sales. In addition, remains complex and the economic situation. All hope rests at the end of the year when producers phones will be provided to most of the novelties. In addition, the increase in sales in the quarter IV should affect seasonal factor ". In doing so, sales growth will be achieved primarily by developing countries, countries in Eastern Europe, Russia (CIS) and Latin America. At the same time, in regions such as Western Europe, Japan and North America, the market has reached saturation point. According to analysts' forecasts, in the Asia-Pacific region in 2008 will be realized 472.5 million mobile devices that will be at 17.9% more than last year. In Western Europe, will be sold approximately 188 million phones - a 1.5% lower than in 2007 - m. Sales in North America amount to 185.7 million units, which will give 5.3 - percentage growth for the year. At the same time, Japan will be sold 47.7 million sets, a country that is the rising sun from last year will show 9.1 - the percentage decline in sales of mobile phone.

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IT-business in the genre Apple

Rather the number of business news recently linked with Apple. Perhaps the main news was that the Taiwanese company Foxconn has accelerated production of smartphone iPhone 3G, which it produces to order Apple, to 800 thousand units per week. Such rate for the year will be 40 million such devices. According to the blog TechCrunch, the current rate exceeds the capacity of factories Foxconn, which raises concerns about quality control. Last week, already poslyshalis complaints about poor performance of the shell of certain models, mainly white versions.

Earlier, industry media reported that Foxconn will deliver only 24-25 million iPhone 3G. In doing so, analysts predicted, the market will need only 25 million of these smartphones for their entire life cycle. For comparison: Apple managed to sell only six million iPhone previous generation. Overall, in 2007 the world was sold 1 billion mobile phones and converged devices.

Let me remind you that iPhone 3G customers was introduced on June 9 this year. Staff put on sale in more than 20 countries around the world in July. It is expected that before the end of the year the device is sold in 70 countries. Russia and the CIS countries on the list not yet, but the other day representatives of Apple products exclusive distributor in Russia, Apple IMC, said that the smartphone can begin deliveries in 2009.

Do not rage and court battles around the "fruit company". Lawyers for the company Psystar, a graduating computer clones Mac, intend to use to combat Apple antitrust laws, said attorney Colby Springer. According to him, in court protection Psystar will insist that Apple violates antitrust laws. Other details of its strategy lawyer, however, are not reported.

In early July this year, Apple filed in court on Psystar, accusing the latter of copyright infringement. For the presentation of their interests in court Psystar hired a law firm of Carr & Ferrell, who has previously won the case at Apple. I recall that in April the company submitted a Psystar Mac-compatible computer OpenMac. Later it was renamed in OpenComputer. Formally rise to the claim Apple was that OpenComputer runs under Mac OS X. Under the terms of the license agreement this operating system can be installed only on computers produced very Apple.

The head of Apple Steve Jobs in internal company staff letter said that the service was launched MobileMe premature and not in accordance with standards of the corporation. He proposed to remedy the situation before the end of the year. According Dzhobsa, Apple should run MobileMe gradually, and not as a monolithic service. For example, to start could be given an opportunity to synchronize with the iPhone, then run web applications such as Mail and Calendar. Jobs also called MobileMe mistake to launch simultaneously with the iPhone 3G, firmware iPhone 2.0 and store applications App Store. According to him, the staff was what to do at this time and MobileMe could be safely postponed.

Apple has not once had to apologize for poor quality service MobileMe and even reorganize the entire team working on the service. Group transferred under the beginning Eddie Kyu, who then became head of all Internet services Apple, including iTunes and App Store.

For reference: MobileMe - service fee Apple, which should replace a similar Mac. MobileMe allows computers to synchronize information between users and servers use Apple as a repository for mail, images and other files. MobileMe was presented on June 9.

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Thursday, August 21, 2008

Science. Geothermal energy future.

Only science can solve all the modern problems, and nothing else.

Literally in the next several years or a decade situation could change radically - nuclear, gas, oil and other distributed power plant will now be considered unreasonable anachronism. For that you need only one single invention! It forces and our scientists.

It must be said that the energy crisis, expensive fuel and related developments in the entire world and had a positive impact. What? In principle, one can recall the popular saying - "has not klyunet roasted rooster." And so it happened in reality: the beginning of mankind actively develop previously very highly specialized directions, to find them in healthy grains and invent the possibility of obtaining both necessary and kilo-megawatts.

It may be noted that there are several approaches to obtain electricity. The most common of them are essentially implies the principle locomotive. That is, the driving force for a steam turbine generator, saying otherwise, hot water. What is used for fuel - a choice, with most of them do not focus on renewable sources. Hence there are many problems with the same ecology of the planet, perhaps this is also provided and indirect impact on the global warming problem appeared.

Among all this way to obtain geothermal electricity now takes much less one percent of the total mass. Most of our ordinary person in referring to this method most often in the head Iceland comes with many geyser, although geothermal stations built in other corners of the globe, for example, in California (USA), Germany, and so on.

As a heated element serves as a warm, which is available in large numbers in the bowels of earth. And, this source can be considered something that is not renewable, and in fact, eternal, at least in the comparison with the history of mankind itself. This method of obtaining energy is almost clean, except for moments of release poisonous vapors opportunities in drilling and exploration, as well as the transformation of certain substances in the water, vaporized at high temperatures. But the method itself is very simple to describe its implementation, needed only two key elements - a deep hole and water.

How deep? And why is the same Iceland and California among the first to take for implementing these plans? Well, when necessary, and above 300 degrees Celsius are located at a depth of several hundred meters to several kilometers. Modern drilling technology allows up to such levels. But most of the planet has such a zone in the far-great depths of 5 to 15 km.

In fact, if the same interest in geothermal energy significantly earlier, the drilling technology for such a realization would have already been invented and used everywhere. But human nature is that first he takes something that is closer, so we need to exhaust other more accessible sources, fall into the dense dependence on the energy complex, then start moving in a more reasonable direction (a geothermal option is one of the the most rational).

Thus, today's drills are not quite suited to the tasks required for creating holes big depth. They wear out quickly enough, have a high cost. Although these moments and not so important in fact, since all extremely fast payback, because energy is almost free.

Among the many developments are the most promising technology to invent specifically for geothermal drilling. Sami drills under such proposals in a literal sense, not drilled, and proplavlyayut rocks. If we talk directly, then such technology in practical application waiting literally everything. And with its emergence can boldly say that the energy map of the world will change, and nuclear, thermal, etc. Station will be considered unreasonable anachronism.

In fact, you may seem that all, as mentioned, it is fiction or something that implies a distant future. Not at all. Why? Because the stakes are very high. Those who make the first commercial versions of such drilling, but in essence, izobretet suitable drill, in large UDP market. And if earlier large energy corporations can lobby for development only in specific areas, and, for example, very many benefits that the extraction of solar energy has a low efficiency, hydro and wind is effective only in specific geographic locations, that is showing obvious benefit standard methods. But on the way of geothermal energy is rarely spoken. Yet this is virtually the only way to completely fix any problems with energy for many decades ahead, regardless of geographical location. Naturally, in such a case, oil and gas suppliers will lose a significant portion of profits, and this can lead to serious confrontation. But today there is a clear problem - energy shortages.

What is the most interesting in this situation, the new drilling technology can be invented elsewhere - in Belarus, Russia and Ukraine, in Asian countries, in the old and new world, in general, wherever it may allow scientific potential. And this will be one of the few examples where science will help solve global problems.

Some "but" ...

However, even the few examples of geothermal power plants have already demonstrated the attendant problems that might arise in such a method. Is it practically in one - a continuous supply of water because it evaporates, part, of course, condenses, returning to work, but many spent. That is, a more balanced system of water circulation - this time, the organization of its external supply - two.

For example, when the first boom was observed around the geothermal energy, as it did in 80 - x, it produces a large power plant, all profitable, with both developers and dealers, money invested in it, thought that the use of water, are in Subsoil Thereof, is a renewable source. It turned out that no resource has become an exhaustive produced power dropped significantly, and in some cases were simply stopped by the station. They are even going to demolish. But today, and largely because of the crisis, has found enthusiasts who bought these proceedings, while organizing the supply of water, and everything was working again, though not always in those capacities, but all can be considered a kilometre stage technology and growing understanding of the problems encountered .

That is, water - this is the only stumbling block, although all be resolved with a reasonable planning.

In passing this and you realize another problem - the issue has been too small number of people from science. After all, most of the improved technology in mass interest to them.

Looking to the future

In fact, such a development situation can change radically and contemporary vision of infrastructure. For example, the price of goods is always directly proportional to the cost of their transportation and energy costs in the production process. Hence it is obvious that if Expensive oil and gas, then all expensive. In global terms, this makes the world economy predictable in its instability.

Since gaining independence from the powerful energy source geographical position, to the same virtually no impact on the environment, the economy stops vacillation.

In terms of technology will be beneficial to contact the idea of electric current moribund - trains, trolley buses, trams, etc., may appear and the number of new species. That is, as transport costs can be reduced or stabilized. If the technology to develop extensive, there was electricity reserves can be spent on the production of hydrogen, lifting the road with oil needles, transferring it to all the same hydrogen fuel.

Geothermal approach that benefits and that it will help get rid of centralization of power system around the major suppliers of electricity. That is, if necessary, can create local geothermal station, which is minimizing the same loss of transporting energy. In addition, it can provide heating and a certain region.

You see how much depends only on one invention!

In closing the theme

In fact, despite the apparent complexity of people are not dedicated, modern energy and the principles on which it is built, are not something not understandable. Even more, they are simple, except for the nuclear section, which becomes available after examination of the direction of physics. And in fact all very simple.

And everything mentioned above more than realistic. Your humble servant and himself began to study books on drilling, geology, materials science, than take my free time in the near future.


So, the first material series of "Science" is finished. Frankly say its design originally introduced in only one restriction - we will be discussing technology to build. That is, the military system in any way will not be considered. This restriction relates only to this series.

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Wednesday, August 20, 2008

Yahoo fate determined without unnecessary noise

On August 1, the long-awaited meeting of shareholders Yahoo. Anyone who has followed developments since the beginning of the year, relieved with relief: a project to sell Yahoo Microsoft Corporation put bold cross.

Until a few months ago, most analysts were confident: 1 August shareholders sacked the board members Yahoo, and instead appoint them surrogates known businessman, Orphanage and the largest stake holder in Yahoo Carl Ikana. That, in turn, promised to return to the negotiating table Microsoft. I recall that even in spring Software Corporation tried to buy Yahoo for $ 47.5 billion, but the top managers of Internet giant rejected the proposal. But Karl Ikan, with the support of many shareholders, has called for a deal with Microsoft. That is, in fact, came into confrontation with the board of directors and a majority of top managers of Yahoo.

But the chairman of the board of directors Roy Bostoka Yahoo and Chief Executive Jerry Yang were their arguments against the alliance with Redmond. They are perfectly aware that Microsoft wants from the entire infrastructure or Yahoo search part to strengthen its position "melkomyagkih" in the field of Internet search. Also Roy Bostok and Jerry Yang is quite aware of that, being composed of Microsoft, Yahoo company in a couple-three years ceased to exist. And the current head of Microsoft Steve Ballmer once progovorilsya: "Why should we two portal?".

Therefore Ikanu not been able to attract enough supporters, although he nadelala much noise. The eve of Assembly Bill Miller, one of the largest shareholders (4.4% stake), supported Bostoka and Yang, and also stated that Microsoft offered too small an amount.

In July the twentieth numbers Karl Ikan suddenly gave way to all the top managers of Yahoo, the truth, incidentally to get a reduction of himself and his men two seats on the board of directors. As a result, August 1, has extended for two seats (from 9 to 11). Hiccup even failed to appear in person at the meeting of shareholders, yet the eve saying that "does not want to turn it into a press conference." All the more that could and vote in absentia.

As a result, the entire assembly came about 150 shareholders. They voted for the current choir directors, all without exception candidates were supported by at least 78% of the votes and retained their posts.

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With Yahoo expects RuNet?

Internet Corporation Yahoo, we can say, went in the footsteps of Google - decided to drastically increase its commercial activities in RuNet. However, based on multiple grounds, the zone increased attention Yahoo - all post-Soviet space.

This year the Russian-speaking segment of commercial opportunities the Internet attracted the attention of many serious investors. One could even say that if in 2007 "in fashion" China was, in 2008 - m - Russia and CIS countries. Suffice it to recall the most recent deal to buy from Google, "Rambler" Internet advertising agency Begun "or emerging" by Yandex "immodesty issuance of shares to $ 5 billion in and out with them on" high-tech "stock exchange NASDAQ.

The fact that the American Internet company Yahoo is going to open a full-fledged representative office in Russia, became known, one can say casually. For information on the imminent start of the "Russian department" managers staff posted at Yahoo hedhantingovom site in a professional and social network LinkedIn. Interestingly, the "personnel" page of the Yahoo no information nor Moscow office, nor of any vacancy in Russia.

Employees of Russian Internet companies for the most part, also, until recently, never heard of the opening of Yahoo office in Moscow. But details were known authoritative Russian recruiting agency. The company Adjuvare acknowledged that the American Internet portal since the beginning of July chooses to work in Russia heavily on local standards, team managers (about 20 people) to sell advertising on the Net. And since mid-July have also begun to seek the chief administrator, and then Director of Product Development for the Russian unit.

Vacancy General Manager appeared in the social network LinkedIn July 15. This top-manager to be responsible for business development, in general, attracting an audience, revenue growth, as well as coordinate the work of the local team. In addition, the head of the task includes the development of a common development strategy for Yahoo in Russia. July 28 also appeared vacancy director responsible for the development of products and services Yahoo in Russia. The requirements for candidates - from 8 to 12 years of experience in this field, and preferably - precisely the post-Soviet space. Structurally, the Russian unit will include Yahoo department in developing markets.

In hedhantingovoy company CT Partners journalists Russian newspaper Vedomosti reported that they estimated that senior managers search for this kind of company takes, on average, 101 days. A company in Pynes & Moerner Executive Search said that the employee may receive a level of about $ 450.000-600.000 per year plus a bonus of up to 80% of salary.

Russian portal Yahoo ( since 2005 is the same - infancy - and absolutely no condition develops. On its home page, users can see, except the search box, only to block the news, links to international portal sites and links to mailing and IM-services.

According to Liveinternet, Yahoo accounted for no more than 0.2% of all search traffic Runeta, as well as about 1% of traffic web-mail and IM-traffic.

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Artificial intelligence and Integral properties in experiments

Behavior of digital technologies and programs algorithmically opposite the work of our brain. They are unbundling the time and space on discrete samples, while we carefully collect all of krupitsam and integrate or, more simply put, sum.

For example, in sound software and hardware of a complex sound wave recorded in the form of discrete digital taps. After she may share a number of simple sinusoid and kosinusoid using Fourier transform. We, on the contrary, take each of the frequencies separately with the help of receptor cells, after which all summed brain, that is a complex wave created as part of its action.

Regarding the video, it is understandable. And the speed of reaction of our bodies is very high, much faster than the speed image processing. Therefore, the rapid shift in the beam we merges in light line. In a series of materials on the basics of digital video, I propose to hold its experience for those who are at least somewhat familiar with Adobe Flash. But, by the way, exactly the same can be done in any video editing. The goal - the definition of speed reaction to the frequency shifts of personnel. In fact, a very simple and takes about ten minutes. Establish editor formiruete a continuous sequence of the three cadres - red, blue and green. Run reproduction. With little importance fps (frame per second - the number of frames per second), you clearly share three changing colors, and when it merges all the increase in white. It is on this principle going to do first color film, introduce same colour television, and now used in the DLP-projectors with color wheel. A principle - Integral properties of the brain. However, it is used at a simple level - movies and videos with their change of static frames.

The old experiment with images. Continuation

However, as the old ... Your humble servant has done it several years ago. The essence is this. Have been drawn up some mathematical models of letters, rather mathematical models of their writing, so that could be distinguished. Originally planned that the letters themselves will be shown on cards in a video camera, but their program would guess. Naturally, in the first phase would simplify everything, so as a basis not used video, but simply binary images. The program compares symbol downloaded from its base models and choose the most appropriate, based on the percentage received, calculated on multi-criteria.

Naturally, I do not set ourselves the task of writing the text recognition algorithm, was interested in another - images. After a successful otkatki in different fonts, different angle and rotation, etc. received as a model of binary images have given ordinary objects-primitives - namely, geometric shapes, all trivial subjects in the same binary graphical form. The objective of the programme was to identify, or rather, the answer to the question: what it seems? That is, seeing Christmas tree, the program issued: "It resembles the letter A" and so on.

After otkatki this programme at the images of binary files with the transition to video processing has neproblematichnym. True, had povozitsya with optimization, because in the initial stages of algorithms to the main criterion was their reliability, ie, issuing the correct result in different conditions, but not speed extradition result. Optimizing expressed not only in the work on the algorithm itself, but in calculating the optimal frequency of cultivated cadres. Immediately, it had povozitsya, therefore, became the next question ...

Experience. Suppose I have already shown the triangle program, received a reply that it resembles the letter A. Then I show the same picture again and ... computations are performed again. And can a program to issue the result almost immediately, if tcpd results in their own experience as this makes people? Save the image in order to then make comparisons meaningless. This is exactly the same as store database with the value sinuses for different angles, rather than apply the formula. In addition, for comparison concrete block analysis is needed - even one additional algorithm and a lot of memory to store images.

The decision found quite easily. When the image is processed and correlated with mathematical models of letters, then each of the intermediate criteria appears certain value and then in the amount we receive the required percentage match. So, these factors can be used to base experience. That is, of them became drawn up a base. And, for example, the same picture with a triangle was shown at different tilt, with little change projections, that is, in each case, we have received all the new experiences and new facilities that are downloaded into the database, and with accuracy approksimirovanii experiment became successful, then there are some Results were evacuated when compared with the base.

Many now noted that this method is ineffective. Because a similarity calculation simply happen faster than calculating the similarity plus comparison with the base. That is why this idea is often otmetayut. And here again is worth recalling that the main task of experiments - to teach the computer to work with images. The selected model plus rates - the basis for a new mathematical model. A bit unclear? The computer determined that the triangle like a letter A with some errors. And last clearly defined in the base ratios. And if the computer will ask the question of what in fact he has identified? Are you using the word "triangle" and all! A new mathematical model to determine the ready. Moreover, when analyzed error rates (more precisely, matches) for the different figures, it turned out, and that among them (the values of these ratios) there is some mathematical dependence, which can be replaced by formula. Thus, an effective system of experience was still be created at the rudimentary level.

So, experiment fully completed, resulting in, among the main tasks was implemented and primitive learning system for pattern recognition.

Of course, if taking into account the way in which people developed, starting in infancy, it all comes from understanding primitives, the same geometric figures and 3D-objects. And since we originally took another lift-off, the experience with the letters can be considered a logical conclusion. And even withdrawn definition:

The image - is the object of perception, the main structural unit.

Computers subject to so-associative thinking, something that human truth, he needs to learn to summarize, look at every object. In the form, which shall II systems, software and various software and hardware systems now, machine intelligence will be unable to distinguish from wood pillar or from nearby homes. Also, referring to the images, is the need of abstraction, because the object can be considered as a brick, and brick house.

Later, I developed this program to a level of recognition of the text that was included in the next experiment.


Semantics - that understanding the meaning of the word, their combinations, phrases, suggestions, paragraphs and so on. In our case, all quite understandable. In the engine - not quite. The most vivid example - the programming language. For English-speaking community, many of them do not cause difficulty in learning, because based on customary language. When you say the phrase: "If A equals B, then C is 10", the code is written almost the same, taking into account the syntax. That is all there is understandable.

But ... very often in the discussion of issues II and even in many books on this subject can be found, in my opinion, a mistake. Namely: there is no border between the machine (architecture, performing actions), which, in fact, understands only binary code, and II, which is nothing more than a program. Yes, you can recall a remarkable example of the Chinese room, but still, one way or another, people are communicating with the software. The objective of the latter is: to understand and make decisions, perform conceived. Another question is to understand the human machine is not at the level of a specific query language, and more expansion and in context. For example, the word "eat". On the one hand, the verb "is" in the plural in the past tense, on the other - a noun "spruce" in the plural. Incidentally, in the Russian language such "zabav" for the programmes there are a lot of interpreters. "We sat down under the spruce and fir":). In the future under the "machine" we will understand a set of software and hardware.

In any language of logic implies a subject and éto, is the same and in the same programming languages and scripts. The latter can write their own version of interpretation in almost anything. For example, you can easily create a program that can perform operations on a literal writing in Russian: "A letter Proiznesi", "Say the word" Aboriginal ". Internal structure implies the transfer of the transition to standard commands, while distinguishes type" letter "of the type "floor" and after "proposal" and "text". Option scoring algorithm is achieved through TTS (text-to-speech - text-to-Speech), which was successfully implemented. Besides, the programme described in the previous section, was possible to read the text of a normal sheet of paper. It does not matter, take photographs, he was filmed on a camcorder. That is, the computer read the text, and this is now no surprise.

After the time has come to the application and STT (speech-to-text - described in the text), that is the job can make a voice. Think about whether their actions program? At least he understands that it wants. In doing so, have been included options for the same ugadyvaniya simple images at a level of humanity - the program can say: "I can not parse", "Maybe it ..."," Most of all it reminds ...". Naturally, everything inside was simply the result as a percentage, but people do not behave the same?

And we have a specificity of thinking, which involves attempts to explain the inexplicable things through clear and association. Suffice it to recall the famous face on Mars (rock, which somehow reminds person). If the computer database will be data on the structure of the human person, he will hold the same association.

In general, for further experiments opened an entire area, which investigates the properties of Integral II. For example, we read the text, at a minimum, operate or words, saying otherwise, images or objects of perception.

To date, test module verbal productions of the elementary mathematical tasks. For example: "Build a rectangular triangle with katetami three centimetres and four centimetres. What would equal hypotenuse?". That is the task given literally and in the voice mode, in the artificial semantics provides a certain subject area - mathematical, therefore, for example, the word "three" not associated with the verb of "friction", but with numbers. In the future, calculated to take two other subject areas (chess and economics), the machine would automatically determine to which of them to relate their perception. For example, in ozvuchennom sentence she could understand that we are talking about math because of the availability of "Triangle," a rectangular triangle "," katet "," centimeter "," hypotenuse. " That is, it must first review the text at several proposals, and after taking up challenges.

In conclusion

As you can see, flood II can be anything, and in fact it can accept images and associate them with existing knowledge base. The only thing that can cause difficulties in implementation, this definition three-dimensional objects (need laser scanner system or laser scanners) and, more importantly, understanding the materiality of others. That is, we differ cardboard box from a wooden box, even if they have identical shape and size, but as explained by car? Ideas, of course, there are (at least the same sound, each material has its own specifics absorption), but is it necessary to explain?

Incidentally, when the possibility of creating algorithms for the recognition of handwriting, your humble servant used to understand the principles of one well-known program, I think, guess what. The first thing I did, it took a medical card (themselves know how to write doctors). A small experiment has shown that it almost does not lend decoding and at the programmatic level. Also, I found a picture with handwritten pages V. I. Lenin (formerly entire book of such photographs were published manuscript pages). The results were slightly better than those of doctors.

And, generally speaking, if I told you about all the actions made in our experiments in terms of scientific terminology II, you would have met with all the basic concepts underlying basis in this discipline.

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Tuesday, August 19, 2008

Soundtracks for games

(The End. Beginning here)

Platform game

Castelvania. Castelvania series of games is a major franchisee and company Konami has almost twenty parts. The main game is a composer Michiru Yamane. Write music to the TV series she began with the exit Castelvania: Bloodlines on the console Sega Genesis, and she got it more than worthy. Voice "octet" pischanie left far behind, and Castelvania acquired in your style, accompanied by music - this imitation of theatrical music and music from uzhastikov. However, on the archaic console and Nintendo Caselvania very first soundtrack was a hit of its time. Some of the tracks have undergone the first part of a long evolution, changed beyond recognition, and even now is still present in the series.

What's interesting, composer of the very first part, again, was a woman. Her name Kinuyo Yamashita.


Among the genre better simply to identify - anime series of two-faytingov Guilty Gear. All J-Rock motives deserve to be called this game the best. For each character written on the musical themes 2-3 as a complement to their images. And, of course, when the next round voiceover voice shouting "Round one. Let's Rock!" and in the ears playing the breaks downhole Japanese rock music, then inadvertently arises sustainable desire to fight to the last drop of life bar 'Yes.

But not even that good soundtrack, but that the very meaning filling the game one way or another devoted to rock music. For example, the name of the hero of game Frederic Sol Badguy - a direct reference to groups of soloists Queen Freddy Mercury and his solo album Mr. Bad Guy. It is mainly a hobby of this hero is listening Queen. But that's what. Names receptions vast majority of the characters coincide with the names of various famous rock songs. Thus, almost all the receptions heroine Millia Rage (Russian origin) - a reference to the song of Iron Maiden. In short, rock music permeates the game until the bone marrow.

The case of the composer Guilty Gear, perhaps unique. His name is Daisuke Ishiwatari. He did not just write music for this project - it is his glavdizom. It Daisuke faytinga invented this plot and all its characters, as well as, perhaps, from natural modesty, voiced the main character. In doing so, it is necessary to notice: Guilty Gear storyline is so extensive that there are even a couple of books, revealing its details. As for heroes, they are already more than could be enough for two or three anime-series.

Hack 'n' Slash

Music game Devil May Cry покорила me in due course. I never heard anything like this. The game was attended simultaneously hard rock, metal, symphonic music, opera music, and even techno. In other words, to receive such e-Gothic metal. In addition, the exclusive was that some tracks that accompany gameplay, were recorded with vocals (not the opera), such as in games, I do not recall. The main theme of the third part, entitled "Devils never cry", perhaps the most accurately reflects the mood of the entire series - it certainly will not leave listening to good music fans indifferent.

The main person responsible for musical accompaniment Devil May Cry, is Tetsuya Shibata, although the composers have a lot of games - so, the third part of the tracks wrote a man named Shawn McPherson.

Another piece

A pair of games (and, consequently, a pair of composers) would like to say separately. Their soundtracks of more than deserve to be mentioned in this article.

Arcanum of Stem Works & Magical Obscure. Classic RPG from the creators of Fallout, performed in unprecedented style stimpank-fentezi. It would seem, as a stylistic mix at all possible? AN not: the game has surprisingly harmonious atmosphere and, despite the unusual role nikudyshnuyu system and graphics, acquired a solid army fans.

Music for "Arkanuma" composed Ben Houge - composer and audiodizayner. He worked on many gaming projects since 1996. Through his diligence "Arkanum" got her unique soundtrack, with a predominance of "crying" smychkovyh instruments. In addition, igrografii this composer's favorite among all such projects as Half-Life, Ground Control and Leisure Suit Larry.

American McGee's Alice. The motives of this shizofrenichnogo 3D-action unique. The most they can accurately describe the expression of "harmony dissonance": well-so heinous and repulsive melodies charuyusche-game industry has not ever knew.

Music composer wrote to the game, Chris Vrena. Chris is a former member of Nine Inch Nails, where he acted as a drummer. In addition, he holds Grammy awards for best hard rock performance at the festival Woodstock'94 (when he spoke with a group Smashing Pumpkins).

Chris is a very gifted man in terms of music: apart from the fact that he was a composer and musician, he is also a sound engineer and writers of songs.

It is, igrografiya such a creative person is not limited to one project. Chris Vrenna also wrote the music for Doom 3, Quake 4, Need for Speed Most Wanted and Enter The Matrix.

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Monday, August 18, 2008

Steve Jobs is sick is not known what.

Something inexplicable happening recently with IT-giant Apple. On the one hand, a number of excellent products sold and the most financially successful quarter in the company's history, on the other - the collapse of shares and Steve Jobs mysterious disease. Try to understand.

Initially, Apple announced financial outcome for the III quarter of fiscal 2008 (ended June 28). During this period, the company increased profits by more than 30%, while revenue was $ 7.46 billion (For comparison: a year ago for the same period this amount is equivalent to $ 5.41 billion) 42% profit company received from international sales. Compared with last year, profits from sales of Macintosh PC family grew by 43%: Apple Mac shipments increased to a record 2,496,000 units (it is 41% more than in the III quarter of 2007 - go). Growth in PC sales nearly tripled Apple was higher than that, in general, for the industry. It was also sold more than 11 million players iPod - which means growth in sales and profits by 12% and 7%, respectively, compared with the same period a year ago.

In the ensuing interview, Steve Jobs described last quarter, the best in the history of Apple. According to the permanent leader "apple company, the success of the new iPhone 3G help further strengthen the leadership of Apple. A projected financial director Peter Oppenheymera Apple, the company earnings in the IV quarter is $ 7.8 billion

Also, Steve Jobs said: "We are now completing the establishment of several new products, which are fired in the next few months." Nevertheless, the market reacted to record a record 10% Apple - by the collapse of the company's shares. Much of the reason this has become a very unhealthy view of the Steve Dzhobsa and persistent rumours about his poor state of health. I recall that back in October 2003 Dzhobsu diagnosed cancer of the pancreas, and in 2004 - m tumor removed. But in June this year, Steve Jobs appeared in public very pohudevshim, and this has given rise to rumours about the new disease.

Even more confusion has made himself head of Apple in late July, when the journalist personally telephoned the newspaper The New York Times Joe Nosere and by placing a condition not record the conversation, told him about their health. According to the journalist, "the disease is not deadly, and it certainly is not cancer. At the same time, this is not an" ordinary disease ", which in June said representatives of Apple".

Note that more about the health of all other holders of the shares Dzhobsa worry Apple. The reason is simple: the company has no clear plan for the transfer of leadership and Jobs not yet appointed a successor, as recently happened at Microsoft, where Bill Gates quietly replaced Steve Ballmer.

Regarding announced Dzhobsom technical innovations, it is believed the Internet publication AppleInsider, it most likely is a new mobile PCs, which will be held in their construction no less significant changes than memorable passage from PowerPC processors to Intel in 2006 . I recall that now MacBook laptops and MacBook Pro are based on processors and chipsets platform Intel Santa Rosa, that is, on the same components as other PC manufacturers. But the next generation of desktops and notebooks Apple will no longer use the chipset Intel, although they still will be installed central processors Intel. Accordingly, the new MacBook and MacBook Pro will not appear Intel Centrino platform 2.

As they say specialists, the company Apple, preparing for the entry of an extremely thin and light notebooks like the MacBook Air, Intel chipsets are no longer satisfied in terms of energy consumption and low productivity due to embedded graphics controller.

In the view of most consulting companies in the coming years, financial indicators Apple will steadily increase. Among the main reasons for the success of Apple - the reliability of the operating system Mac OS X, the value of the PC Macintosh, comparable to Windows-computers, as well as consumers' apparent dissatisfaction with OS Windows Vista.

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IT-sector: the eve of the great Affairs

That's about, August 1, must allow extending from the beginning of spring conflict between the owners of the shares and top managers Yahoo. However, the historic meeting of shareholders will take place only on the day following the release of this issue newspapers, so that your humble servant can only clarify the placement of forces before the event.

The second-largest shareholder of Yahoo Gordon Crawford could not support the current leaders of companies in the forthcoming elections board of directors. According to the American media, Crawford dissatisfied with the actions of Roy Bostoka Yahoo chairman and CEO of Jerry Yang. In doing so, Capital Research and Management owns one of the largest blocks of shares of Yahoo - 6,5%.

And earlier this week Yahoo reported that the online music store Yahoo Music Store closes with music servers, protected from copying technology DRM. As stated in a press release, all servers will be closed, starting in September 2008. As a result, users will no longer be able to listen to songs with DRM, acquired earlier in the Yahoo Music Store.

Other news: Yahoo will soon launch a new version of its social bookmarking service Delicious. The developers of the project told the official blog that Delicious 2.0 almost ready for launch: service will be available to users in the near future. Work on the new version was about six months.

Now everything else. Intel Corporation has reduced the cost of several models of two-and quad processors for desktops and servers at 11-31%. In particular, have become cheaper dual-core processor Core 2 Duo E7200 2,53 GHz (at 15%, from $ 133 mark to $ 113), E8400 3 GHz (by 11%, from $ 183 to $ 163) and E8500 3,16 GHz (by 31% , With $ 266 to $ 183). All these chips are manufactured on 45 nm technology. Also at 14% - up to $ 193 - a popular price fell Xeon processor Core 2 Quad Q6600 for custom systems.

Regarding the server processor Xeon, they are also cheaper: Quad-X3210 (2,13 GHz) and X3220 (2,4 GHz) faces now at 12% less - $ 198 instead of $ 224 earlier. Dual Xeon E3110 (also based on 45 - nm technology) fell by 11% - up to $ 167. All new prices apply to wholesale parties - from 1000 processors.

In analytical company Gabriel Consulting Group believe that Intel reduces prices, trying to "podchistit" stocks - simply get rid of these chips before they withdraw from production. Incidentally, the previous large-scale decline in prices occurred in April this year: whereas the prices of various models of chips were reduced by 12-50%.

Microsoft Corporation wants to buy the company DATAllegro - developer of corporate data storage systems. DATAllegro central office is located in the town of Aliso Viejo, California. Conditions will not be disclosed, but it is known that most of the employees will remain at their posts.

According to most analysts, the purchase DATAllegro - part of Microsoft strategy for the development of data-points and reducing the cost of their services. Unlike most other manufacturers of data storage systems that specialize in volume arrays 1-25 TB, DATAllegro develops products, capacity reaches several hundreds of terabytes. Accordingly, among clients - large factories and enterprises, retail sales network and supermarkets, telecommunication companies, banks.

DATAllegro Executive Director Stuart Frost in his commentary notes that now hardware-software complex DATAllegro, using components production EMC, Cisco, Intel, Dell and Ingres, a technology integration with Microsoft SQL Server. The result should see the light one of the strongest solutions in the market of corporate data storage systems.

The company Motorola radically reorganize one of its key units. As part of the unit Motorola Home & Networks Mobility will be created three structural units, whose staff will specialize in corporate systems, broadband access level of customer devices and equipment for mobile communication networks. In the press release states that "such a reorganization will help Motorola strengthen its positions in the market, more fully realize the potential business growth and, ultimately, to increase profits."

This is not the first restructuring of IT-American giant. In 2009, Motorola expects to complete reorganization of business in the field of mobile phones. It is expected that production will be transferred ringtones independent subsidiary company - perhaps as a strategic investor will speak Chinese ZTE. The very same Motorola will focus on equipment for cable and wireless networks. According to recently published statistics company Digitimes Research, today at the market share of Motorola ringtones is 7.3%. That is, the company retreated to fifth place in the ranking of manufacturers of cellular phones, skip forward Nokia, Samsung, LG and Sony Ericsson.

Manual Google decided not to acquire a social news site The cause of derailment transaction informally referred to as technical problems - they surfaced in the study site specialists Google. According to another version, the decision to abandon the purchase was made top managers after Google personal communication with the leadership of I recall that a couple of weeks ago, Google was ready to pay for approximately $ 200 million

In Germany, Munich court sentenced the former head of the telecommunications unit of Siemens Reinhard Sekacheka to two years' deprivation of liberty and a fine of 108 thousand euros. The judges felt that it was responsible for Sekachek "corrupt business component of Siemens - that he held talks with officials in different countries and gave them bribes, receiving the most favorable for the company contracts.

The case of corruption in the German concern has long stretches, but the sentence in it - first. As demonstrated own investigation Siemens, for a total of bribe officials spent about 1.3 billion euros. For this concern, even in special funds were established bribes. Of these, Siemens has paid millions of euro cabinet ministers and other high-ranking officials in Russia, Nigeria and Libya - were both won contracts to supply these countries in telecommunications equipment.

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This strange second quarter

The world's leading IT-company together published their reports on the work in II quarter of this year. Reports really impressed by your humble servant. And in the first place - its contradictory. As if single market trends disappeared altogether, and famous brands operate on the principle of "those in the forest who firewood".

The most dramatic situation is from the producers of mobile devices. Initially, the company Nokia announced that the results of its work in II quarter of 2008 were "generally positive". The company sent a retailer 122 million phones - a 21% more than in II quarter of 2007, and by 6% more than in the current quarter I. According to experts the company, Nokia now controls about 40% of the world market - a 2% higher than a year earlier, and by 1% more than the quarter ago. In general, there is steady growth - without breakthroughs and derogations. In doing so, a Finnish company, despite the pressure of competitors, has managed to retain positions in Europe, where it sold 27.1 million phones - exactly the same as a year earlier. And the most significant growth (42%) for the quarter, as before, demonstrated the Asia-Pacific region - the biggest market for the products of Nokia. Problem zone for North America remained Nokia, but where things go well: sales grew by 9.8% compared with the II quarter in 2007

In turn, the company LG in the second quarter of exhaust also not bad. As a result of the reporting period (ended June 30, 2008) sales company LG in the world market grew by 22.1% to $ 12534 billion profit from sales reached $ 843 million in II quarter of 2008, the most significant growth in sales showed unit Mobile Communications. Compared with the same period last year, unit sales of mobile communications increased by 34.3%, which brought the company $ 3788 billion profit from product sales units increased to 13.9%. In the sphere of implementation of mobile phones increases profits amounted to 14.4%. The volume of shipments of mobile phones reached a record, as a whole totaled 27.7 million units. In doing so, the main market for these products is North America, Middle Asia, CIS, Central and South America. Thus, by the end of second quarter revenue from the sale of mobile phones amounted to $ 3695 billion, which is 38.6% higher than the previous year. Sales Digital Appliance unit for the year increased by 4.9% to $ 3721 billion Digital Display unit sales increased by 37.2% to $ 3683 billion Regarding the previous quarter profit from sales in this segment remained positive, amounting to $ 37.4 million As a result of the reporting period increased sales ploskopanelnyh televisions, LCD televisions (86%), plasma televisions (31%) compared with the previous year. Sales of plasma displays increased by 22%. Digital Media Company demonstrates not so high rates of growth of sales volumes, due to seasonal decline in activity. Sales in this segment for the year declined by 2.1% to $ 1201 billion Nevertheless, thanks to optimize operating costs and profit margin rose to $ 12.8 million

But Sony Ericsson has already lost: II quarter results were disappointing. In II quarter Sony Ericsson sold 24.4 million phones, which is 9.4% lower than the results of the quarter II in 2007 Accordingly, revenues declined and net profit fell catastrophically. Losses amounted to 2 million euros, although for the same period last year, the company earned 315 million euros. By its own figures Sony Ericsson, its market share after the II quarter of this year did not exceed 8%. As President Dick Komiyama Sony Ericsson, the company plans to annually save 300 million euros operating expenses. And the effect of the measures taken will appear in about a year. These measures - especially the reduction of 2000 jobs worldwide. It turns out that each company dismissed its sixth employee.

Do Internet companies are also cases in different ways. eBay said that profit company in II quarter was $ 460 million - a 22% higher than the figures for the same period last year. Revenues eBay increased by 20%, to $ 2.20 billion online store has also published a report on performance in II quarter of this year. In the period from April to June inclusive Amazon company received income of $ 4.06 billion This is 41% higher than in the second quarter of fiscal year 2007, when the Internet-shop revenue was $ 2.89 billion net profit for the reporting period reached $ 158 million For comparison: a year earlier online store has received $ 78 million Thus, for the year quarterly profit growth of 102% Financial results in II quarter exceeded analysts' forecasts. Experts believed that Internet shopping will receive profit of 26 cents per share, with revenue of $ 3.96 billion quarterly sales of multimedia products including CD-ROMs and DVD for the year grew by 31%, reaching $ 2.41 billion revenue Sales of electronics and other goods grew by 58% - to $ 1.53 billion Despite the economic crisis, sales at North American market in the second quarter increased by 35%, reaching $ 2.17 billion forecast of analysts, Online bookstore revenues in the III quarter range from $ 4.20 to $ 4.43 billion (an increase of 29% to 36% compared with the third quarter of fiscal year 2007). In general, as expected, revenue for fiscal year 2008 will reach $ 19.35 - $ 20.10 billion

But quarterly financial results announced by the corporation Google, disappointed analysts. Promotions company once cheaper by 8%. Analysts believe that this is a direct consequence of slowing growth in advertising market. Net profit company on the basis of the quarter for the year increased by 35%, reaching $ 1.25 billion But I quarter profit was higher - $ 1.31 billion total revenue as the company was $ 5.37 billion, an increase over the year by 39%, and for the quarter - up 3%. In doing so, Google have their own websites Internet companies $ 3.53 billion - 2 / 3 total revenue. For the year the figure rose by 42%. According to the financiers of Google, the financial indicators were worse than expected consequence of low returns on investment funds free Google - a total of $ 12.7 billion this

The second quarter of this year proved highly successful for Intel. For the year revenues corporations increased by 9%, reaching $ 9.5 billion as a result rates Intel at $ 150 million surpassed analysts' forecasts. A corporation's net profit grew by 25% to $ 1.6 billion while Intel Shares went up by at 2.3%, their value reached $ 20.94 per piece.

But perhaps the main outcome quarter II: global PC shipments grew much faster than expected. According to IDC experts and Gartner, this primarily contributed to the unusually high demand for PCs in emerging markets (Asia, Africa) and falling prices of computers in the United States and Western Europe. In the report Gartner argued that the world's supply of PCs grew by 16% compared with the situation a year ago and amounted to 71.9 million units. Expected growth in the same 11.2%. The firm IDC, which uses a different method of tracking sales, reports that deliveries increased by 15.3% compared with the previous year and reached 70.6 million PCs. The growth occurs primarily through increasing the volume of deliveries in BRIC countries (Brazil, Russia, India and China) and growth in the number of computers (especially laptops) at home users. And company IDC, and Gartner named the world market leader PK corporation Hewlett-Packard. The share of NR in the world market remained the same as a year ago - 18.1%. However, the increase of sales through retail stores, adopted by the leadership of Dell earlier in the year, helped the company № 2 to consolidate their positions. In II quarter deliveries Dell grew by 22%, while growth in shipments from HP amounted to 17%. As a result, Dell increased its market share from 14.8% a year ago to 15.6% now. In the world's top five leaders of the PC market also includes Taiwanese Acer, Lenovo Chinese and the Japanese Toshiba - each with a share of less than 10% of the market. Apple Company on a global scale, took sixth position in the market but the U.S. holds third place with a share of 7.8%.

IT-sector: drop top

It happens does! July 21, Yahoo leadership suddenly found a common language with its principal enemy and leading shareholder - Carl Ikanom (he owned nearly 5% corporation).

August 1 by a general meeting of shareholders Yahoo, which will be decided by fate companies, and especially the fate of its top managers. The new distribution of powers is as follows. Eight of the nine-member board of directors will be re-run to their seats. Among them are the ideologists of Yahoo, which we know - the chairman of the board of directors Roy Bostok гендиректор and Jerry Yang. Not only will run Robert Kotik - he goes to rest. At the same time, the board of directors will expand to 11 seats. One of them takes himself Karl Ikan. Another two will be given to people from the list Ikana. This means that "the faction Ikana" will receive about 27% of votes in decision-making. Sam Ikan pay these three places its stake votes - he would support the current board of directors at the shareholders meeting. This impression that the conflict "ustakanilsya". Jerry Yang has already stated that the struggle for the management of the company behind, and Yahoo will be able to continue to adhere to the strategy, under which it is the "entry point" for every Internet user. Carl Ikan, in turn, thanked for what he will be allowed to enter to the board and help the company fully disclose its potential. He still believes that the sale of Yahoo or part of at least worthy of discussion, but now he shares the view of the board of directors at Yahoo as a unique blend of valuable assets. Let me remind you that Karl Ikan since May urged other shareholders to remove directors Yahoo and resume negotiations on sale of search engine company Microsoft. Hiccup represented the interests of a number of investors and even drew up the list of directors that it proposes to replace the shareholders' meeting on August 1, current leaders. Meanwhile, sources close to the Board of Directors of Yahoo, did not see the point in compromises with Ikanom. Even more recently leadership Internet companies accused Karl Ikana that he intended purely short-term goal - profit on the difference in value of securities Yahoo before and after the possible sale of the business corporation Microsoft. The rest Ikana, as asserted executive director of Yahoo Jerry Yang, simply do not care. Still, Karl and Ikan suffered a significant defeat in mid-July, when it became aware of the intention of one of the major investors Yahoo - the company Legg Mason - to support the company's current board. At the disposal of Legg Mason - 4,4% of the total number of shares of Yahoo. And what Microsoft? And Microsoft, seems to be completely "flies". Incidentally, Yahoo's net profit in the I half of this year grew at 2.2 times - to $673.4 million ($302.9 million for the same period last year). Revenue grew by 7% - from $3.37 billion for the I semester of 2007 - up to $3.62 billion in the current year. Operating profit was $221.1 million, which is 47% less than the figure I semester in 2007 Financial figures as the first half as a whole and II quarter were below analysts' forecasts. The very same company appreciates the ongoing financial results, calling the cause earnings growth to choose the right strategy.

Now everything else. Analytical company IDC presented a very interesting market research results neproprietarnogo (ie free) software. According to experts, the spread of software products, open-source can be organized in profitable business model. The study describes the strategy of making a profit from the spread of various businesses open software. According to IDC, the majority of software companies that promote proprietary software, generate 63% of profits from sales and 30% of the service. The remaining portion of the minimum is for sale, third-party developers and computer components. The basic income (59%), distributors of open software products depends on user subscriptions, giving the right to use the product and service. In fact, 10 out of 21 respondents thus receive 100% of income. Also, the study showed that on average 80% of income generated by open source vendors directly to the company, without the participation of partners. The largest such companies receive revenue in the U.S. - 62%, to European countries accounted for only 23% of total profits.

Events and telecom industry figures, as usual, impressive. I begin with troubled Motorola. Current data on sales of the company had not yet been published, but analysts hastened to assume that LG has been able ahead of American companies in II quarter of 2008 and as a result of gaining a foothold in third place - after Nokia and Samsung. That forecast, in particular, have made analysts Macquarie Group Ltd. and Goldman, Sachs & Co. Given that Sony Ericsson will is not very far from LG (24,4 million phones sold), we can assume that, following II quarter, and Motorola could prove to the fifth spot. And Motorola filed a lawsuit against its former executive director. Michael Fenger - currently Vice President of Sales Apple iPhone - is accused of violating a contract where he had no right to cooperate with competing organizations. According to Motorola, former employee of the company received several million dollars in cash and securities in exchange for agreement not to accede to competitors within two years. Also Fengera blamed for disclosure of commercial secrets. Fenger accepted the offer Apple less than a month after the departure of Motorola and peremanil, according to company proxies, two more managers with access to confidential information. Apple representatives refused to comment on events; itself Fengerom also can not be contacted. Meanwhile, Motorola requires a judicial ban on Fengera in Apple within two years and the return of stock options granted to former executive director of the company.

Revenue is one of the world's largest cellular operators British Vodafone Group I quarter for the 2008-2009 fiscal year amounted to 12.35 billion euros, while the previous year stood at 10.37 billion euros. This is stated in the published financial report the company. In doing so, company earnings in Europe for the reporting quarter amounted to 9.02 billion euros - growth of 15.5% as compared to similar indicator for I quarter of fiscal year 2007-2008. These findings coincided with the expectations of analysts. The company connects the successful financial performance during the reporting period, in particular, with increasing profitability of their operations in emerging markets and stable profitability in Europe. I recall that net profit Vodafone on the basis of 2007-2008 fiscal year amounted to 8.49 billion euros. Vodafone Group - one of the world's largest telecommunications companies. It works in Europe, the Middle East, Asia, Africa, the Pacific and the USA. The number of subscribers of Vodafone is more than 240 million people.

The company Logitech - known manufacturer of small-scale computer peripherals (mice, keyboards, Web cameras, etc.) - reported the results of the work in I quarter 2009 fiscal year (ended on June 30). Logitech Revenue for the period from April to June was $509 million This is 18% higher than during the same period of fiscal year 2008 - when the company received $430 million revenue. Logitech Operating profit for the year grew by 24%, reaching a mark in the $30 million against $24 million a year earlier. Net profit in the Logitech I quarter 2009 fiscal year was $29 million (the year before the company received $26 million). Logitech stresses that for the year quarterly sales of products grew by 20% in Europe, the Middle East and Africa, 10% - on the American market, and by 41% - in the Asian region. The company Logitech, in particular, noted good demand for multifunctional Harmony remote controls and informative devices.

Despite the economic recession, the spectacle in America are still in demand. As I half of this year sales volume Blu-ray discs in the U.S. increased compared to the first half of last year by 300%. In just half a year Americans spent discs Blu-ray $200 million But overall sales of optical discs in the U.S. for the first 6 months of this year declined by polprotsenta to $6.17 billion In doing so, the cost of rental disks Americans in the first half of 2008 - the first increase at the same polprotsenta, reaching the sum of $3.97 billion first reported that in I quarter of this year sales of Blu-ray discs in the U.S. increased by 351% over the same period last year. The total market for home video in the U.S. during the first three months of this year amounted to $5.5 billion

And finally - on the gaming industry. Playing Wii system eventually became the console sold in the U.S.. In June, Nintendo sold 666,700 console, a total of 10.9 million dollars realized Wii, which enabled Xbox 360 console ahead in this region. According to statistics, in June the most successful portable gaming system has proved to Nintendo DS (783.000 consoles sold). Wii is in second place, while three leading interconnects with the result of PlayStation 3 console sold 405,500. Moreover, Americans purchased more than 337 thousand PSP, nearly 220 thousand Xbox 360, as well as about 189 thousand PlayStation 2. High PS3 sale due to the successes Action Metal Gear Solid 4: Guns of the Patriots. New game studio Kojima Productions dispersed in the U.S. circulation of 774,600 copies, taking first place in the list of most projects sold June. The second place was portable simulator Guitar Guitar Hero: On Tour (422.300 copies) for the DS, and took third position Ninja Gaiden II (372.700 copies) for Xbox 360. Total revenues in June of the game industry in the U.S. amounted to $1.69 billion, which is 53% more than managed to earn over the same time period a year ago. Of these, $615 million (54% more than last year) had sales of consoles. More than $872 million (a 61% increase last year's performance) was able to earn on sales of games and all kinds of accessories brought $202 million (25% more than last year). NPD Group analyst Anita Frazier notes that the game industry revenues continue to grow despite the continuing economic crisis. She is convinced that even if this growth will slow further, in 2008 still will be a record for the gaming industry. It is estimated that the total revenue of all companies should make more than $22 billion

Year really good: for example, a division of Microsoft, responsible for gaming console Xbox, the first time been able to make a profit on the basis of which ended June 30 fiscal year. Previously managed to achieve success only in some quarters, for example, when the sale came from a series shooter Halo. In the fiscal year ended unit Entertainment & Devices, which is also responsible for moving the Media Player and Zune line projects Games for Windows, has been able to make a profit of $426 million Yet since 2001, when Microsoft entered the market for gaming consoles, the company incurred losses annually . Last year the unit lost $1.9 billion in early June, Head of Unit Entertainment & Devices Robbie Bach has already predicted the positive outcome of the year. It connects the Xbox 360 success with such projects known as Halo 3 and Grand Theft Auto IV, despite the fact that the latter virtually no impact on sales of the console. Microsoft representatives also reported that worldwide has already sold more than 20 million Xbox 360. Let me remind you that this console is now in second place in a race current generation consoles, yielding substantially implemented by the number of Wii console. Third place took a PlayStation 3, which is gradually beginning to catch up Xbox 360.

Meanwhile, Sony hopes in the coming years ahead of competitors, increasing sales volume PlayStation 3 to 150 million units. The Director-General of Sony Computer Entertainment Kaz Hirai said that first-generation PlayStation sales reached 102 million pieces since the advent of stations in the market in 1994. Over 9 years old market presence PlayStation 2 company sold 140 million copies. Hirano hopes that the PlayStation 3 significantly surpass its predecessor. Analysts company JupiterResearch meanwhile reminded that in the past from Sony was not strong competitors such as Nintendo. Two-generation PlayStation kept the leading position in the market that was impressive result. Sony unlikely to again dominate the market of gaming consoles - the question is whether the company potesnit Nintendo. Representatives of Sony, in turn, recognize that the company was too early to make a bet on technology Blue-ray: its slow spread adversely affected the sales of PlayStation. Another reason for declining popularity console Sony is seen in the lack of bright gaming portfolio at the time of emergence of PlayStation 3.

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